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William Swinton, Campaigns of the Army of the Potomac, chapter 2 (search)
Bull Run at Sudley Spring, two miles above the point where the direct road from Centreville to Warrenton crosses Bull Run by the Stone Bridge. It was also found that this ford was unguarded by the e in line of battle. Colonel Evans, with his demi-brigade, had taken up a position west of the Warrenton road, almost at right angles to Bull Run, and considerably in advance of the ridge on which thd. This done, the whole advanced, and drove the enemy back across Young's Branch and over the Warrenton road and up the slopes on the other side. The Confederates went back in much disorder, and weforced back a mile and a half, and the Union force had cleared its front completely across the Warrenton road; the Stone Bridge was uncovered, and McDowell drew up his line on the crest gained, with iscipline, made a brief stand on the margin of the ridge, to allow the volunteers to reach the Warrenton road. But the troops were rapidly reaching that condition when it escapes the power of man to
William Swinton, Campaigns of the Army of the Potomac, chapter 3 (search)
of the forces for the protection of the national capital. To provide for the security of Washington was General McClellan's next care, and for this purpose he left behind a force of above seventy thousand men, with one hundred and nine pieces of light artillery. These troops were not, it is true, all concentrated at Washington, but they were all available for its defence. The troops left behind by General McClellan were as follows: In garrison and in front of Washington18,000 At Warrenton7,780 At Manassas10,859 In the Shenandoah Valley35,467 On the lower Potomac1,350 ______ In all73,456 Meantime, the task of collecting water transportation, and embarking the troops for the proposed expedition, was being pushed forward with the utmost energy. Unhappily, however, while every thing seemed to be under way, certain occurrences took place that marred the auspicious circumstances that should have attended the expedition. Upon the evacuation of Manassas, General McClel
William Swinton, Campaigns of the Army of the Potomac, V. Pope's campaign in Northern Virginia. August, 1862. (search)
finding that the Union commander covered the fords in force, he left Longstreet opposite these, to mask a turning movement by Jackson on Pope's right, by way of Warrenton. Lee's Report: Reports of the Army of Northern Virginia, vol. i., p. 19. Jackson accordingly ascended the Rappahannock by the south bank, and crossed the hea abandon the day before than to regain now. Jackson continued to hold his vantage-ground upon the highlands northwest of Groveton; and as he now commanded the Warrenton road, by which Lee was moving to join him, and had intelligence that his chief was close at hand, he had ceased to fear the result of an encounter with Pope. Jaetermined to remain and again try the issue of battle. To utilize Porter's corps, he drew it over from the isolated position it had held the previous day to the Warrenton road, on which he pivoted, disposing his line in the form of a V reversed—Reynolds' command forming the left leg, and Porter, Sigel, and Reno the right, with Hei
William Swinton, Campaigns of the Army of the Potomac, chapter 6 (search)
ac by a ponton-bridge at Berlin, five miles below Harper's Ferry. By the 2d November the entire army had crossed at that point. Advancing due southward towards Warrenton, he masked the movement by guarding the passes of the Blue Ridge, and by threatening to issue through these, he compelled Lee to retain Jackson in the Valley. With such success was this movement managed, that on reaching Warrenton on the 9th, while Lee had sent half of his army forward to Culpepper to oppose McClellan's advance in that direction, the other half was still west of the Blue Ridge, scattered up and down the Valley, and separated from the other moiety by at least two days marcons of the Confederate force; but this step he was prevented from taking by his sudden removal from the command of the Army of the Potomac, while on the march to Warrenton. Late on the night of November 7th, amidst a heavy snow-storm, General Buckingham, arriving post-haste from Washington, reached the tent of General McClellan at
William Swinton, Campaigns of the Army of the Potomac, chapter 7 (search)
l of the army. Upon assuming command of the army, General Burnside made at Warrenton a halt of ten days, during which time he endeavored to get the reins into histy presented by the scattered condition of Lee's forces when the army reached Warrenton. At that time the Confederate right, under Longstreet, was near Culpepper, aing into command of the army, drew up a plan of operations, which bears date, Warrenton, November 9, 1862, and is addressed to the general-in-chief. In this paper, and on the 15th of November, General Burnside put his columns in motion from Warrenton. In the march towards Fredericksburg, it was determined that the army shouldUnion army was now concentrated. At the time the army began its march from Warrenton, Longstreet's corps was at Culpepper Courthouse, and Jackson's corps (with thn, nothing can be imagined easier than for Lee, by a simple manoeuvre towards Warrenton, to have quickly recalled Burnside from his march towards Fredericksburg. Th
William Swinton, Campaigns of the Army of the Potomac, chapter 9 (search)
tiative, Hooker was fain to fall back on the interior line towards Washington, taking positions defensive as regards the capital, and which would enable him to await the development of Lee's designs. Upon learning the movement of the enemy into the Shenandoah Valley, Hooker, on the 13th, broke up his camps along the Rappahannock, and moved rapidly on the direct route towards Washington, following and covering the line of the Orange and Alexandria Railroad. The first move was to Bealton, Warrenton, and Catlett's Station, on the 13th and 14th; next to Fairfax Station and Manassas, on the 15th and 16th. Here he remained several days, while awaiting the disclosure of a series of movements which Lee was then making, and to the exposition of which I now return. When on the 13th Hill, holding the lines of Fredericksburg, saw the Union army disappear behind the Stafford hills, he knew that that for which he had remained behind was accomplished, and he then took up his line of march tow
William Swinton, Campaigns of the Army of the Potomac, chapter 10 (search)
ed by the van of the enemy advancing towards Warrenton, and was driven off after having been somewhrings by parallel routes to the west, struck Warrenton in the afternoon. Here he halted during theport. Lee's plan now was to advance from Warrenton in two columns—the left column (the corps ofon the evening of the 13th, when Lee reached Warrenton, Warren reached Auburn, distant only five mo, the fire coming from the direction of the Warrenton road. The source of this new attack will beme importance. While on the advance towards Warrenton, on the 19th, Kilpatrick's division skirmish of Hampton, Stuart fell back slowly towards Warrenton with the view of permitting Fitz Lee's cavalf the Potomac being pushed forward as far as Warrenton, General Meade was compelled to halt there tirst flank movement; and he delayed again at Warrenton, which baulked that of his second. But eveneade had held fast either at Culpepper or at Warrenton, Lee would not have ventured beyond those po[2 more...]
William Swinton, Campaigns of the Army of the Potomac, Index. (search)
an removed and Burnside appointed to command, 227; its change of base to Fredericksburg, 230; reorganized by Burnside into three grand divisions, 231; moves from Warrenton, 233; the battle of Fredericksburg, 238; mud march, 258; Hooker placed in command, 261; spirit of the officers under Burnside, 262; Chancellorsville campaign, 26; appointed to command Potomac army, 227; his opinion of his unfitness for the chief command, 230; change of base to Fredericksburg considered, 232; his delay at Warrenton to reorganize, 232; move to Fredericksburg, 233; intentions and plan of operations via Fredericksburg, 233; opinion on direct crossing at Fredericksburg, 237; deof Lee's plan of Harper's Ferry advance, 201; arrived at South Mountain, 202; at Antietam—see Antietam; his inactivity after Antietam considered, 222; advance on Warrenton, 226; removed from command in favor of Burnside, 227; the close of his career, 225; his military character considered, 228. McDougall, General, on positions d