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tween the guards on opposite-banks of the stream, with more animosity, however, than decided effect. The enemy was still on our side of the Potomac at Lovettsville, and it was determined first to entice them into the interior, and then surround them, if possible. Scouts came in daily, correctly informing us of the position, number, and depredations of the enemy, but we were sorry to learn that the inhabitants of the surrounding country patronized them. The people of Lovettsville and Waterford were chiefly Pennsylvania Quakers, who had of late years settled there, and although their creed forbade warfare, they fought amazingly well with the tongue in favor of Unionism, and had on several occasions betrayed our men to the enemy. General Evans had warned them against harboring the foe, but they replied by concocting a plan to destroy all our cavalry in the neighborhood. An old broad-brimmed proprietor of an. antiquated hotel invited the captain of cavalry to halt and refresh his
merly encamped back of and below Occoquan, Va., evacuated that place, destroying everything they could not carry on their backs. The National troops took possession, and were welcomed by a part of the inhabitants with great joy. Every boat in the vicinity, and anything that would float, was destroyed. The rebels told the villagers they were going to fall back to the Rappahannock. Last night, Col. Geary left Lovettsville, Va., with his whole command, and marched through Wheatland and Waterford, taking prisoners at both places, and putting the scattered forces of the rebels to flight. Shortly after sunrise, this morning, he took possession of Fort Johnston at Leesburg, which was christened by the officers Fort Geary. He then entered the town, with flags flying and bayonets fixed. The rebel troops, who had thought this one of their greatest strongholds, could be discerned through a glass retreating. Gen. Hill, the rebel officer in command, fell back on Middleburg. The com
the expedition saved the Missouri towns and the western border from devastation, besides striking terror into the hearts of the enemy as far as the Arkansas line. Gen. Blunt's column returned to Fort Scott on the twenty-second, having marched nearly three hundred miles in six days. Col. Cloud was left to continue the pursuit, and it is not improbable that the main force of the rebels will be forced to surrender. A party of rebel cavalry, under the command of Captain White, entered Waterford, Va., early this morning, and captured a large portion of a company of National cavalry under Capt. Means. Capt. Means escaped.--The Nineteenth regiment of Maine volunteers, under the command of Col. Frederick D. Sewall, left Bath for the seat of war.--An enthusiastic war meeting was held at Boston, Mass., at which speeches were made by Gov. Andrew, Edward Everett, Robert C. Winthrop, Senator McDougal of California, and others.--Battle Creek, Ala., was evacuated by the Union army under Genera
m the headquarters of the Second brigade, Second cavalry division the following order. Colonel A. N. Duffie, First Rhode Island Cavalry: You will proceed with your regiment from Manassas Junction, by way of Thoroughfare Gap, to Middleburgh, there you will camp for the night and communicate with the headquarters of the Second cavalry brigade. From Middleburgh you will proceed to Union, thence to Snickersville; from Snickersville to Percyville, thence to Wheatland, and passing through Waterford to Nolan's Ferry, where you will join your brigade. In accordance with this order I left camp on the morning of the seventeenth instant with my regiment, two hundred and eighty strong, and proceeded to Thoroughfare Gap. At this place the enemy was met in force, and being much stronger than my command, I was obliged, in order to pass my regiment on to the Middleburgh road unseen, to make a demonstration on my left flank. This manoeuvre was successful; the enemy retired and I was enable
rove them into the rear guard of their infantry and cavalry, capturing two and wounding three. Nobody hurt on our side. I did not deem it prudent to attack their infantry and cavalry combined with my force, and returned to the neighborhood of Waterford, and camped for the night. On the morning of the fourteenth I started for Waterford, where I encountered Sam Means's force, some sixty men; we charged them and drove them through the town, killing one of their lieutenants and capturing theirWaterford, where I encountered Sam Means's force, some sixty men; we charged them and drove them through the town, killing one of their lieutenants and capturing their orderly sergeant and one private; both of whom, together with those already sent to Snickersville, making twenty-two in all, were sent to your headquarters for disposal. We pursued them about five miles in the direction of Point of Rocks. Learning that there was a force of about sixty cavalry in Poolesville, I determined to push forward to that place; sent my worst horses back; sent a squad of men to watch the enemy at Harper's Ferry; they charged the pickets, capturing twenty-six, which wer
