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he people of Western Virginia were united against us, it would be almost impossible for our army to advance. In many places the creek on one side, and the perpendicular banks on the other, leave a strip barely wide enough for a wagon road. Buckhannon, twenty miles in advance of us, is said to be in the hands of the secession troops. To-morrow, or the day after, if they do not leave, a battle will take place. Our men appear eager for the fray, and I pray they may be as successful in the fight as they are anxious for one. June, 29 It is half-past 8 o'clock, and we are still but eight miles from Clarksburg. We were informed this morning that the secession troops had left Buckhannon, and fallen back to their fortifications at Laurel Hill and Rich mountain. It is said General McClellan will be here to-morrow, and take command of the forces in person. In enumerating the troops in this vicinity, I omitted to mention Colonel Robert McCook's Dutch regiment, which is in camp t
July, 1861. July, 2 Reached Buckhannon at 5 P. M., and encamped beside the Fourth Ohio, in a meadow, one mile from town. The country through which we marched is exceedingly hilly; or, perhapcco at a dime a bagfull. July, 4 The Fourth has passed off quietly in the little town of Buckhannon and in camp. At ten o'clock the Third and Fourth Regiments were reviewed by General McClel I apprehend the first great battle will be fought in Western Virginia. I ate breakfast in Buckhannon at six o'clock A. M., and now, at six o'clock P. M. am awaiting my second meal. The boys, undred secessionists, under O. Jennings Wise. Our men, misapprehending the statement, thought Buckhannon had been attacked, and were in a great state of excitement. The officers of General Schleias nothing left for them to do but to take up arms and defend themselves. While we were at Buckhannon, an old farmerlooking man visited us daily, bringing tobacco, cornbread, and cucumber pickles.
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War: The Opening Battles. Volume 1., McClellan in West Virginia. (search)
the brigadiers being General W. S. Rosecrans, U. S. A., General Newton Schleich, of Ohio, and Colonel Robert L. McCook, of Ohio. On the date of his proclamation McClellan intended, as he informed General Scott, to move his principal column to Buckhannon on June 25th, and thence at once upon Beverly; but delays occurred, and it was not till July 2d that he reached Buckhannon, which is 24 miles west of Beverly, on the Parkersburg branch Brigadier-General Thomas A. Morris. From a photograph. Buckhannon, which is 24 miles west of Beverly, on the Parkersburg branch Brigadier-General Thomas A. Morris. From a photograph. of the turnpike. Before leaving Grafton the rumors he heard had made him estimate Garnett's force at 6000 or 7000 men, of which the larger part were at Laurel Mountain in front of General Morris. On the 6th of July he moved McCook with two regiments to Middle Fork Bridge, about half-way to Beverly, and on the same day ordered Morris to march with his brigade from Philippi to a position one and a half miles in front of Garnett's principal camp, which was promptly done. Three days later, McCle
Fitzhugh Lee, General Lee, Chapter 6: the campaign in West Virginia. (search)
ne thing — that you will not find foemen worthy of your steel. He had evidently been reading some of the proclamations of a great master of war, and attempted to follow his style. The attention of the public was drawn to this Napoleonic imitation, for about that time he received the appellation of the Young Napoleon, and was so called after he had been brought from West Virginia to the command of the Army of the Potomac. The headquarters of the Department of the Ohio were established at Buckhannon, and from this point McClellan determined to attack the force on Rich Mountain, and advanced and deployed in front of the opposing army, which he found strongly intrenched. He promptly resorted to the only method left in military operations in the mountains, and decided to turn their flank and rear, which General Rosecrans successfully did with four regiments. The troops at this point were a portion of Garnett's force under Lieutenant-Colonel John Pegram. Beverly was occupied by the Fed
John G. Nicolay, The Outbreak of Rebellion, Chapter 12: West Virginia. (search)
, in which Beverly is situated. The turnpike from Staunton to Beverly is the central and principal mountain route within a long distance, both to the north and to the south. From Beverly northwestward the turnpike branches, one line going to Buckhannon through a pass over Rich Mountain, the other going to Philippi through a pass in the same range, but which is there named Laurel Hill, the latter being some seventeen miles farther north. I regard these two passes, wrote Garnett, as the gates s. directed him to take an advanced position within two miles of the enemy's works at Laurel Hill, to give an impression that he intended the main attack, and to be ready to pursue, should they retreat. Meanwhile McClellan himself moved to Buckhannon with some seven regiments, with the design of turning the enemy's position on Rich Mountain. On the evening of July 9th he pushed forward to Roaring Creek, two miles from Pegram's entrenched camp. A reconnoissance on the 10th showed the enemy
