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J. B. Jones, A Rebel War Clerk's Diary, XXVII. June, 1863 (search)
Federals were removing the railroad machinery, stock, and stores. Great excitement and alarm pervaded the entire country. In the hard fighting, Gen. Lee reports our loss as one killed and two wounded. Here's the second dispatch: Shelbyville, Tenn., June 18TH.--Nashville papers of the 17th inst. have been received here. They contain Lincoln's proclamation, calling for 100,000 militia, for six months service, and the following highly interesting telegrams: Loudon, Pa., June 16statements on similar occasions. Some of the prisoners will probably arrive in Richmond to-day-and the Agent of Exchange has been notified that 7000 would be sent on. So Gen. Milroy told nearly half the truth. Again: Third dispatch. Shelbyville, June 19th.-Other dispatches in the Nashville papers say that the rebels advanced six miles beyond Chambersburg. On the 16th Gen. Taylor telegraphs officially his retreat, and the capture of the Federal forces at Winchester. Later in the
J. B. Jones, A Rebel War Clerk's Diary, XXIX. August, 1863 (search)
ere on hand at the time-but there were no Brooke guns, simply. Thus, while Charleston's fate hangs trembling in the balance, and the guns are idle here, twenty days are fruitlessly spent. Mr. Miles appears to be a friend of Beauregard. Every letter that general sends to the department is sure to put twenty clerks at work in the effort to pick flaws in his accuracy of statement. A report of the ordnance officers of Bragg's army shows that in the late retreat (without a battle) from Shelbyville to Chattanooga, the army lost some 6000 arms and between 200,000 and 300,000 cartridges! Our naval commanders are writing that they cannot get seamen --and at Mobile half are on the sick list. Lee writes that his men are in good fighting condition — if he only had enough of them. Of the three corps, one is near Fredericksburg (this side the river), one at Orange C. H., and one at Gordonsville. I doubt if there will be another battle for a month. Meantime the Treasury notes c
General James Longstreet, From Manassas to Appomattox, Chapter 24: preparing for the spring of 1863. (search)
etary of War Seddon, who referred to affairs in Mississippi, stating that the department was trying to collect an army at Jackson, under General Joseph E. Johnston, sufficient to push Grant away from his circling lines about Vicksburg. He spoke of the difficulty of feeding as well as collecting an army of that magnitude in Mississippi, and asked my views. The Union army under General Rosecrans was then facing the Confederate army under General Bragg in Tennessee, at Murfreesboroa and Shelbyville. I thought that General Grant had better facilities for collecting supplies and reinforcements on his new lines, and suggested that the only prospect of relieving Vicksburg that occurred to me was to send General Johnston and his troops about Jackson to reinforce General Bragg's army; at the same time the two divisions of my command, then marching to join General Lee, to the same point; that the commands moving on converging lines could have rapid transit and be thrown in overwhelming
General James Longstreet, From Manassas to Appomattox, Chapter 32: failure to follow success. (search)
in contrast the probable result of the combination if effected in the early days of May, when it was first proposed (see strategic map). At that time General Grant was marching to lay siege upon Vicksburg. The campaign in Virginia had been settled, for the time, by the battle of Chancellorsville. Our railways were open and free from Virginia through East Tennessee, Georgia, Alabama, to Central Mississippi. The armies of Rosecrans and Bragg were standing near Murfreesboroa and Shelbyville, Tennessee. The Richmond authorities were trying to collect a force at Jackson, Mississippi, to drive Grant's army from the siege. Two divisions of the First Corps of the Army of Northern Virginia were marching from Suffolk to join General Lee at Fredericksburg. Under these circumstances, positions, and conditions, I proposed to Secretary Seddon, and afterwards to General Lee, as the only means of relief for Vicksburg, that Johnston should be ordered with his troops to join Bragg's army; tha
t of the Big Black, I feared it was a mistake. I now wish to make the personal acknowledgment that you were right and I was wrong. It has already been mentioned that General Rosecrans, after winning the battle of Murfreesboro at the beginning of 1863, remained inactive at that place nearly six months, though, of course, constantly busy recruiting his army, gathering supplies, and warding off several troublesome Confederate cavalry raids. The defeated General Bragg retreated only to Shelbyville, ten miles south of the battle-field he had been obliged to give up, and the military frontier thus divided Tennessee between the contestants. Against repeated prompting and urging from Washington, Rosecrans continued to find real or imaginary excuses for delay until midsummer, when, as if suddenly awaking from a long lethargy, he made a bold advance and, by a nine days campaign of skilful strategy, forced Bragg into a retreat that stopped only at Chattanooga, south of the Tennessee Rive
