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Of the Harbor, say fourteen guns of Fort Sumter, and the four guns in the new Sand batteries. Fort Johnson has one rifled 32-pounder, but it is not banded, and is unsafe. For the City defence, somethe forts and batteries at the gorge or throat of the harbor, then the guns at Forts Ripley and Johnson and Castle Pinckney would be of no avail to check them. In consequence of the exposed conditioto diminish the armament of the exterior works to arm them; and this necessarily decides that Fort Johnson cannot be armed at the expense of the works covering the throat of the harbor. Fort Johnson Fort Johnson must be held, however, to prevent the possibility of being carried by the enemy by a land attack, and the establishment there of breaching batteries against Fort Sumter. The batteries at White Point ll likewise transfer to the new batteries, on Sullivan's Island, the 8-inch columbiad, now at Fort Johnson, with its implements, carriage, and ammunition, and report the execution of the foregoing. T
nt, within close range, to batter down the gorge of Sumter and endeavor to blow up the magazines. That mode of attack, being the one most to be apprehended, should be guarded against as well as our limited means will permit—first, by transferring as many heavy rifled guns as can be spared from the other faces of the fort to the gorge-angle and face already referred to; and the Brooke's rifled gun now on its way here from Richmond must likewise be put there, substituting in its place at Fort Johnson the 10-inch now expected from that city, so locating it as to fire towards Morris Island when required; secondly, a strong fieldwork should be thrown up as soon as sufficient labor can be procured on Cummings's Point, open in the gorge towards Fort Sumter, to act besides as a kind of traverse to this work from the fire of the batteries located by the enemy along the sea-shore of Morris Island. The Cummings's Point Battery should be armed with the heaviest and longest ranged guns we may b
strict of South Carolina, was, at that time, under Brigadier-General J. H. Trapier, lately withdrawn from Georgetown for that purpose by order of General Beauregard. Colonel Lawrence M. Keitt was the Commandant of the post, and had stationed himself at Battery Bee, where he remained during the fight. Morris Island, the third subdivision, was under Colonel R. F. Graham. Brigadier-General Gist had charge of the first subdivision, composed of James Island and St. Andrew's Parish. He was at Fort Johnson, with his staff, in order to be as near as possible to the scene of action, and take part in it, if necessary. Brigadier-General Ripley, whose command included the three subdivisions just referred to, had selected the recognized post of danger —Fort Sumter—for his headquarters during the engagement. He was in Charleston, however, at the beginning of the attack; and when, a few minutes later, he hurried off, with the declared intention of going to the fort, the concentration of fire agai
m falling, for there can be no doubt that General Gillmore would have immediately increased the armament at and around Fort Johnson, and have thus completely commanded the interior harbor. The possession of Charleston and of all the South Carolina sarges, and flats, to be collected with as little delay as possible, and held in readiness in the immediate vicinity of Fort Johnson. The following orders to the Commander of the First Military District, and many others already produced, show the mn, S. C., July 20th, 1863. Brig.-General R. S. Ripley, etc., etc., etc.: General,—The batteries from Shell Point to Fort Johnson being nearly completed, and some of the guns in position, it becomes necessary to guard them strongly at night with ine see if Shell Point Battery does not require to be embrasured, and if it is necessary to make a covered way thence to Fort Johnson. The General wishes to know if mining wires cannot be established from Battery Gregg to Fort Sumter, and from the l
for the construction, at once, of a new battery on Shell Point—Battery Simkins—in advance of Fort Johnson, for one 10-inch columbiad, one 6.40 Brooke gun, and three 10-inch mortars. The armament of o have Shell Point Battery constructed for three instead of two guns, the mortar-batteries at Fort Johnson to be converted into gun-batteries for one heavy rifled gun or 10-inch columbiad each. To stthe coast line were nearly denuded. Instructions were given for increasing the armament of Fort Johnson by two 6.40 Brooke guns turned over by the Navy Department, and to place floating torpedoes ient of certain portions of the new lines on James Island, and of a new battery thrown up near Fort Johnson. During the greater part of the 15th the enemy, both on land and sea, were unusually quiee harbor. The Chief-Engineer was instructed to strengthen Castle Pinckney with sand-bags. Fort Johnson to be arranged for two additional 10-inch guns, and positions to be prepared for three 10-inc
ch reduced, it may be that Colonel Rhett will prefer to remove the headquarters of his regiment; in which event he will be assigned to the important command of Fort Johnson and adjacent batteries. He has the option to do this, or retain the command of Fort Sumter. In the former event, Major Stephen Elliott will be assigned to th men killed, two officers and ninety-two men captured. We secured five stand of colors and five barges; others were disabled and drifted off. One gunboat and Fort Johnson and the Sullivan's Island batteries enfiladed our faces, and contributed to prevent the renewal of the assault. Many of the shots struck the fort. The garris6th. That you have reconstructed the observatory at Secessionville, and also erect one near Battery Cheves or Haskell. 7th. That the commanding officer at Fort Johnson be directed to employ actively the troops there in constructing bomb-proofs and rifle-pits. 8th. That Colonel Butler, at Moultrie, be directed to employ ac
ency. He had a force of two hundred infantry held in readiness, nightly, at Fort Johnson, to be thrown as a reinforcement into Fort Sumter, and had secured, for that night, as would enable them to sweep the space between Cummings's Point and Fort Johnson and between the latter and Battery Simkins. He also advised Commander Tuckry Simkins, and, possibly at the same time, make a similar front attack from Fort Johnson to the Martello Tower. It becomes important, then, to guard against the fy parapets, connecting the batteries near the Martello Tower with the one at Fort Johnson. The Commanding General, therefore, desires you, assisted by Colonel Harrval attack prepared against it. Fort Sumter had gradually become a new work; Fort Johnson had greatly gained in strength and importance; so had almost every battery o it was given into their hands for that purpose. While tied to the wharf at Fort Johnson, whence it was to start under cover of night to make the attack, a steamer p
's Point... 40.. 26................ 73 860 Fort Johnson ........ 2............2 11 Total 385 731 0-inch mortars. The 10-inch columbiad at Fort Johnson will also be so arranged as to command or sd kept in serviceable condition, at or near Fort Johnson. Respectfully, your obedient servant, The casemates at Fort Sumter, to be sent, via Fort Johnson, to the new battery on James Island designas Simkins and Cheves (when ready), and from Fort Johnson, and to communicate the effect by signal dif the Staff: To arrange the batteries at Fort Johnson, with platforms, etc., for two additional 1 works—that is, to Sullivan's Island and to Fort Johnson. Respectfully, your obedient servant, Th harbor, by establishing his batteries from Fort Johnson to Battery Glover? 15th. How could we hlads, at night, in position to fire between Fort Johnson and Cummings's Point, and between Fort JohnFort Johnson and Battery Simkins, in case the latter work should be, unfortunately, carried. Respectfully,[16 more...]