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Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. Volume 4., The Sooy Smith expedition (February, 1864). (search)
try, under his own command, and a cooperating cavalry expedition, 7000 mounted men and 20 pieces of artillery, under the command of General W. Sooy Smith, chief-of-cavalry on General Grant's staff. This cavalry force was ordered to start from Collierville, east of Memphis, on the 1st of February, and to join Sherman at Meridian as near the 10th as possible, destroying public property and supplies and the Mobile and Ohio Railroad, from Okolona south. [See map, p. 348.] Sherman's orders to Smithrd, McCrillis's; and a battalion of the 4th (regular) Cavalry, commanded by Captain Bowman. The main command was ready to start at the appointed time. The First Brigade had left Union City, Tenn., January 22d, but was prevented from reaching Collierville until February 8th by the flooded condition of the difficult country, with its broad swamps and overflowing rivers. Sherman says that Smith, under his orders, was not justified in waiting for the First Brigade, as he had a sufficient force
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. Volume 4., Forrest's defeat of Sturgis at Brice's cross-roads (June 10th, 1864). (search)
e beaten men kept on their way, reaching Ripley, 24 miles from the field, by early morning of June 11th. During the retreat the enemy had captured 14 pieces of artillery, the entire train of 250 wagons, with 10 days rations and a large supply of ammunition, and over 1500 prisoners. At Ripley an attempt was made to form the command gathered there into companies and regiments, but the enemy appeared on two sides and were checked only until the retreat could be resumed. It continued via Collierville to Memphis. The bitter humiliation of this disaster rankles after a quarter of a century. Our loss in killed and wounded was 23 officers and 594 men. The captured or missing amounted to 52 officers and 1571 men, making a total loss of 2240. The enemy may have numbered more than 3500 or 4000, but it must be reluctantly confessed that not more than this number is believed to have been in action. If there was, during the war, another engagement like this, it is not known to the writer;
n's Army having surrendered April 26th, time corps continued its northward march, and, arriving at Washington May 20th, participated in the Grand Review of May 24, 1865. It proceeded, June 2d, to Louisville, Ky., and in the latter part of that month the Second Division was ordered to Little Rock, Ark., where it served with the Army of Occupation. The organization was discontinued August 1, 1865. Sixteenth Corps. Hernando Coldwater Town Creek Siege of Vicksburg Jackson Collierville Meridian March Snake Creek Gap Resaca lay's Ferry Rome Cross Roads Dallas Big Shanty Kenesaw Mountain Ruff's Mills battle of Atlanta Ezra Church Jonesboro Siege of Atlanta Pleasant Hill Bayou De Glaize Lake Chicot; Major-General A. J. Smith's command. Tupelo; Major-General A. J. Smith's command. Tallahatchie River; Major-General A. J. Smith's command. Oxford; Major-General A. J. Smith's command. Brice's Cross Roads Nashville; Major-General A. J. Smith's
demonstrations were made on the railroad at Collierville and other points by Generals Chalmers, Lee, and Richardson. This last attack on Collierville, it will be remembered by the readers of this corrders of the same date, moved eastward from Collierville to La Grange, to operate either west, east,treating army, and Forrest proceeded toward Collierville. General Grierson was still at La Grangerailroad, and was supposed to be already at Collierville. It was now near midnight, and every thingwas pushed forward, and by daylight reached Collierville. But the enemy was gone. The place had be Richardson's force that made the attack on Collierville, for the purpose of drawing our attention i'clock in the forenoon, the force sent from Collierville to intercept the enemy before he could reacizener's brigade having been sent down from Collierville. For two days the pursuit was continued, burned back, and moved by easy stages toward Collierville and Memphis. It is known that, on the se
Doc. 114.-attack on Collierville, Tenn. A national account. Memphis, November 5, 1863. We have learned late and interesting particulars concerning the recent attack on Collierville. It seems that the confederates have not felt just right since their former unsuccessfuhere was but a single regiment, the Seventh Illinois cavalry, at Collierville, but they had heard of the premeditated attack, and had sent to on with Chalmers's, they will probably escape. This attack on Collierville did not succeed even as well as did their former attempt. They orth to-day. On Tuesday, the third, the regiment had moved to Collierville, seven miles beyond Germantown, on the railroad. About noon thent Daniel Estell, of Company L, was missing at the engagement at Collierville, and not yet heard from. Colonel Hatch left Collierville, earCollierville, early this morning, with other forces of his command, and will pursue the enemy vigorously. The Colonel has added another laurel to his chaplet,