The Atlanta (Georgia) Campaign: May 1 - September 8, 1864., Part I: General Report. (ed. Maj. George B. Davis, Mr. Leslie J. Perry, Mr. Joseph W. Kirkley), chapter 147 (search)
linois Infantry. Hdqrs. 110TH Illinois Infantry Volunteers, Atlanta, Ga., September 6, 1864. Captain: We left McAfee's, March 13, to go to Nashville, Tenn., to guard a wagon train through to the front. Arrived at Nashville, Tenn., March 15, and there remained waiting for the train to be fitted out until May 8, when we started for the front with a train of wagons. May 9, had 1 man wounded by a runaway team. May 11, chased a party of guerrillas near Ferguson's plantation, between Shelbyville and Tullahoma, Tenn. May 26, joined the corps near Dallas, Ga. Continued with the train until June 26, when we were ordered to report with command to division headquarters. Since that time we were part of the time at division headquarters and part of the time with the train until July 20, when we joined the brigade. Our lines were shelled very heavily by the rebels August 5. Very near all the regiment (about ninety men) was on the skirmish line in the advance on the 7th of August. Ou
ized and increased at Mill Creek, and though it had been perfectly satisfactory before, yet, on account of the changes of troops that had occurred in the command, I found it necessary to replace valuable officers in some instances, and secure additional ones in others. The gathering of information about the enemy was also industriously pursued, and Card and his brothers were used constantly on expeditions within the Confederate lines, frequently visiting Murfreesboroa, Sparta, Tullahoma, Shelbyville, and other points. What they learned was reported to army headquarters, often orally through me or personally communicated by Card himself, but much was forwarded in official letters, beginning with November 24, when I transmitted accurate information of the concentration of Bragg's main force at Tullahoma. Indeed, Card kept me so well posted as to every movement of the enemy, not only with reference to the troops in my immediate front, but also throughout his whole army, that General R
is to be the case; and the ill-judged assault led by Breckenridge ending in entire defeat, Bragg retired from Murfreesboroa the night of January 3. General Rosecrans occupied Murfreesboroa on the 4th and 5th, having gained a costly victory, which was not decisive enough in its character to greatly affect the general course of the war, though it somewhat strengthened and increased our hold on Middle Tennessee. The enemy in retiring did not fall back very far-only behind Duck River to Shelbyville and Tullahoma-and but little endeavor was made to follow him. Indeed, we were not in condition to pursue, even if it had been the intention at the outset of the campaign. As soon as possible after the Confederate retreat I went over the battle-field to collect such of my wounded as had not been carried off to the South and to bury my dead. In the cedars and on the ground where I had been so fiercely assaulted when the battle opened on the morning of the 31st, evidences of the bloody
over the train by Minty's brigade of cavalry, which had joined me for the purpose of aiding in a reconnoissance toward Shelbyville. In marching the column I placed a regiment of infantry at its head, then the wagon-train, then a brigade of infantrypursuit of the routed forces continued through Unionville, until we fell upon and drove in the Confederate outposts at Shelbyville. Here the enemy was taken by surprise evidently, which was most fortunate for us, otherwise the consequences might has position north of Duck River with a front extending from McMinnville, where his cavalry rested, through Wartrace and Shelbyville to Columbia, his depot being at Tullahoma. Rosecrans, thinking that Bragg would offer strong resistance at ShelbyvillShelbyville — which was somewhat protected by a spur of low mountains or hills, offshoots of the Cumberland Mountains-decided to turn that place; consequently, he directed the mass of the Union army on the enemy's right flank, about Manchester. On the 26
rrimac retired, having sustained serious injuries. The Monitor was uninjured.--(Doc. 82.) A brigade of United States troops from Cairo, Ill., occupied Point Pleasant, Mo., about ten miles below New Madrid, thus cutting off the communication of the rebels with the main confederate army further down the Mississippi River. At Point Pleasant the National troops took possession of a rebel transport loaded with flour, and scuttled her.--Cincinnati Gazette. The citizens of Shelbyville, Bedford County, Tenn., burned a large quantity of confederate stores, to prevent their falling into the hands of the rebel troops under A. Sydney Johnston, who were in full retreat from Murfreesboroa. Cockpit Point, Va., was occupied by the National troops. About two P. M., the rebels commenced to retreat, and fired their tents and other property difficult of removal. They also burned their steamer George Page, and all the other craft which they had in the creek. The National gunboats open
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