e as to the movements of the enemy near Hedgesville, etc., was commenced on this day, and the 1st corps was already in motion for Berlin. On the 28th the 1st corps and the general headquarters reached Berlin. On the 29th the reserve artillery crossed and encamped near Lovettsville. Stoneman's division, temporarily attached to the 9th corps, occupied Leesburg; Averill's cavalry brigade moved towards Berlin from Hagerstown; two divisions of the 9th corps moved to Wheatland, and one to Waterford. The 2d corps commenced the passage of the Shenandoah at Harper's Ferry, and moved into the valley east of Loudon Heights. On the 30th the 1st corps crossed at Berlin and encamped near Lovettsville, and the 2d corps completed the passage of the Shenandoah. The 5th corps commenced its march from Sharpsburg to Harper's Ferry. On the 31st the 2d corps moved to the vicinity of Hillsborough; the 6th corps reached Boonsborough; the 5th corps reached Harper's Ferry, one division crossing
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 3. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), Report of General J. E. B. Stuart of cavalry operations on First Maryland campaign, from August 30th to September 18th, 1862. (search)
Leesburg to capture the party of marauders under Means which had so long infested that country and harassed the inhabitants. Colonel Munford reached the vicinity of Leesburg on the forenoon of the 2d, and learning that Means with his command was in the town, supported by three companies of the Maryland cavalry, on the Point of Rocks road, he made a circuit toward Edward's ferry, attacked from that direction, and succeeded, after a heavy skirmish, in routing and driving the enemy as far as Waterford, with a loss on their part of eleven killed, nine severely wounded, and forty-seven prisoners, including two captains and three lieutenants. Our own loss was Lieutenant Davis killed, and several officers and privates wounded. In this engagement, Edmund, a slave belonging to one of the men, charged with the regiment and shot Averhart, one of the most notorious ruffians of Means' party. The enemy's papers acknowledged that there entire force, of 150 men of the First Maryland and Means' co
George Meade, The Life and Letters of George Gordon Meade, Major-General United States Army (ed. George Gordon Meade), chapter 4 (search)
material interests destroyed if it can only secure its independence. The North, owing to the villainous system of paper money, the postponement of taxation and of the draft, has not yet realized the true condition of the country. camp near Waterford, Va., November 1, 1862. I intended to have written you a long letter to-day, but just as I was getting ready, the orders for us to move on arrived. We crossed the river day before yesterday, and reached this camp. Yesterday I was busy explorietween Leesburg and Winchester. We do not hear much about the enemy. Tell Sergeant Son of General Meade. to get you Lord's map of the state of Virginia, it gives a fair description and idea of localities. For instance, we are not far from Waterford now, and we expect to be near Hamilton to-night. camp near Purcellville, Va., November 3, 1862. We yesterday moved to this place, which for a time placed us in the advance, but to-day Burnside has gone ahead of us, and I presume to-morrow
Frederick H. Dyer, Compendium of the War of the Rebellion: Battles, Virginia, 1862 (search)
) Aug. 26: Action, Manassas JunctionNEW YORK--Battery "C" 1st Light Arty. Aug. 26: Capture of Manassas StationPENNSYL-VANIA--105th Infantry. Aug. 26: Skirmish, Bull Run BridgeNEW JERSEY--4th Infantry. OHIO--11th Infantry. Aug. 27: Skirmish, WaterfordVIRGINIA--Means' Cavalry Company. Aug. 27: Engagement, Bristoe Station, or Kettle RunMASSACHUSETTS--1st and 11th Infantry. NEW HAMPSHIRE--2d Infantry. NEW JERSEY--5th, 6th, 7th and 8th Infantry. NEW YORK--2d, 70th, 71st, 72d, 73d, 74th and 87thooters; 1st, 2d, 3d, 4th, 6th, 7th, 8th, 10th, 11th, 12th, 14th, 17th and 19th (Co. "G") Infantry. Union loss, 1,284 killed, 9,600 wounded, 7,769 captured and missing. Total, 12,653. Dec. 13: Skirmish, Leesburg(No Reports.) Dec. 14: Skirmish, Waterford(No Reports.) Dec. 17: Reconnoissance to Diascund Bridge(No Reports.) Dec. 17: Reconnoissance to Burnt OrdinaryPENNSYLVANIA--5th Cavalry. Dec. 19: Skirmish, Occoquan RiverNEW YORK--10th Cavalry (Detachment). PENNSYLVANIA--17th Cavalry. Dec.
Frederick H. Dyer, Compendium of the War of the Rebellion: Battles, Virginia, 1863 (search)
: Raid from Winchester through Hardy, Pendleton, Highland, Bath, Greenbrier and Pocahontas Counties, W. Va. (Averill's)ILLINOIS--16th Cavalry (Co. "C"). OHIO--3d Indpt. Cavalry Co. PENNSYLVANIA--14th Cavalry. WEST VIRGINIA--1st (Co. "A") and 3d (Detachment) Cavalry; Batteries "B" and "G," 1st Light Arty.; 2d, 3d and 8th Mounted Infantry. Aug. 6: Skirmish near Fairfax Court HouseILLINOIS--12th Cavalry (Detachment). Aug. 7: Affair, Burke's StationAttack on working party. Aug. 8: Skirmish, WaterfordCONNECTICUT--1st Cavalry. MICHIGAN--6th Cavalry (Detachments). Union loss, 50 missing. Aug. 9: Skirmish, Welford's FordMASSACHUSETTS--1st Cavalry. PENNSYLVANIA--1st Cavalry (Detachments). Union loss, 17 missing. Aug. 9: Skirmish, Brandy Station(No Reports.) Aug. 11: Affair, AnnandaleCapture of Union wagon train by Mosby. Aug. 11-19: Expedition from Portsmouth to Edenton, N. C.NEW YORK--7th Cavalry (1st Mounted Rifles). PENNSYLVANIA--11th Cavalry (Cos. "G," "I," "K"). Union loss, 1 kille
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