Holly Springs. But, in order to convey a correct idea of the achievement, a short description of the field will be necessary. Davis's Mills are situated on Wolf River, six miles south of Grand Junction, and twenty miles north of Holly Springs. Wolf River is a narrow but deep stream, bounded on either side by wide cypress swWolf River is a narrow but deep stream, bounded on either side by wide cypress swamps, into which, at rare intervals, the elevated land extends to the main stream, thus affording natural advantages for roads, bridges, mill-sites, etc. At one of these points, and on the east side of the river, is the site of Davis's Mills. Here also the railroad and wagon-road cross the river, the former on a trestle structumanders are brave; not all show method in their bravery. After leaving Holly Springs, Van Dorn's raid was a disastrous failure. After his defeat, he crossed Wolf River, ten miles west of La Grange, took a look at Bolivar, broke out of our lines at Middleburg, and was gone, with our cavalry after him. Yours, respectfully, C
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 7. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), Meeting at the White Sulphur Springs. (search)
d on his left, the Mississippi on his right, and before him were the Forked Deer, Hatchie and Wolf rivers, and General Hurlbut at Memphis, with twenty thousand troops, watching every probable crossinear Lafayatte station, on the Memphis and Charleston railroad, and held the enemy in check at Collierville until he passed into Mississippi, with thirty-five hundred men, forty wagons loaded with subsazoo City, to take Forrest in rear at Grenada, and ordered General W. Sooy Smith to move from Collierville on Pontotoc and Okalona, &c., and to meet him at Meridian, Mississippi, as near the 10th of Fng the forces at Yazoo City, and Bell, at Oxford, organizing. On the 10th Smith started from Collierville. On the 11th McCulloch moved to Oxford on converging lines with him. By the 14th it was manieign on Pascagonla, and General Logan on Rome. I want you, with your cavalry, to move from Collierville on Pontotoc and Okalona, thence sweeping down near the Mobile and Ohio railroad, disable that
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 8. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), General Forrest's report of operations in December, 1863. (search)
idge-guard; drove them back and put to flight the force at Lafayette station, killing several and capturing four or five prisoners. Cavalry advanced on me from Collierville, which we met and drove back. The enemy also sent reinforcements by train from Moscow, which we held in check until all my wagon train was safely across the river and on the road in the rear of my advance on Collierville. We closed the fight at Collierville about eight o'clock at night, driving the enemy into their fortifications. Not being able to hear anything of General Chalmers, and my men being worn out, I felt it to be prudent to retire, which I did, and my command is camped Collierville about eight o'clock at night, driving the enemy into their fortifications. Not being able to hear anything of General Chalmers, and my men being worn out, I felt it to be prudent to retire, which I did, and my command is camped about seven miles west of this place. Another difficulty in the matter was that all my men armed with Austrian rifles were out of ammunition, having had the misfortune to lose my Austrian ammunition by the upsetting of a wagon at Forked Deer river. I have brought out about 2,500 men. Colonel Faulkner, who is to cross at Raleig
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 8. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), Sherman's Meridian expedition and Sooy Smith's raid to West point. (search)
rant's Chief of Cavalry with seven thousand (7,000) picked troops. The expedition of Sherman from Vicksburg to Meridian, Mississippi, in February, 1864, with an army of twenty-six thousand men, supported by W. Sooy Smith's cavalry raid from Collierville, Tennessee (near Memphis), to West Point, Mississippi, with seven thousand picked men, has been regarded by competent military critics as one of the very singular and erratic moves of that Federal General, who, ranking next to Grant among Fedeurs previously. Lee had been led to believe by Forrest that the Federal cavalry was superior in numbers to their united commands, and that the difficulty was in avoiding a general engagement till his arrival. The Federal General Smith left Collierville, on the Mobile and Ohio railroad, near Memphis, February 11th, marching towards Oxford. At Wyatt, on the Tallahatchie, with a brigade of infantry, he attempted a crossing; at the same time moving with all his cavalry in the direction of New A
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 8. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), General Chalmers' report of operations of cavalry division on line of Memphis and Charleston R. R., from 5th to 18th October, 1863. (search)
Buckner battery of four steel breech-loading two-pounders (Lieutenant Holt), the whole amounting to about nine hundred and fifty men. The enemy were reinforced at La Grange by the Sixth and Ninth Illinois and Third Michigan cavalry, and on the following evening (9th) the whole force, amounting to nine regiments of mounted men and nine pieces of artillery, under the command of Captain Hatch, moved out against us. At the same time a force of infantry and artillery was sent to Davis' mill on Wolf river, which was between our position and La Grange, and within supporting distance of their cavalry. During the greater part of the day we remained drawn up in line of battle at Harnan's house, two miles from Salem, and there was some slight skirmishing between the advancing parties, but the enemy did not make their appearance in any force. Late in the afternoon, the enemy having entirely disappeared, we moved ten miles towards Holly Springs, in order to obtain forage and water, and on the
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