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Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War: The Opening Battles. Volume 1., McClellan in West Virginia. (search)
the valley, but beyond was a hundred miles of wilderness and half a dozen mountain ridges on which little, if any, food could be found for his men. He called a council of war, and, by advice of his officers, sent to McClellan, at Beverly, an offer of surrender. This was received on the 13th, and Pegram brought in 30 officers and 525 men. McClellan then moved southward himself, following the Staunton road, by which the remnant of Pegram's little force had escaped, and on the 14th occupied Huttonsville. Two regiments of Confederate troops were hastening from Staunton to reenforce Garnett. These were halted at Monterey, east of the principal ridge of the Alleghanies, and upon them the retreating forces rallied. Brigadier-General H. R, Jackson was assigned to command in Garnett's place, and both Governor Letcher and General Lee made strenuous efforts to increase this army to a force sufficient to resume aggressive operations. On McClellan's part nothing further was attempted, till, o
Fitzhugh Lee, General Lee, Chapter 6: the campaign in West Virginia. (search)
Loring's purpose to attempt a movement on Reynolds's rear. This officer occupied, with two thousand men, Cheat Mountain pass, through which the Staunton and Parkersburg pike passed, and had three thousand men in Tygart's Valley on the road to Huttonsville, with a reserve at Huttonsville, so he could re-enforce his troops on the Staunton road, or on the Valley Mountain road, as necessary. Loring, with thirtyfive hundred effective troops, was in front of him on the latter, while General H. R. JaHuttonsville, so he could re-enforce his troops on the Staunton road, or on the Valley Mountain road, as necessary. Loring, with thirtyfive hundred effective troops, was in front of him on the latter, while General H. R. Jackson, with twenty-five hundred men, opposed him on the Staunton road. The natural topographical features, supplemented by artificial means, rendered his position very strong on both. General Lee promptly took the offensive by threatening his front, while a column should proceed, if possible, around one of his flanks and assault his rear — a plan similar to that adopted by McClellan at Rich Mountain. The greatest difficulty in a campaign of this description is to discover suitable routes o
John G. Nicolay, The Outbreak of Rebellion, Chapter 12: West Virginia. (search)
o the northwestern country. Here, then, he proposed to fortify himself, to forage on the country beyond, and to leisurely watch his chance of breaking the railroad. His circumstances were not the most favorable. The troops which he found at Huttonsville on his arrival were in a miserable condition as to arms, clothing, equipments, instruction, and discipline. The Union men, he also wrote, are greatly in the ascendancy here, and are much more zealous and active in their cause than the Secessirge political and military results. They closed a campaign, dispersed a rebel army, recovered a disputed State, permanently pushed back the military frontier. They enabled McClellan to send a laconic telegram, combining in one report Huttonsville, Va., July 14, 1861. Colonel Townsend: Garnett and forces routed; his baggage and one gun taken: his army demoral-ized; Garnett killed. We have annihilated the enemy in Western Virginia, and have lost thirteen killed, and not more than forty
John G. Nicolay, The Outbreak of Rebellion, Index. (search)
rrisburg, 100 Hayne, I. W., 35, 37 Heintzelman, General S. P., commands Third Division on advance to Manassas, 174 Henry House, the, 187 Hickman, Ky., 134 Hicks, Governor, 83, 88 et seq., 94 Houston, Governor, his scheme of independent sovereignty for Texas, 13; deposed from office, 14 Holt, Secretary, 33, 37, 84 Howard, General O. O., 174 Hughes, Archbishop, 76 Hunter, General, David, commands Second Division, 174 Hunter, R. M. T., U. S. Sen.,Va., 25 Huttonsville, 147 I. Illinois, 127 Imboden, General, 185 Indiana, 127; volunteers, 128 Iverson, Secretary, 12 J. Jackson, Camp, 117; captured by General Lyon, 118 et seq. Jackson, Fort, 79 Jackson, General T. J. ( Stonewall ), 187 Jackson, Governor, 115 et seq., 119, 121 et seq., 124 Jackson, murderer of Ellsworth, 113 Jefferson City, 123 Jefferson, Fort, on Tortugas Island, 16 Johnston, General Joseph E, resigns from Federal army, 108; in command at Harper
Washington, Mr. Vallandigham, of Ohio, offered a preamble and resolution, declaring vacant the seats of such members as have accepted commands in the militia of their several States, which occasioned a lively passage of words between various representatives, when the matter was tabled by ninety-two votes to fifty-one. Colonel Pegram, the commander of the rebel forces, near Beverly, Virginia, surrendered to General McClellan. This morning he sent a messenger to the Federal camp at Huttonsville, Va., stating that he, with six hundred men, would surrender as prisoners of war. They were nearly starved, and as Gen. Garnett was flying from Laurel Hill, to which point he was flying, he had no chance to escape. Gen. McClellan required an unconditional surrender. To this Col. Pegram was obliged to submit, and, with his whole force, was disarmed and marched into Beverly. Lieut.-Col. Cantwell, with a part of the Ohio Fourth Regiment, received their arms and took them in charge. His army
