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t, because their rights were prescriptive, they were treated with indulgence and allowed to retain their foothold when the immigrant Indians were expelled. Of the Cherokees, Shawnees, Kickapoos, etc., recent intruders, it is said they were restless and discontented, and in 1836 they gave unmistakable signs of hostility to the colonists by acts of depredation and murder. Texas Almanac, 1858, p. 174. Yoakum says that the Indians were kept quiet by the assurances of the committees of San Augustine and Nacogdoches, September 18, 1835, that their just and legal rights would be respected, and that no white man should interrupt them on their lands. Yoakum, History of Texas, vol. i., p. 858. Yet a different inference might be drawn from one of his anecdotes. He says that (in October or November, 1835) the appearance of Breese's company at Nacogdocheb had a fine effect on the Cherokee Indians, a large number of whom were then in town. Their fine uniform caps and coats attracted th
ible to secure any of the arms, as they were stowed under the coal. They then turned their course with a light wind, for St. Augustine, Florida. Upon nearing the coast, the wind increased, until finally it blew a perfect gale. The vessel had crossed the gulf safely, and on Friday night, the 15th, they hove to, and found themselves in sixteen fathoms water. At daylight land was discovered and a clear coast. They were then about ten miles south of Matanzas. Squared away and made for San Augustine bar. Found the tide too low upon their arrival, and stood off. The captain hoisted the Confederate flag at the fore topgallant-mast, and fired a gun as a signal for a pilot. Three attempts were made to get into the harbor, but it was found they could not weather it. The people on shore kept a light burning for them, as was afterward discovered, but which the privateers did not observe or were unable to see. The vessel kept working up to wind-ward through the night, and at daylight they
urn to Louisiana he wrote the famous epitaph for Albert Sidney Johnston, which is now carved upon the tomb erected by the association of the Army of Tennessee, at New Orleans. Gov. Orin M. Roberts, author of the Texas history, is another who, since the completion of his work, has passed to the reward of an honorable life. He was a native of South Carolina, a descendant of Revolutionary ancestors, a graduate of the university of Alabama, and in 1840 a settler in Texas. As a lawyer at San Augustine he gained distinction; became district judge, and later associate justice of the supreme court. In 860 he was president of the State convention called to decide the future status of the commonwealth. When the war began, he organized a regiment, of which he became colonel, serving until the close of hostilities with a creditable record. He was elected to the United States senate immediately after the war, but was refused his seat; was chief justice of Texas 1874-78, and governor of the
Tilden's Missouri battery. Nicholas N. Pumphrey, Independence, Mo., surgeon Caldwell's Missouri infantry. Randolph Brunson, Pine Bluff, Ark., surgeon Pine Bluff hospital. William Carson Boone, Fayette, Mo., surgeon Clark's Missouri infantry. Reuben Jernette, Greenville, Tex., surgeon Stevens' Texas dismounted cavalry. Isaac Shelby Taylor, Palestine, Tex., Hawpe's Texas dismounted cavalry. John M. Lacy, Cave Hill, Ark., assistant surgeon Brooks' Arkansas infantry. Thomas H. Holles, San Augustine, Tex., surgeon Barrett's Thirteenth Texas infantry. J. Curry Brabaker, surgeon Burnett's Thirteenth Texas infantry. Edward L. Massie, Salem, Va., surgeon. Andrew N. Kincannon, St. Joseph, Mo., assistant surgeon Pindall's Missouri battalion. Uriah Haine, Anderson, Tex., assistant surgeon Terry's Eighth Texas infantry. Albert P. Fulkerson, Chapel Hill, Mo., assistant surgeon Morgan's Arkansas infantry. Marshall A. Brown, Miami, Mo., assistant surgeon. Thomas J. Basket, Tarleton, Mo., assist
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 13. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), chapter 11 (search)
age, malarial fevers and camp diseases, the absence of medical stores, and worn out clothing and blankets caused much suffering and misery, nearly destroying the efficiency of the brigade. At last, by the close of November, the welcome order was received to return to Texas, by slow marches, consuming such commissary's and quartermaster's stores as had not decayed in the depots, where they had been accumulated by the operation of the Impressment Act. The brigade halted at Sabine Town, San Augustine, Carthage, Henderson and Crockett; and by the close of March it reached the lower Brazos, at Pittsville, near Richmond. Men and horses had recovered strength and spirits, and brigade manoeuvering was actively entered upon, when, to our mutual sorrow, Gould's regiment was ordered off, to be attached to another brigade. Gould's was replaced by McNeal's regiment, which being ordered on detached service on the Trinity River, never coalesced with the brigade. From Pittsville, the brigade m
Fatal Affray. --On Saturday before last, some misunderstanding occurring between David G. Harding and Robert A. Smith, of San Augustine, Texas, the former pulled out a derringer pistol and shot the latter through the breast, killing him instantly. Harding was examined before Justices Blount and Price, who decided it not a bailable case; whereupon he was committed to jail.
hey had many hours the start, and it was useless to follow them. An express arrived on the 8th, bringing the intelligence of the hasty abandonment of Fort Stanton by the United States troops. This occurred shortly after the surrender of San Augustine; two fugitives from Lynde's command fled to this post and gave information of that affair. The garrison was panic stricken, and, supposing the whole Confederate forces would be down upon them, immediately evacuated the fort. They set fid all respects a most delicate courtesy has been extended to the prisoners. We challenge the records of the world's warfare to produce an instance where a defeated enemy has been treated with more attention and kindness. At the surrender of San Augustine, our men denied themselves food, that the prisoners should be supplied. On that retreat many a Confederate soldier gave away the last drop of water in his canteen to a suffering prisoner. All private property was respected and in no case in