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oops in his district. At first his duty was to pay every four months the troops at Forts Croghan, Gates, Graham, and Belknap, and at Austin. This required a journey of about 500 miles each time, besides a visit to New Orleans for the funds requ pay district was gradually altered and enlarged in consequence of the movements of troops, until finally it embraced Forts Belknap, Chadbourne, and McKavitt, and required a journey of 695 miles for each payment. In 1854 payments were ordered to bet beginning to bloom. Of course, in a circuit of 700 miles, the aspect of the country varied greatly. From Austin to Fort Belknap, after passing for miles over swelling prairies capable of the utmost productiveness under the hand of man, but then ue, pink, or drab, of fine grain and good polish. At Belknap, and along the Brazos, there was plenty of coal. From Fort Belknap to Phantom Hill, Fort Chadbourne, Fort McKavitt, and thence to Austin, the country was bolder, wilder, more rugged and
r 28th, and traveling by Fort Gibson and Fort Washita, they entered Texas at Preston on the 15th of December. From Preston the column moved to Belknap, and thence to Fort Mason, its destination, where it arrived January 14, 1856. Four companies were left on the Clear Fork of the Brazos, under Major Hardee. In this march they forded many rivers, and suffered three weeks of the coldest weather ever felt in Texas. While still on the elevated table-lands, some sixty miles northeast of Fort Belknap, the regiment was caught by a terrible norther. General Johnston says in a letter to the writer, of January 17th: Norther! It makes me cold to write the word. I do not believe that any of the hyperborean explorers felt the cold more intensely than did my regiment. Noble fellows! Officers and men, they will always be found at their post, wherever duty calls them. Think of a northern blast, sixty miles an hour, unceasing, unrelenting (the mercury below zero, ice six inches thick)
with him and others just mentioned, and who have since become so distinguished and prominent as American soldiers. In the early Autumn of 1855 I sailed from San Francisco for New York, via Panama, and reported for duty at Jefferson Barracks, Missouri. Soon thereafter, if my memory betray me not, I received a draft for about one thousand dollars in gold, as my share of the profit in the wheat crop cared for by Lieutenant Crook and myself. In November I marched with my regiment to Fort Belknap, Texas, which place we reached about the middle of December. Shortly afterward, Camp Cooper was established on the Clear Fork of the Brazos. Major George H. Thomas was placed in command till the arrival of Lieutenant Colonel R. E. Lee, to whom I had become very much attached at West Point where he was Superintendent whilst I was a Cadet. My relations and duties were therefore most pleasant during my service at Camp Cooper. The Government had under advisement, at this period, the construc
rt Washita, and Mr. J. R. Suydam, were also with it, but not in any official capacity. The private soldiers were fifty-five in number. There were also five Indians, serving as guides and hunters. Up to this time the region round the head-waters of the led River had been unexplored by civilized man; and the only information we had as to the sources of one of the largest rivers in the United States was derived from Indians and semi-civilized Indian hunters. The expedition started from Fort Belknap, upon the Brazos River, on the 2d of May, and marched to Red River at the mouth of the Little Witchita, and up the right bank of the latter stream to the mouth of the Big Witchita, where they crossed Red River. Proceeding westward, between Red River and a branch of Cache Creek, they struck the north fork of Red River at the west end of the Witchita Mountains, and followed that stream to its source in the Llano Estacado, or Staked Plain. Here an excursion was made to the valley of the Ca
only got five dollars; so that branch of business had to be abandoned as unprofitable. About this time an order came to have us move, just as we had got comfortably lodged for the winter; and on the fourth of December, 1861, Companies B, E, F, H, I, and K, left for Fort Mason, eighty-five miles from Verde. We left sixty men at Verde. We all got safely to Mason, and there the command was split up into five parties, one to Fort McKuvett, one to Camp Colorado, one to Camp Cooper, one to Fort Belknap, and Companies B and K, in all fifty-eight men, to Fort Chadbourne, clear up in the Camanche nation of Indians. I forgot to tell you that we were three months and fifteen days in Camp Verde. All these forts that I have mentioned are on the Indian frontier, and were formerly garrisoned by our soldiers, but none of us had ever been to any of them; but at the time I am writing about they were garrisoned by the rebels, and we were distributed amongst them, as I tell you, for safe keepin
