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Robert Lewis Dabney, Life and Commands of Lieutenand- General Thomas J. Jackson, Chapter 12: Winchester. (search)
er he had sent a trusty officer to the Capital with despatches explaining his views. The decision of the government was, that he should press the enemy at Harper's Ferry, threaten an invasion of Maryland, and an assault upon the Federal capital, and thus make the most energetic diversion possible, to draw a part of the forces of McClellan and McDowell from Richmond. After allowing his troops two days of needed rest, the army was moved, Wednesday morning, May 28th, toward Charlestown, by Summit Point, General Winder's brigade again in advance. Charlestown is a handsome village, the seat of justice of Jefferson county, eight miles from Harper's Ferry. When about five miles from the former place, General Winder received information that the enemy was in possession of it in heavy force. Upon being advised of this, General Jackson ordered General Ewell with reinforcements to his support. But General Winder resolved not to await them, and advanced cautiously toward Charlestown. As he
Jubal Anderson Early, Ruth Hairston Early, Lieutenant General Jubal A. Early , C. S. A., Chapter 44: retreat to Fisher's Hill. (search)
wards Charlestown, and Anderson's on the direct road by Summit Point. A body of the enemy's cavalry was driven from the Opequon, and was pursued by part of our cavalry towards Summit Point. I encountered Sheridan's main force near Cameron's depotattack. He encountered Wilson's division of cavalry at Summit Point, and, after driving it off, went into camp at that placlry, under Colonel Ferguson, across the country towards Summit Point, on a reconnaissance, while the trains under the protec After I had crossed the Opequon and was moving towards Summit Point, Averill's cavalry attacked and drove back in some conf with the aid of field glasses, a line extending toward Summit Point. The position the enemy occupied was a strong one, to be supported by infantry, advanced on the road from Summit Point, and drove in our pickets from the Opequon, when two diestown via Smithfield, the road from the same place via Summit Point, and the road from Berryville via Jordan's Springs. Sh
Jubal Anderson Early, Ruth Hairston Early, Lieutenant General Jubal A. Early , C. S. A., Index. (search)
2, 35, 50, 119, 164, 165 Stone Tavern, 26, 29 Stonewall Brigade, 163, 237, 322 Stony Creek, 450 Stop-Cock, 184 Strasburg, 165, 326, 331, 333, 366, 368-69, 397-98-99, 406-07, 437, 440-41-42, 449 Strong, Colonel, 126, 130 Stuart, General J. E. B., 13, 22-23, 25-26, 33, 36, 38, 52, 66 68, 76, 101, 105-06, 110, 114-15, 118, 132, 141, 144 148, 156, 164, 171, 176, 180, 192, 196, 213-16, 273, 285, 302-03-04 Sturgis, General (U. S. A.), 131 Sudley, 22, 29, 32, 119, 129 Summit Point, 408-09-10, 412-414 Sumner, General (U. S. A.), 132, 148- 149, 151, 158-59, 180, 182, 403 Sumter, Fort, 1 Susquehanna, 255, 259, 261, 264 Sweet Springs, 327, 331 Swift Run Gap, 328, 367, 371, 434 Tabernacle Church, 211 Taliaferro, General, 106, 119, 120, 171, 175, 179 Tanner, 186, 258 Taverner, Colonel, 388 Taylor, Colonel, 60 Taylor, General, 78, 107 Taylor, John, 184 Taylor's Hill, 169, 222-23, 225, 228 Taylor's House, 208, 226, 228-230, 232 Telegraph
ral Wright, moved by way of Charlestown and Summit Point to Clifton; General Emory, with Dwight's diitt's cavalry at White Post and Lowell's at Summit Point. The enemy, as stated before, moved at thewell received instructions to close in from Summit Point on the right of the Sixth Corps. My objere skirmish Wilson and Lowell fell back to Summit Point, and the Jersey brigade joined its corps atof the Opequon, and Wilson was stationed at Summit Point, whence he held a line along the Opequon as Smithfield, drove in my cavalry pickets to Summit Point, and followed up with a rapid advance againral Early thought I had taken position near Summit Point, and that by moving rapidly around through er he marched with the bulk of his army to Summit Point, but while reconnoitring in that region on explains Early's reconnoissance that day to Summit Point as a covering movement, but his rapid withd the Nineteenth, Crook being transferred to Summit Point, whence I could use him to protect my right[2 more...]
