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from doing more damage. Gregg's Yankee cavalry pursued, but did not overtake him. General Rosser was forced to swim Bull Run. His loss was very slight, if any. The enemy, while in pursuit, destroyed two tanneries and a lot of leather at Sperryville, Rappahannock County; also, two tanneries, a flour-mill and some government workshops at Luray, in Page County. They also committed many other excesses, including the taking away of negroes, and shot a confederate named Smedley, at Washington, Rappahannock County, after he had surrendered.--Richmond Papers. The rebel privateer Alabama captured the American ships Sonora and Highlander, both lying at anchor at a point about ten miles east of the North Sands light-ship, near Singapore, East-Indies. Captain Semmes ordered the captains of both ships on board the Alabama, examined their papers, and allowing them to take a small quantity of clothing, burned their ships, and sent them adrift in their boats without any water or provisions.
e existence, from which it were a kindness to relieve it by a well-directed shot. The forts on the right, taking Fort Page as the centre-piece of the works, were shrewdly located and admirably built, but poorly defended. One or more of them had not been used to any extent. Rifle-pits were abundant, and are more popular with the rebel engineers than with ours. They were, however, considerably exposed and used to little purpose. The forts were not unlike those of our construction near Washington, and were, as we learned from the contrabands and prisoners, built, like those at Yorktown, by the negroes, under the superintendence of overseers, some of whom, according to the contrabands, were cruel task-masters. Mention was made of one, who continually lashed the poor blacks, repeating a hundred times a day: Not a spadeful of earth shall be wasted. Most of the contrabands have worked upon the fortifications, and one cause of their rejoicing at the arrival of our army is, that they w
urphy,17452   Total,882014   88    Grand total,2102 In estimating the force of the enemy, I turn for a moment to the movement of the first division from Strasburgh to Winchester on the preceding day, the twenty-fourth, and my engagement with the enemy on the march, assured me of their presence in great force upon our right flank. The capture and destruction of Col. Kenly's command, first brigade, on the twenty-third, at Front Royal, while guarding our railroad communication with Washington, and the facts set forth in my report of my engagement on the twenty-fourth, tended to a conviction of the presence of a large force under Gen. Ewell in the valley of the Shenandoah. The union of Jackson with Johnson, composing an army larger by many thousands than the two small brigades, with some cavalry and sixteen pieces of artillery, which comprised the entire army corps of Gen. Banks, furnishes evidence justifying a belief of the intention of the enemy to cut us off, first from rein
doned. Col. Bailey was an officer of thorough military education, of clear and accurate mind, cool, determined and intrepid in the discharge of his duty, and promising, with riper years, to honor still more the profession to which he was devoted. About the same time also fell Major Van Valkenburg, of the First regiment New-York artillery, a brave and discreet and energetic officer. Under the circumstances, I think it my duty to add a few remarks with regard to my division. On leaving Washington, eight of the regiments were composed of raw troops. It has been the misfortune of the division, marching through the Peninsula, to be subjected to an ordeal which would have severely tried veteran troops. Furnished with scanty transportation, occupying sickly positions, exposed to the inclemency of the weather, at times without tents or blankets; illy supplied with rations and medical stores, the loss from sickness has been great, especially with the officers. Yet a party from my divis
with great patience. For seven days they had had skirmishing with the rebels and had taken over four hundred prisoners and liberated about thirty of Banks' men. After fourteen days of continued work the battle comes, and now what was the condition of our men? Of course they were not in the best. Many were sick-our force was weak. The division of Blenker, although strong in numbers, was nevertheless weak, for they had become so demoralized by their excesses on their various marches from Washington, that there was a lack of discipline, a thing indispensable to a good soldier. Under circumstances such as these, Gen. Fremont fought the battle of Cross Keys. Did it not require a man with a stout heart and steady hand? In spite of all untoward circumstances he gained much, and but for the misfortune on the left would have captured Gen. Jackson with both army and baggage. Do you ask why it is called Cross Keys? Well, there is, about the middle of the battle-ground, a store-house,
