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Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War: Volume 2., Iuka and Corinth. (search)
ttle of Pittsburg Landing, of which, however, Mitchel had received no intelligence,--he marched swiftly southward from Shelbyville and seized Huntsville, in Alabama, on the 11th of April, and then sent a detachment westward over the Memphis and Char with 2000 men. Why did he not go? The story of the railroad raid is the answer. The night before breaking camp at Shelbyville, Mitchel sent an expedition secretly into the heart of Georgia to cut the railroad communications of Chattanooga to thto make another attempt. His plans for the second raid were submitted to Mitchel, and on the eve of the movement from Shelbyville to Huntsville, the latter authorized him to take twenty-four men, secretly enter the enemy's territory, and, by means n dress, and all arms, except revolvers, were left in camp. On the 7th of April, by the roadside about a mile east of Shelbyville, in the late twilight, we met our leader. Taking us a little way from the road he quietly placed before us the outlin
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. Volume 3., chapter 5.67 (search)
nformed of the great reduction of his antagonist's strength, and marched from Nashville to attack him. The battle, that of Murfreesboro' or Stone's River, occurred on the 31st of December, 1862, and the 2d of January, 1863, and was one of the most obstinately contested and bloody of the war, in proportion to the numbers engaged. [See articles to follow.] The result of this action compelled the Confederate army to fall back and place itself behind Duck River, at Manchester, Tullahoma, and Shelbyville. Early in December Grant projected an enterprise against Vicksburg under Sherman's command. He directed that officer to embark at Memphis with about 30,000 men, descend the river with them to the neighborhood of the place, and with the cooperation of Admiral Porter's squadron proceed to reduce it. Sherman entered the Yazoo with his forces on the 26th of December, employed several days in reconnoitering, and on the 29th made a vigorous assault upon the defensive line near Chickasaw Bay
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. Volume 3., Manoeuvring Bragg out of Tennessee. (search)
to evacuate their works at Tullahoma and Shelbyville, Tenn., and retire behind the Tennessee River, en trees six hundred yards in width, and at Shelbyville, where Hardee had fortified his position wi open field. A glance at the map will show Shelbyville directly south of Murfreesboro‘, and Tullahstate of cultivation of the country west of Shelbyville, and the connection of the towns by broad thoma. Sending his supply trains out on the Shelbyville road, the cavalry under Stanley was orderedof Murfreesboro‘, with orders to advance on Shelbyville on the 24th of June in bold array, and at np-fires extending from Hardee's left to the Shelbyville road and beyond, indicating the presence of had the desired effect, and held Hardee at Shelbyville, while the real movement was against his rias charged, driving the Confederates toward Shelbyville, near which town they made a stand; but Colrt of Polk's threatened left flank, leaving Shelbyville with its elaborately planned fortifications
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 2., Chapter 10: General Mitchel's invasion of Alabama.--the battles of Shiloh. (search)
ndoned it in March. After he parted with the more cautious Buell at that place, on the moving of the army southward at the close of March, March 28, 1862. his own judgment was his guide, and his was practi cally an independent command. Before him the insurgents had destroyed the bridges, and these he was compelled to rebuild for the passage of his troops and munitions of war. This work was done so promptly, that his army was seldom even halted in waiting. On the 4th of April he was at Shelbyville, the capital of Bedford County, Tennessee, at the terminus of a short railway branching from that which connects Nashville with Chattanooga. This was almost sixty miles from Nashville, and there he made his deposit of supplies. At that point he struck across the country with a supply-train, sufficient for only two days provisions, in the direction of Huntsville, making forced marches all the way. On the 10th April, 1862. he left Fayetteville, in Lincoln County, Tennessee, crossed the S
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 2., Chapter 20: events West of the Mississippi and in Middle Tennessee. (search)
reserve opposite the center, on high ground, and Jackson's brigade the reserve of the right flank, under the direction of Hardee. Bragg ordered the cavalry to fall back on the approach of the Nationals, Wheeler to form on the right and Wharton on the left, for the protection of the flanks of the line, and Pegram to go to the rear as a reserve. He ordered all supplies and baggage to be in readiness for an advance or a retreat, and, in the event of the latter, Polk's corps was to move on Shelbyville and Hardee's on the Manchester pike — trains in front, cavalry in the rear. Both armies prepared for battle on the night of the 30th. Rosecrans lay with Crittenden on the left, resting on Stone's River, Thomas in the center, and McCook on the right. These leaders met the commander at his quarters at nine o'clock that evening, when they received instructions for the morning. Rosecrans determined to throw his left and center heavily on Breckenridge at daybreak, crush him, wheel rapid
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 3., Chapter 4: campaign of the Army of the Cumberland from Murfreesboro'to Chattanooga. (search)
and W. Martin. his infantry extending from Shelbyville to Wartrace, his cavalry on his right strete and Decatur. General Polk's corps was at Shelbyville. Hardee's Headquarters were at Wartrace, ander Colonel Minty, first swept down toward Shelbyville, and then around toward Franklin, skirmishistrong, under General (Bishop) Polk, lay at Shelbyville, the terminus of a short railway from the mrittenden on the left. McCook moved toward Shelbyville, Thomas toward Manchester, and Crittenden imoved early in the morning June 24. toward Shelbyville, with Sheridan's division in advance, preceiana, on the road between Murfreesboroa and Shelbyville, without much trouble. There he was joinedor their rifle-pits, about three miles from Shelbyville. There the fugitives made a stand, but a cich Bragg had fallen back, as they had done Shelbyville. Wilder was sent to strike the railway in several months in the hill country between Shelbyville, Wartrace, Tullahoma, and Decherd. Thus, s[1 more...]