John G. Nicolay, The Outbreak of Rebellion, Index. (search)
hern electoral votes cast for, 4, 8 Breckinridge party, character of, 8 Brown, John, 158 Brown, Governor, of Georgia, 12 Brown, Mayor, of Baltimore, 86, 89 et seq. Buchanan, James, President, character of, 17 et seq., Southern sympathy of, 18; his message to Congress, 19, 23 et seq.; interview with the South Carolina Commissioners, 28, 30, 31; correspondence with the Washington Cabal, 37; justifies the revolution of the South, 69; his Union sentiment as expresident, 76 Buckhannon, 147 Buckner, Simon B., 130, 132, 135 Bull Run, 133; position and course of, 176; battle of, 181 et seq.; its effects, 206, 208 Burnside, General A. E., 174 Bunker Hill, Va., 163 Butler, General B. F., 92 et seq., 108 C. Cabinet, decision of, with regard to Fort Sumter, 51 Cadwalader, General, 157 Cairo, 128, 132, 134 Campbell, Justice, 54; his treachery, 35, 57, 69 Carrick's Ford, 152 et seq. Case, General, Secretary of State, 24; resigns, 26; support
ing off, but a complete blotting out. Almost every person who has erased his name says that his signature was obtained under false pretences. One or two say that they were informed that it was a petition to the Common Council for an appropriation for the Central Park, and that it would afford an opportunity for the employment of laborers now out of work! The story that some one (meaning Mr. Guion) had commenced a suit for the arrest of Superintendent Kennedy and Mr. J. B. Taylor, for false imprisonment may be stated in brief: An application was made to Judge Leonard for an order to arrest these gentlemen, and the Judge promptly refused.--N. Y. Evening Post, July 6. Forty-five men of the Third Ohio regiment fell in with an ambuscade of several hundred rebels at Middle Fork Bridge, twelve miles east of Buckhannon, Va. Being surrounded they fought desperately for some time, then cut their way through the enemy and retired, losing only one man and having some wounded.--(Doc. 71.)
battle was fought this afternoon at Rich Mountain, Rich Mountain is a gap in the Laurel Hill Range where the Staunton and Weston turnpike crosses it between Buckhannon and Baverly, and about four or five miles out of the latter place. It is about as far from Laurel Hill proper, (that is, where the Beverly and Fairmount pike crosses it, and where the enemy is intrenched,) as Beverly is: some 15 or 16 miles. It is also about 25 miles from Buckhannon.--Wheeling Intelligencer. about two miles east of Roaring Run, Va., where the rebels, numbering about two thousand, under command of Col. Pegram, were strongly intrenched. About 3 o'clock this morning Ge The rebels, about 2,500 strong, with heavy earthwork batteries, were intrenched on the western slopes of the Rich Mountain, about twenty-five miles east from Buckhannon, and two miles west from Beverly, which is on the east side of the mountain. They had selected the forks of the Roaring Creek, which empties after a northerly
A severe fight took place at Bolivar, Tenn., between a body of Union troops, under the command of Col. Leggett, Seventy-eighth Ohio, and a greatly superior force of rebels, under Gen. Armstrong, resulting, after a contest which lasted for more than seven hours, in a rout of the rebels, with great loss. The loss of the Nationals in this engagement was five killed, among whom was Lieut.-Col. Hogg, of the Second Illinois cavalry, eighteen wounded, and sixty-four missing.--(Doc. 195.) Buckhannon, Va., was this day entered by a force of rebel guerrillas, and plundered of a large amount of military stores, fire-arms, ammunition, etc. Private property was respected. Before entering the town a skirmish took place between the loyal inhabitants and the rebels, but the latter being superior in numbers, the Unionists had to give way.--Wheeling Intelligencer, Sept. 4. On the twenty-seventh June last, the rebel Governor, Letcher, of Virginia, issued a proclamation, calling upon the Stat
in, until, at five o'clock, nine freight-cars were despatched, accompanied by six surgeons, for Washton.--(Doc. 197.) The railway-guard at Medon Station, on the Mississippi Central Railroad, Tenn., was attacked by a superior force of rebel cavalry belonging to General Armstrong's command, but were met by such determined resistance that they retreated, suffering great loss.--(Doc. 198.) Yesterday and to-day great excitement existed in Wheeling, Va., caused by the intelligence that Buckhannon had been captured, and that Weston and Clarksburgh were threatened by strong forces of rebel guerrillas. To-day a militia regiment left for Clarksburgh to reenforce the garrison already there.--Wheeling Intelligencer, September 1. William A. Hammond, Surgeon-General of the army, issued the following to the loyal women and children of the United States: The supply of lint in the market is nearly exhausted. The brave men wounded in defence of their country will soon be in want of it.
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