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d, on the Williamsburgh road, about three quarters of a mile in front of the Seven Pines, where I found Gen. Casey, who had placed the One Hundredth New-York, Col. Bthe wounded of the brigade that were taken prisoners. Since the battle of Seven Pines, now nearly three weeks, a force ten times that of Casey and Conch has not bPines, Va. Capt. F. A. Walker, Assist. Adjutant-General: On moving to the Seven Pines on the twenty-ninth of May, I was ordered to occupy and guard the left flankich had passed the river at Bottom's Bridge, and was posted at Fair Oaks and Seven Pines — some six or seven miles in front of the same, doubtless presuming that it hin six miles of Richmond, a mile in front of a point locally designated the Seven Pines, where Casey's division was posted in an open, swampy field, behind a singletayed by the coming of night. By nightfall they had forced their way to the Seven Pines, having driven the enemy back more than two miles, through their own camps,
fight was for. It was not an interruption of our march to Richmond, in which, as might be supposed, the rebels threw themselves in our way and stopped us at a mile from our original line. It was a fight for a position — a determined struggle for a piece of ground which it was deemed necessary that we should have and hold. This piece of ground is barely a mile beyond our former line, and we have it, and hold it. It will be remembered that the field on which the battle of Fair Oaks, or Seven Pines, was fought, is bounded on the side toward Richmond by a line of woods. This wood extends on either side of the Williamsburgh road for a mile, and beyond it is a piece of open country. Our outer pickets have been hitherto posted in that edge of the wood which is furthest from the sacred city, and the line of rebel pickets was drawn only a little further in the woods, and so near to our line that the men could talk to one another. It appeared to be well understood that any further advan
y of McClellan. The York River Railroad, it will be remembered, runs in an easterly direction, intersecting the Chickahominy about ten miles from the city. South of the railroad is the Williamsburgh road, connecting with theNine-mile road at Seven Pines. The former road connects with the New-Bridge road, which turns off and crosses the Chickahominy. From Seven Pines, where theNine-mile road joins the upper one, the road is known as the old Williamsburgh road, and crosses the Chickahominy atSeven Pines, where theNine-mile road joins the upper one, the road is known as the old Williamsburgh road, and crosses the Chickahominy at Bottom's Bridge. With the bearing of these localities in his mind, the reader will readily understand how it was that the enemy was driven from his original strongholds on the north side of the Chickahominy, and how, at the time of Friday's battle, he had been compelled to surrender the possession of the Fredericksburgh and Central Railroads, and had been pressed to a position where he was cut off from the principal avenues of supply and escape. The disposition of our forces was such as to