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elp ourselves. Kelly and Roddy to hospital at Winchester; Yanks said to be just ahead of us; look sharp for to-morrow. July 26--Clear. Started at 6 through Martinsburg on to Baltimore and Ohio Railroad; encamped to cook two miles east of town; are now playing smash with the railroad. Our cavalry have hard and continuous fighter ; again we have to get from the Yankees; I wish this raid was through with. August 7.--Daylight; shoes drawn; 5 A. M., marched in rear; awful hot; through Martinsburg to Darksville; encamped; much tired; Russell sick; bought tobacco; rations too scanty for the severe duty we are doing. August 8.--Clear; Tennessee officers he wells guarded, compelling us to drink creek-water. You'll think of this, soldiers, when this cruel war is over ; it is not the first time it has been done. Martinsburg — brought flour from brick mill at night back to camp and cooked. August 11.--Called at 8 A. M. Marched to near Winchester and placed in line of battle. Mus
rs issued immediately after the ascertainment of the result of the Red river expedition. The garrisons of Baltimore and Washington were at this time made up of heavy artillery regiments, hundred-days' men, and detachments from the Invalid Corps. One division under command of General Ricketts, of the Sixth corps, was sent to Baltimore, and the remaining two divisions of the Sixth corps, under General Wright, were subsequently sent to Washington. On the third of July the enemy approached Martinsburg; General Sigel, who was in command of our forces there, retreated across the Potomac at Sheppardstown; and General Weber, commanding at Harper's Ferry, crossed the river, and occupied Maryland Heights. On the sixth the enemy occupied Hagerstown, moving a strong column toward Frederick City. General Wallace with Ricketts' division and his own command, the latter mostly new and undisciplined troops, pushed out from Baltimore with great promptness, and met the enemy in force on the Monocacy
n person, took command of the forces collected at Martinsburg, about eight thousand five hundred men of all armimore and Ohio railroad, made his headquarters at Martinsburg. It was determined to resume the movement on S there were overtaken by a supply train sent from Martinsburg, containing commissary stores, clothing, and ammuhe information that Early had driven Sigel out of Martinsburg, and occupied the line of the Baltimore and Ohio verell, with a portion of their commands, were in Martinsburg. General Wright with the Sixth corps, and Generaemy on flank. Averell was ordered to move from Martinsburg upon Winchester. On the twentieth Colonel Hays r supposed to be lying along the turnpike, between Martinsburg and Winchester; his main force at Bunker Hill. It was proposed to attack him between Martinsburg and Bunker Hill, thus cuting his army in two. On Saturday, umberland ; Early's main body still lying between Martinsburg and Winchester; small foraging parties of rebels
Rebellion Record: a Diary of American Events: Documents and Narratives, Volume 11. (ed. Frank Moore), Doc. 93. the burning of Chambersburg. (search)
Doc. 93. the burning of Chambersburg. Chambersburg, August 24, 1864. The defeat of Crook and Averell near Winchester, when pursuing the retreating rebels, was the first intimation given the border of another invasion; and even then little danger was apprehended, as Hunter's army was known to have been brought to Martinsburg, and rested and reorganized, and the Sixth and Nineteenth corps were also known to be on the line of the Potomac. On Wednesday the twenty-seventh ultimo, it was known at headquarters here that our entire force was north of the Potomac, and the line from Hancock to Harper's ferry was well picketed. General Couch had no troops — not even an organized battalion on the border. He had organized six or seven regiments of one hundred days men; but as fast as they were officered and armed they were forwarded to Washington, in obedience to orders from the authorities. He was left, therefore, with no force whatever to defend the border. The national authoritie
of Monocacy, fought ninth July last. The informal report telegraphed Major-General Halleck from Ellicott's Mills, during the retreat, is appended hereto, and will serve to make the record complete. The situation in the department of West Virginia about the beginning of July was very uncertain. Major-General Hunter had retreated westwardly from Lynchburg, leaving open the Shenandoah Valley, up which a column of rebels of unknown strength had marched, and thrown General Sigel back from Martinsburg to Williamsport, thence down the left bank of the Potomac to Maryland Heights, where, with his command, he was supposed to be besieged. The strength of the invading column, by whom it was commanded, what its objects were, the means provided to repel it — everything, in fact, connected with it — were on my part purely conjectural. All that I was certain of was that my own department was seriously threatened. July fifth, information was brought to my headquarters in Baltimore that a co
dvance against the enemy, who then occupied Martinsburg, Williamsport, and Shepardstown, sending oce chains being south-west. The valley at Martinsburg is about sixty miles broad, at Winchester fell crossed at Williamsport and advanced to Martinsburg. On the same day two divisions of the enem On the third, Averell, who had returned to Martinsburg, advanced on Bunker Hill, attacked McCauslamber, that Early had moved two divisions to Martinsburg, I changed this programme, and determined te o'clock M. I returned by special train to Martinsburg, arriving on the morning of the eighteenth or, who were killed while on their way from Martinsburg to Cedar creek, in October, 1864, and in thlso reported the arrival of his division at Martinsburg, and was ordered to remain there until furtiver at Williamsport ford, and move on Martinsburg, Virginia, the Third division (Brigadier-Generalcountry from Smithfield in the direction of Martinsburg, and the vicinity of the Potomac river. [5 more...]