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Assiniboine Indians, (search)
Assiniboine Indians, A branch of the Dakota family, inhabiting each side of the boundary-line between the United States and British America in Montana and Manitoba. They were originally a part of the Yankton Sioux, but, after a bitter quarrel. they separated from the main body at the beginning of the seventeenth century, and the two bands have ever remained hostile. The French discovered them as early as 1640. In 1871 the number of Assiniboines in the United States was estimated at 4.850, and in 1900 there were 1.316, nearly equally divided at the Fort Peck and Fort Belknap agencies in Montana.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Reservations,
Indian
(search)
Reservations, Indian In 1900 the Indian reservations in the United States comprised the following: Blackfeet Montana. Cheyenne and Arapahoe Oklahoma. Cheyenne RiverSouth Dakota. Colorado RiverArizona. Colville Washington. Crow Montana. Crow Creek South Dakota. Devil's LakeNorth Dakota. Eastern Cherokee North Carolina. Flathead Montana. Fort Apache Arizona. Fort Belknap Montana. Fort Berthold North Dakota. Fort Hall Idaho. Fort Peck Montana. Grande Ronde Oregon. Green Bay Wisconsin. Hoopa Valley California. Hualapai Arizona. Kiowa Oklahoma. Klamath Oregon. La Pointe Wisconsin. Lemhi Idaho. Lower Brule South Dakota. Mackinac Michigan. Mescalero New Mexico. Mission-Tule River California. NavajoNew Mexico. Neah Bay Washington. Nevada Nevada. New York New York. Nez Perces Idaho. Omaha and Winnebago Nebraska. OsageOklahoma. Pima Arizona. Pine Ridge South Dakota. Ponca, Pawnee, Otoe, and Oakland Oklahoma. Pottawattomie and Great Nemaha Kansas. Pue
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Montana, (search)
and the speaker, subordinate offices, and control of committees......Jan. 29, 1891 Montana University opened at Helena; first graduation......June, 1891 Sept. 1 made a legal holiday, as Labor Day......1891 Legislature failing to elect a United States Senator, the governor appoints Lee Mantle, which appointee the Senate refuses to seat......Aug. 28, 1893 Helena selected as capital......November, 1894 State University at Missoula opened......September, 1895 Blackfeet and Fort Belknap reservations opened to settlement......February, 1896 First National Bank of Helena failed......Sept. 4, 1896 State capitol authorized; not to cost over $300,000......1898 Corner-stone of the new capitol laid by Governor Toole......July 4, 1899 State board of horticulture created. 1899 State school of mines opened at Butte......Sept. 11, 1900 Marcus Daly dies at New York......Nov. 12, 1900 Amendment to the constitution in reference to the Supreme Court carried......190
eptember 22, 1840. His principal service after this was rendered in the Florida war and in the military occupation of Texas, until the Mexican war. He participated with distinction in the battles of Palo Alto and Resaca de la Palma as well as other events of this struggle, and in June, 1847, was promoted captain in the Fifth infantry. He served for a time as aide-de-camp to Brigadier-General Brady; was in garrison at East Pascagoula, Miss.; on frontier duty at Fort Gibson, I. T., and Fort Belknap, Tex.; and while engaged in Pacific railroad exploration, skirmished with the Apache Indians. He took part in the Seminole war of 1856-57, fighting at Big Cypress swamp and near Bowleytown, and marched in the famous Utah expedition; subsequently continuing on frontier duty until 1861, when, obeying the call of his State, he tendered his services for her defense. He received the commission of lieutenant-colonel, corps of infantry, C. S. A., and with the rank of colonel took command of the F
Capt. Calvin D. Cowles , 23d U. S. Infantry, Major George B. Davis , U. S. Army, Leslie J. Perry, Joseph W. Kirkley, The Official Military Atlas of the Civil War, Index. (search)
Beaver Dam Church, Va. 93, 1 Beaver Dam Creek, Va. 7, 1; 8, 1; 16, 1; 20, 1; 21, 7, 21, 9; 27, 1; 55, 4; 63, 8; 74, 1; 90, 9; 100, 1; 136, F6; 137, B7, 137, D5, 137, E6, 137, G1 Beaver Dam Station, Va. 16, 1; 100, 1; 117, 1 Beaver Pond Branch, Va. 100, 1 Beaver Pond Creek, Va. 16, 1; 77, 4; 93, 1; 100, 1; 137, G6 Beckley, W. Va. 171 Beech Grove, Tenn. 24, 3; 30, 2; 32, 5; 118, 1; 149, A8 Beersheba Springs, Tenn. 24, 3; 30, 2; 149, B9 Fort Belknap, Tex. 54, 1; 171 Belle Grove, Va.: Battle of, Oct. 19, 1864. See Cedar Creek, Va. Belle Plain, Va. 8, 1; 16, 1; 39, 2; 100, 1 Bell's Mill, Tenn. 30, 1; 97, 1 Belmont, Mo. 4, 2, 4, 3; 5, 2; 117, 1; 135-A; 153, C12; 171 Battle of, Nov. 7, 1861 4, 3 Survey, Jan. 2, 1862. 4, 2 Belmont, Tenn. 61, 9; 153, H11 Bennett's House, N. C. 80, 9 Benn's Church, Va. 93, 1 Benton, Ala. 117, 1; 118, 1; 148, F6 Benton, Ark. 47, 1; 135-A; 154,
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