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of McClellan's Division in Western Virginia. The division under Gen. Patterson is about 22,000 strong, and has three batteries of artillery attached to it; and Gen. Mansfield, who commands the army of Washington and the reserve watching the Capitol, has under him a corps of 16,000 men almost exclusively volunteers; Gen. McDowell has also left a strong guard in his intrenchments along the right bank of the Potomac, guarding the bridges and covering the roads to Alexandria, Fairfax, and Falls Church. The division in military occupation of Maryland under Gen. Banks, most of which is concentrated in and around Baltimore, consists of 7,400 men, with some field-guns. The corps at Fortress Monroe and Hampton, under Gen. Butler, is 11,000 strong, with two field batteries, some guns of position, and the fortress itself in hand. Gen. Lyon, who is operating in Missouri with marked success, has about 6,500 men. Gen. Prentiss at Cairo commands a division of 6,000 men and two field-batteries.
many of the fugitive infantry to seek their old camps and go no farther. But the majority pushed on to a point near the late site of Germantown, where Lieut. Brisbane had formed a line of Hunt's artillerists across the road and repulsed all who attempted to break through. I particularly request attention to the service thus rendered by this loyal young officer. While he was thus engaged, a courier arrived with the news that Col. Montgomery was advancing with a New Jersey brigade from Falls Church, and that the retreat must be stopped, only the wagons being allowed to pass through. Some thousands of the soldiery had already got far on their way to Washington. Poor fellows! who could blame them? Their own colonels had deserted them, only leaving orders for them to reach Arlington Heights as soon as they could. A few miles further I met Montgomery swiftly pressing to the rescue, and reported the success of Lieut. Brisbane's efforts. And so I rode along, as well as my weary hors
under the command of Brigadier-General Tyler, of the Connecticut Brigade, I left General McDowell's Headquarters, at Arlington House, at the hour of march, for Fall's Church, for the last three weeks the Headquarters of General Tyler. Striking the road from Georgetown to Fairfax Court House near Fort Corcoran, I found it literallyler and his staff, directly behind the advance guard. The three first brigades followed the Alexandria and Leesburg turnpike to a point two miles this side of Fall's Church, and then turned off to the left for this point — the fourth, under the command of Colonel Richardson, took a more direct route from their position near the Chhe army. When Colonel Keyes, riding at the head of the First brigade, came up to a point at the foot of a steep hill, some two and a half miles this side of Fall's Church, one of his aids, who had been reconnoitring in advance, dashed up to him and reported having seen two hundred of the enemy's cavalry a short distance ahead, t
w York Sixty-ninth and Seventy-ninth came up and took position near our other infantry on the flat. Gen. Tyler, on finding that the fire of the second of the enemy's batteries was likely to prove destructive, manoeuvred the infantry into a different position, falling them back with wheeling them. They were all as cool as cucumbers, and executed his orders with as much precision as though engaged in a dress parade on Pennsylvania avenue. I was compelled, by my engagement, to return to Falls Church by nightfall, and then left to return. About six miles from the scene of the engagement I met General McDowell in his carriage, with his staff on horseback. Ere meeting him — indeed, immediately after the arrival of the Sixty-ninth and Seventy-ninth on the field of action, and the change of position of our infantry engaged — the firing on both sides ceased for the time being. It was renewed, however, before I reached where I met General McDowell. He received his first intelligence of
as given to retreat, and each brigade was ordered to proceed to the position from which it started, and by the route by which it advanced, I communicated the order to the commanders of each brigade, and with Keyes' brigade proceeded at once to Falls Church, determined to save the camp equipage of the four regiments left standing there, which I knew, if we fell back on the fortifications in front of Washington, the enemy would at once seize. Col. Keyes, with the three Connecticut regiments, arrived at Falls Church about 5 o'clock A. M. of the 22d inst., and proceeded at once to strike their tents, and those of the Maine regiment and send them to Fort Corcoran. This work, without rations, was continued the entire day, and during a severe rain storm, and by night the entire camp equipage was saved by removal. Col. Keyes then fell back to the camp of Schenck's brigade, which had been entirely deserted; and after using their tents for the night, struck them the next morning, and sent the
