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on, marched along the James River, destroying the canal, while Custer pushed ahead on the railroad and broke it up. The two columns were to join at New Market, whence I intended to cross the James River at some point east of Lynchburg, if practicable, so as to make my way to Appomattox Court House, and destroy the Southside railroad as far east as Farmville. Owing to its swollen condition the river was unfordable, but knowing that there was a covered bridge at Duguids- Battlefield of Waynesboro, Va. ville, I hoped to secure it by a dash, and cross there, but the enemy, anticipating this, had filled the bridge with inflammable material, and just as our troops got within striking distance it burst into flames. The bridge at Hardwicksville also having been burned by the enemy, there was now no means of crossing except by pontoons, but, unfortunately, I had only eight of these, and they could not be made to span the swollen river. Being thus unable to cross until the river should
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. Volume 4., The battle of New Market, Va., May 15th, 1864. (search)
brigade led by Brigadier-General R. B. Hayes, afterward President of the United States, bore a most conspicuous part, that wing was doubled up by a flank attack, Jones was killed, and we were disastrously beaten. Our loss was not less than fifteen hundred men. Our defeat opened the way to Hunter to effect a junction with Crook and Averell at Staunton on the 6th. Their combined forces numbered about 18,000 men of all arms. Vaughn and I fell back in good order, and on the 6th occupied Waynesboro‘, eleven miles east of Staunton, and the neighboring (Rockfish) gap in the Blue Ridge, where the Chesapeake and Ohio Railroad passes through the mountain. Hunter remained two or three days at Staunton resting his troops and burning both public and private property, especially the latter. On hearing of our defeat General Lee again sent Breckinridge to our aid. He brought but few troops, and with these occupied the defensive position of Rockfish Gap, thus interposing a barrier to Hunter
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. Volume 4., chapter 10.75 (search)
t. After the pursuit had ceased I received another dispatch from him, submitting it to my judgment whether the condition of my troops would permit the expedition across the Potomac to be carried out, and I determined to take the responsibility of continuing it. On the 23d the march was resumed, and we reached Buchanan that night. On the 26th I reached Staunton in advance of the troops, and the latter came up next day, which was spent in reducing transportation and getting provisions from Waynesboro‘. The official reports at this place showed about two thousand mounted men for duty in the cavalry, which was composed of four small brigades, to wit: Imboden's, McCausland's, Jackson's, and Jones's (now Johnson's). The official reports of the infantry showed ten thousand muskets for duty, including Vaughn's dismounted cavalry. Besides Breckinridge's own infantry division, under Elzey (now under Vaughn, afterward under Echols), Gordon's division of the Second Corps was assigned to General
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. Volume 4., Sheridan in the Shenandoah Valley. (search)
ible to the The rear-guard-general Custer's division retiring from Mount Jackson, October 7, 1864. from a War-time sketch. Central Railway. After proceeding to Staunton and destroying immense quantities of army stores, Torbert moved to Waynesboro‘, destroying the railway track, and after burning the railway bridges toward the Blue Ridge, and on being threatened by Early's forces, which had moved thither to attack him, he retired to Bridgewater. Naturally a question now arose between winter, under myself, as chief-of-cavalry. The march to Staunton was made without noticeable Brigadier-General Bradley T. Johnson, C. S. A. From a photograph. opposition. On the morning of March 2d Early was found posted on a ridge west of Waynesboro‘. The veteran soldier was full of pluck and made a bold front for a fight, but his troops were overcome, almost without even perfunctory resistance, by the advance regiments of the column, and Early, with a few general officers, barely escaped
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. Volume 4., chapter 10.78 (search)
y. There was likewise heavy skirmishing on my front on the 26th with the enemy's cavalry, which made two efforts to advance toward Brown's Gap, both of which were repulsed after brisk fighting in which artillery was used. Thence I moved for Waynesboro' and Rockfish Gap, where the enemy was engaged in destroying the railroad bridge and tunnel, and Wickham drove the enemy's working parties from Waynesboro‘. On the 1st of October I moved my whole force across the country to Mount Sidney on the Waynesboro‘. On the 1st of October I moved my whole force across the country to Mount Sidney on the valley pike. Grant says that, after the fight at Fisher's Hill, Sheridan pursued him [Early] with great energy through Harrisonburg, Staunton, and the gaps of the Blue Ridge. I did not leave the valley at all. Had Sheridan moved his infantry to Port Republic, I would have been compelled to retire through Brown's Gap, to get provisions and forage, and it would have been impossible for me to return to the valley until he evacuated the upper part of it.--J. A. E. On the 5th Rosser's brigade ar