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 3., Chapter 5: the Chattanooga campaign.--movements of Sherman's and Burnside's forces. (search)
uard, as he fled toward Murfreesboroa, was charged with great spirit by the Second Kentucky Regiment of Crook's cavalry, under Colonel Long. Wheeler's force greatly outnumbered Long. They dismounted, and fought till dark, when they sprang upon their horses and pushed for Murfreesboroa, hoping to seize and hold that important point in Rosecrans's communications. It was too strongly guarded to be quickly taken, and as Wheeler had a relentless pursuer, he pushed on southward to Warren and Shelbyville, burning bridges behind him, damaging the railway, capturing trains and destroying stores, and crossing Duck River pressed on to Farmington. There Crook struck him again, cut his force in two, captured four of his guns and a thousand small-arms, took two hundred of his men, beside his wounded, prisoners, and drove him in confusion in the direction of Pulaski, on the railway running north from Decatur. Wheeler's shattered columns reached Pulaski that night, and made their way as speedily
409; visit of the author to tb battle-field of in 1866, 2.439. Seward, Wm. H., declares his adherence to the Union, 1.226; on the Trent affair, 2.163; attempt to assassinate, 3.569. Sewell's Point, attack on rebel works at, 1.486, Seymour, Gen. F., his expedition to Florida, 3.461-3.469,. Seymour, Horatio, on the arrest of Vallandigham, 3.85; anti-war speech of, 3.87; action of during the New York draft riots, 3.89. Shaw, Col., killed in an assault on Fort Wagner, 3.205. Shelbyville, Ten., Gen. Polk at, 3.122; capture of by Stanley and Granger, 3.123. Shenandoah, Confederate cruiser, history of, 3.438. Shenandoah Valley, operations of Gens. Banks and Shields in, 2.368; operations of Banks, Jackson, Ewell, and Fremont in, 2.389-2.399; rapid retreat of Gen. Banks down, 2.392-2.394; visit of the author to. in 1866, 3.372, 400; Sheridan's operations in, to the battle of Cedar Creek, 3.363-3.372; Sheridan's raid in, from Winchester to Lynchburg, 3.534. Shepherdst
Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Chapter XXII: Operations in Kentucky, Tennessee, North Mississippi, North Alabama, and Southwest Virginia. March 4-June 10, 1862. (ed. Lieut. Col. Robert N. Scott), March 25-28, 1862.-reconnaissance from Murfreesborough to Shelbyville, Tullahoma, Manchester, and McInnville, Tenn. (search)
862.-reconnaissance from Murfreesborough to Shelbyville, Tullahoma, Manchester, and McInnville, Tend the march at 7 a. m. marching 5 miles, to Shelbyville. We were greeted by a population who evincthe court-house the first secession flag at Shelbyville. Her son-in-law was killed for his Union st in any part of Dixie's land. On entering Shelbyville many surrounded us, and, as it is our custoople. The infantry and artillery halted at Shelbyville guarding the city and taking all the militacts during our absence. The Fourth left Shelbyville at 11 o'clock [and marched] to Tullahoma, bf the 250 men forming the reserve bound for Shelbyville, and report himself at Manchester the next he wagons. We encamped half a mile east of Shelbyville last night, arriving there at 5 p. m., wherses and resumed our march, and 7 miles from Shelbyville we received the joyful tidings from you ordies to be left to guard the bridges east of Shelbyville as well as the city. We sent Companies E a[1 more...]
Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Chapter XXII: Operations in Kentucky, Tennessee, North Mississippi, North Alabama, and Southwest Virginia. March 4-June 10, 1862. (ed. Lieut. Col. Robert N. Scott), April 7-12, 1862.--raid on Confederate line of communications between Chattanooga, Tenn., and Marietta, Ga. (search)
to wit: charge : Violation of section 2 of the one hundred and first article of the Rules and Articles of War. Specification 1.-In this, that the said William Campbell, private Company K, Second Ohio Regiment, not owing allegiance to the Confederate States of America, and being in the service and Army of the United States, then and now at war with the Confederate States of America, did, on or about the 7th day of April, 1862, leave the Army of the United States, then lying near Shelbyville, Tenn.. and with a company of about 20 other soldiers of the U. S. Army, all dressed in citizens' clothes, repair to Chattanooga, Tenn., entering covertly within the lines of the Confederate forces at that post, and did thus, on or about the 11th day of April, 1862, lurk as a spy in and about the encampments of said forces, representing himself as a citizen of Kentucky going to join the Southern army. Specification 2.-And the said William Campbell private Company K, Second Ohio Regiment,
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