lower, May 20, 1861. There are two bars, one of blue and the other of white. A rebel letter. falls Church, October 5, 1861. Editor National Republican: Enclosed I send you a correct copy of a letter found by me, pinned on a gate near Falls Church. The letter is something of a curiosity; so I send it to you for publication. The direction on the outside is to Yankees, Care of luck. Yours, &c., W. H. G., 35th Regiment N. Y. S. V. dear Yankees:--Having been resident denizens of Falls Church for some time, we to-day reluctantly evacuate, not because you intimidate us by your presence, but only in obedience to military dictation. We leave you fire to cook potatoes, also to warm by, as the nights are now uncomfortable on account of their chilling influence. Mr. J. T. Petty, an inhabitant of Washington, but a secesh in the rebel army, joins compliments with me upon this propitious occasion. Truly, Johnston, Company B, 17th Regt. Va. Vol's. P. S.--We are membe
enty-ninth regiment of Highlanders, New York State Militia, ordered on the special reconnaissance in the direction of Fall's Church, left camp at one o'clock A. M., Sept. 10, and proceeded to the place designated, through the various by-paths, withoen had been posted firing was heard in the direction of Lewinsville, and a body of cavalry came from the direction of Fall's Church, and when endeavoring to pass where we were posted our men were ordered to fire, which they did, causing the enemy toels of a secession cavalry picket, about fifty strong, which evacuated the village, and retreated in the direction of Fall's Church, without firing a shot upon the approach of our advance guard. After the arrival of our troops in Lewinsville, cavalseven hundred cavalry, two regiments of infantry, and four pieces of artillery, who were coming from the direction of Fall's Church. Little or no attention was paid to the enemy's advance, as the objects of the expedition had been accomplished, and
ite impenetrable from the blinding smoke. But a little labor saves this house for the time, although it does not seem likely long to escape. It is a shameful fact that, on Sunday afternoon, at least a score of houses in the neighborhood of Falls Church were wantonly destroyed by wandering mischief-doers from our camps. The whole air was red and black, by turns, with their flame and. smoke. Many residences of sound Union citizens were sacrificed with the rest. Through little by-lanes, the the object in setting fire to these buildings. Even under the very eyes and nose of authority, within twenty rods of the earthwork at Munson's Hill, the destruction was carried on, without any apparent objection. Our forces extend through Falls Church, beyond which no attempt to advance has been made. The old toll-gate keeper is still at his post, at the entrance of the village. He acknowledges that since Bull Run he has been a good secessionist, and that he now proposes to be a sound Uni
ness, standing where the enemy's bullets whistled all around them, and aiming their pieces in a calm and determined manner. It was with much reluctance they left the field. On our return, the enemy followed us at a respectful distance, firing upon our rear guard. Our men returned the fire, and the pursuit was abandoned. We returned on the Little River turnpike as far as Hughes' house, where we took the left-hand road leading to Mills' Cross Roads, and thence on the Fairfax road to Falls Church. When on this road, about a mile from Mills' cross roads, we were challenged by the advance guard of the Twentieth New York Volunteers, Colonel Pratt, who mistook us for rebel cavalry, as a lot of cavalry had been seen on the hill reconnoitring all day. The officers of the regiment showed a complete knowledge of their duty, and it would be well for the service if all our outposts would exercise the same vigilance. We met no further obstructions, and reached camp about five P. M., havi
ia press account. Langley's, Va., Dec. 21, 1861. The Pennsylvania reserve division, under the command of General McCall, occupies an extensive and rather pretty piece of country beyond Langley's church and tavern, the encampments stretching toward Lewinsville. It is the right wing of the great Potomac Division, and in the advance. The position it holds was the last point abandoned by the enemy, and was taken by Gen. McClellan immediately after the occupation of Munson's Hill and Falls Church. Northeastwardly from Centreville, and some miles from the Fairfax road, it is not directly menaced by the rebel forces at Manassas. Its position is an important one, however, for it secures the Chain Bridge, protects the Potomac, prevents a flanking movement from Leesburg, and, with Banks at Edwards' Ferry, and on guard from Seneca Falls to Harper's Ferry, saves Maryland from an invasion. The inside picket lines of our army are some distance from Langley's, and join those from the cen
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