; his gunboats advance near charleston, 460; failure of his attack on Fort McAllister, 463-4; his partiality to deck-fighting, 472. Duryea, Gen., at South Mountain, 198. Duvall's Bluff, 555. E. Early, Gen. Jubal A., charges at Cedar Mountain — is forced to fall back, 177; commands Jackson's division at Antietam, 206; at Gettysburg, 380 to 387; menaces Washington — is repulsed, 605; he surprises Crook at Cedar Creek, 613; Sheridan routs him at Cedar Creek, 614-5; again routed at Waynesboro, 727. East Point, Ga. Sherman's operations at, 636. Ector, Brig.-Gen., at Chickamauga, 417. eddy, Col., Killed at Iuka, 224. Edisto Island, occupied by Sherman, 460. Edisto river, Sherman's army crosses the, 698. Egan, Col., his gallantry, 188. Elder's battery, at Olustee, 531. Eldridge, Col., 127th Ill., at Vicksburg, 310. Emancipation, views of distinguished statesmen and generals on Slavery, 232 to 256; proclamations of President Lincoln, 253-5; proclamation o
lphur Springs Buckland's Mills Stevensburg Mine Run Averell's Raid Barnett's Ford Kilpatrick's Raid Kautz‘ Raid Parker's Store Todd's Tavern North Anna Yellow Tavern Meadow Bridge Milford Station Hawes' Shop Hanover Court House Ashland old Church Cold Harbor Trevilian Station St. Mary's Church White House Landing Nottoway Court House Stony Creek Wilson's Raid Ream's Station Staunton Bridge Moorefield Luray White Post Smithfield Berryville Opequon Woodstock Waynesboro New Market Tom's Brook Cedar Creek Hatcher's Run Newtown Rood's Hill Darbytown Road Bellefield Sheridan's Raid Mount Crawford Dinwiddie Court House five Forks Amelia Springs Sailor's Creek Clover Hill Appomattox. This list covers only the more important of the numerous battles in which the Cavalry of the Army of the Potomac were engaged. It would be almost impossible to enumerate all the minor actions and affairs in which it participated, as not a day passed but, somewh
ov. 11, 1864 1 Gettysburg, July 3, 1863 17 Salem Church, June 3, 1864 3 Cedar Springs, Nov. 12, 1864 4 Cashtown, July 5, 1863 1 In action, June 12, 1864 1 Waynesboro, Mch. 2, 1865 1 Hagerstown, July 6, 1863 8 White Oak Swamp, June 14, 1864 1 Petersburg, April 3, 1865 2 Boonsboro, July 9, 1863 2 Malvern Hill, June 15, 11862 6 Robinson's Ford, Va., Sept. 16, 1863 1 Shepherdstown, Va., Aug. 25, 1864 3 Rapidan Station, Va., Aug. 18, 1862 1 White's Ford, Va., Sept. 22, 1863 3 Waynesboro, Va., Sept. 2, 1864 1 Rappahannock, Va., Aug. 20, 1862 2 Hazel River, Va., Oct. 6, 1863 1 Opequon, Va., Sept. 19, 1864 3 Thoroughfare Gap, Va., Aug. 28, ‘62 , Va., Nov. 14, 1862 1 Barnet's Ford, Va., Feb. 6, 1864 2 Middletown, Va., Nov. 12, 1864 1 Dumfries, Va., March 2, 1863 1 Todd's Tavern, Va., May 5, 1864 2 Waynesboro, Va., March 2, 1865 1 Independence, Va., March 4, 1863 2 Todd's Tavern, Va., May 7, 1864 1 Ashland, Va., March 15, 1865 1 Beverly Ford, Va., June 9, 1863 17
nded, 100 missing. September 29, 1864 and Oct. 1, 1864: Arthur's swamp, Va. Union, Gregg's Cav.; Confed., Hampton's Cav. Losses: Union, 60 wounded, 100 missing; Confed. No record found. October, 1864. October 2, 1864: Waynesboro, Va. Union, portion of Custer's and Merritt's Cav.; Confed., Gen. Early's command. Losses: Union, 50 killed and wounded. October 2, 1864: Saltville, Va. Union, 11th and 13th Ky. Cav., 12th Ohio, 11th Mich., 5th and 6th U. S. Co to march 25: Cavalry raid in Virginia. Union, First and Third divisions of Sheridan's Cav.; Confed., Gen. Jubal Early's command. Losses: Union, 35 killed and wounded; Confed., 1667 prisoners. March, 1865. March 2, 1865: Waynesboro, Va. Union, Sheridan's Cavalry Corps. Confed., Maj.-Gen. Jubal Early's command, Rosser's Cav. Signs of peace. Never again to be used by brother against brother, these Confederate guns captured in the defenses about Richmond are p
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 9. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), Summer campaign of 1863-report of General W. E. Jones. (search)
United States regiments, just flushed with victory. The fruits were many killed and wounded, among the latter Major Starr, commanding, and one hundred and eighty-four (184) prisoners taken. It is believed in open country a bold charge of cavalry will in all cases whip a line of skirmishers, and such attacks would soon reduce the Federal cavalry to its former relative standing. The evening of the 4th of July, when it was reported the enemy were advancing in force on the Emmettsburg and Waynesboro road, I saw that General Ewell's train, then on its way to Williamsport, was in danger and asked to go with my command to its protection. I was allowed the Sixth and Seventh regiments and Chew's battery, but the Seventh was afterwards ordered back and Colonel Ferrabee's regiment (Fifty-ninth North Carolina) allowed to take its place, the latter being then on this road. This narrow and difficult way, rendered doubly so by heavy rain just fallen, was so blocked by wagons as to render it wh
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