t offices in the Government will be counted next day.--New York Tribune, November 18. One hundred and twenty Federal troops, under Capt. Shields, were captured by the rebels near Little Santa Fe, Mo., this morning. The Federals were on their way to join Gen. Fremont's column. The force of the enemy was five hundred men.--N. Y. World, Nov. 8. The Thirteenth Indiana regiment, under the command of Col. J. J. Sullivan, and a portion of Capt. Robinson's Ohio Cavalry, returned to Huttonsville, Va., from an arduous scout of nine days duration through a very rough country, heretofore not penetrated by the Union troops. They accomplished a march of some one hundred and eighty-five miles, and had a successful skirmish with the rebels in the mountains of Webster County. Several were killed and wounded, and thirteen prisoners captured, the notorious Bill Bennet being among the latter. The Nationals were very fortunate, having only one man, a private in Company G, Thirteenth India
January 4. Huntersville, a depot for rebel supplies in the mountains, between Huttonsville and Warm Springs, Va., was attacked by the National troops, and all the supplies there were captured and destroyed. The National troops engaged were detachments of the Fifth Ohio, the Second Virginia, and Bradsin's Cavalry — some seven hundred and forty in all. The rebels had four hundred cavalry and three hundred and fifty infantry. Two miles from Huntersville, the National troops were met by the rebel cavalry, who were driven from point to point, and at last the whole rebel force beat a hasty retreat from the town as the Nationals charged through it.--(Doc. 4.) All the Kentucky banks, located where rebel domination prevails, were consolidated under Henry J. Lyons, formerly of Louisville, as President, who had authority to run them for the Southern Confederacy.--Louisville Journal, January 4. Judge Hemphill, ex-Senator in the Congress of the United States, and afterwards a mem
is in Tygert Valley, cast of Rich Mountain — was garrisoned by about one thousand Virginia loyalists, under Colonel Latham. The town is approached by two roads, known as the Buckhannon and Philippa pikes, from the west and north-west, and the Huttonsville road from the south. The enemy came in on the Huttonsville road, and when near the town, a part passed to the left flank and occupied the road leading to Buckhannon, thus cutting off all communication between Colonel Latham and General RobertHuttonsville road, and when near the town, a part passed to the left flank and occupied the road leading to Buckhannon, thus cutting off all communication between Colonel Latham and General Roberts. The fight commenced about two o'clock in the afternoon, and lasted until night, when Colonel Latham, finding himself unable to maintain his position against such a superior force, determined to withdraw by way of the Philippa road. He succeeded in with-drawing his command, including his two small field-pieces and all his supplies, although he was followed by the enemy, in strong force, over eight miles on the road. The ship Oncida was captured and destroyed, in lat. 1° 40′ south, long.
Doc. 157.-battle at White Sulphur Springs, Virginia. Report of General Averill. Huttonsville, Va., Aug. 30, 1863. General: I have the honor to report the safe return of my command to this place, after an expedition through the counties of Hardy, Pendleton, Highland, Bath, Greenbrier, and Pocahontas. We drove General Jackson out of Pocahontas and over the Warm Spring Mountain, in a series of skirmishes, destroyed their saltpetre works, burned Camp Northwest and a large amount of arms, equipments, and stores. We fought a severe engagement with a superior force, under command of Major-General Sam Jones and Colonel Patten, at Rocky Gap, near the White Sulphur Springs. The battle lasted during two days. We drove the enemy from his first position, but want of ammunition, and the arrival, on the second day, of three regiments to reenforce the enemy, from the direction whence the cooperation of General Scammon had been promised, decided me to withdraw. My command was withdra
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 1., Chapter 22: the War on the Potomac and in Western Virginia. (search)
and many wagons — and in light marching order pushed on toward Beverly, hoping to pass it before McClellan could reach it, and so escape over the mountains by Huttonsville, toward Staunton. He was too late. McClellan had moved rapidly on Beverly, and fugitives from Pegram's camp informed him that his advance was already there. lle, he plunged into the wild mountain regions of the Cheat Range, taking with him only one cannon. His reserves at Beverly fled over the mountains, by way of Huttonsville, as far as Monterey, in Highland County, and the re-enforcements that had been sent to Pegram, as we have observed, scattered over the Laurel Hill Range. Rosements were posted at important points along the eastern slopes of the Alleghanies. On the 19th, July, 1861. McClellan issued an address to his troops, from Huttonsville, telling them that he was more than satisfied with their conduct; that they had annihilated two armies well intrenched among mountain fastnesses; recounted the
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