es, lemons, pine-apples, raisins, and other delicacies, rare in this section, secured from the spoils captured from the enemy, were brought to this city yesterday. Much praise is accorded Gen. Stuart by his command for his bravery and coolness, he being the first to plunge his horse into the Chickahominy in regaining this side, remarking, as he did so: There may be danger ahead, men, but I will see. Follow me. We learn that McClellan's telegraph communication with Fortress Monroe and Washington was cut by the cavalry, about three miles this side of the White House. The horses and mules captured from the enemy arrived in the city yesterday. The mules are fine-looking animals, and will be quite an acquisition to the transportation department. The prisoners taken were made to swim the Chickahominy, or a portion of them. In their circuit round, the cavalry came upon and burned several small Yankee camps and five or six sutlers' stores, one of them filled with coffee. The Feder
Court-House, from his last encampment, near Washington, the county-2seat of Rappahannock, having puthe rear or skedaddling. Since we reached Washington General Pope has telegraphed here that the een. McClellan and myself should be called to Washington and placed in command of all the operations wisdom. It was determined, before I left Washington to take the field in Virginia, that the unioions or have fallen back in the direction of Washington. Nor do I yet see what service cavalry coulampaign. headquarters army of Virginia, Washington, July 18, 1862. General orders, no. 5.--HReceived Aug. 21, 1862, from War Department, Washington. To Gen. Pope: I have telegraphed Gen. Bud Sulphur Springs. The forces arriving from Washington and Alexandria will be assembled, I think, oforces arriving at Fairfax Court-House, from Washington, together with those stationed at GermantownGeneral Schenck's report, (by his Aid.) Washington, September 17. General: I have the honor [40 more...]
diers, we have yet other work before us. Be ready. Strike hard and spare not. By order, A. N. Duffie, Colonel Commanding. Washington Star account. Washington, August 11, 1862. The editor of the Star, who was on a visit to his family at Culpeper Court-House at the time of the battle, gives the following account of it: On Friday morning last, Gen. Pope, staff, and escort reached Culpeper Court-House, from his last encampment, near Washington, the county-2seat of Rappahannock, having put the corps d'armee of Gen. Banks, encamped there, in motion, in the direction of Culpeper, and passing the encampment of Gen. Sigel, at Sperryville, twentyn the field, that instead of seeking thus to renew the engagement, the rebels were either seeking a new position in the rear or skedaddling. Since we reached Washington General Pope has telegraphed here that the engagement was not renewed yesterday afternoon; that the enemy have retired to a position two miles back, and that he
d, without delay, enter into a recognition of the government established in the western section of the State; and, 6th. Be it further Resolved, That we appeal to the Government, to extend a support and protection to us in this period of distress; and, 7th. Resolved, That a Committee of two be appointed to carry out the provisions of the sixth section of these resolutions. In accordance with the last resolution, Messrs. Clements and Collins were appointed a Committee to proceed to Washington and present a petition, which was read by the Secretary, and opened for signers. During the signing of the petition the band played National and other airs, to the great satisfaction of all present. On motion it was Resolved, That Government be requested to administer the oath to our city authorities, and in the event of refusal by them to subscribe to the same, that legal steps be taken to remove them. On motion the meeting adjourned, and, headed by the band, a large concourse
en. McClellan and myself should be called to Washington and placed in command of all the operations hose views, Major-Gen. Halleck was called to Washington and placed in general command. Many circumsld throw his whole force in the direction of Washington, it became my duty to resist his advance at any point. I telegraphed again and again to Washington, representing this movement of the enemy towh had been promised me from the direction of Washington, had made no considerable progress. Had FraAid-de-Camp. headquarters army of Virginia, Washington, July 10, 1862. General orders, No. 7.--T Aid-de-Camp. Headquarters army of Virginia, Washington, July 28, 1862.> General orders, No. 11.e, August 8, 1862. Major-General Halleck, Washington: One division of the enemy, Elzey's, crossedpossible, at Sulphur Springs, on the pike to Washington. I would suggest that all the forces being Received Aug. 22, 1862. From War Department, Washington, Aug. 22d, 1862--11 P. M. To Major-Genera[35 more...]
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