om. Fourth United States, Batteries C and E,[At Pleasant Valley, Md., and not engaged In the battle.] Lieutenant Terence Reilly. moved at 3 o'clock that morning. The plan was for Torbert to advance with Merritt's division of cavalry from Summit Point, carry the crossings of the Opequon at Stevens's and Lock's fords, and form a junction near Stephenson's depot, with Averell, who was to move south from Darksville by the Valley pike. Meanwhile, Wilson was to strike up the Berryville pike, cge, the two infantry corps, under command of General Wright, were expected to press on after and occupy Wilson's ground, who was then to shift to the south bank of Abraham's Creek and cover my left; Crook's two divisions, having to march from Summit Point, were to follow the Sixth and Nineteenth corps to the Opequon, and should they arrive before the action began, they were to be held in reserve till the proper moment came, and then, as a turning-column, be thrown over toward the Valley pike,
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 4. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), Report of General Kershaw. (search)
es' Cross-roads the wagons were sent by the way of Front Royal; Rice's battalion was detached as a guard to the division train; 18th, marched to Piedmont; 19th, to Ashby's Gap, where Rice's battalion rejoined the command; 20th, crossed the Shenandoah river at Berry's Ford; 21st, recrossed and took position in line of battle near Paris to resist a threatened attack of the enemy; 22d, returned to camp on western side of the river; 23d, obtained 503 new arms from Winchester; 24th, marched to Summit Point; 25th, to Martinsburg; 26th, crossed Potomac river, camped near Williamsport; 27th, marched by the way of Hagerstown, Middleburg and Greencastle and camped five miles from Chambersburg; 28th, marched through Chambersburg and camped one mile beyond; remained in camp until the 30th, when we marched to Fayetteville; 1st July, Anderson's and Johnson's divisions and General Ewell's wagon train occupied the road until 4 o'clock P. M., when we marched to a point on the Gettysburg road some two m
m as to my designs. He fully expected to find me in Winchester on Monday morning. Having succeeded in making this impression upon him, and thus allayed his suspicions as well as his vigilance, that time was the most favorable that could possibly have been selected for the retreat. No skill or precaution on my part, however, could have enabled me to evade the enemy where we met him on Monday morning. He was posted in a position to command both roads, at the point where the one leading to Summit Point diverges from the Martinsburgh road. Here we fought him until we heard a signal gun in the direction of Winchester, and two sections of the enemy's artillery, on the road from that place, were seen in hot pursuit of us. I then ordered the march to be continued, and the larger part of my forces went in different directions from the field of battle. The result of this engagement would have been far different if my orders had been obeyed, or my example followed. When the retreat commenc
Doc. 170.-skirmish near Smithfield, Va. A National account. Martinsburgh, Va., Sept. 15, 1863. Last night at nine o'clock, a detachment of fifty men from the First New-York, and another of the same number from the Twelfth Pennsylvania cavalry, commanded by Lieutenant D. A. Irwin, were ordered out on scout, the whole under command of Captain Jones, First New-York. They proceeded to Charlestown and bivouacked for the night. At seven o'clock next morning marched to Summit's Point, and hearing of a force of the enemy in the vicinity of Smithfield advanced on that place. When within three miles of the town they overtook one of the enemy's scouting parties, and at once gave chase. They pursued them to the town, where the retreating rebs were reenforced by a detachment of the Twelfth Virginia rebel cavalry, who made a desperate charge upon a portion of our forces, when a sharp skirmish ensued, in which Captain Jones, commanding, was wounded in the hand and taken prisoner;
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. Volume 4., Sheridan in the Shenandoah Valley. (search)
t be expected, Sheridan concluded still further to solidify his lines. On the 21st of August Early moved with his army to attack Sheridan. His own command marched through Smithfield toward Charlestown, and Anderson on the direct road through Summit Point. Rodes's and Ramseur's infantry were advanced to the attack, and heavy skirmishing was continued for some time with a loss to the Sixth Corps, principally Getty's division, of 260 killed and wounded. In the meantime Anderson was so retarded by the Union cavalry that he did not reach the field, and night overtaking him at Summit Point, he there went into camp. That night Sheridan drew in the cavalry, and, carrying out the resolution already formed, withdrew his army to Halltown. During the three days following the Confederates demonstrated in front of Sheridan's lines, but to little purpose except to skirmish with Crook's and Emory's pickets. On the 25th, leaving Anderson's force in front of Sheridan, Early moved with his four div
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 3., Chapter 13: invasion of Maryland and Pennsylvania-operations before Petersburg and in the Shenandoah Valley. (search)
toward Winchester, Wilson's cavalry leading. The Sixth Corps, under General Wright, followed in double columns, flanking the Berryville turnpike, with its artillery and wagon-train moving along that highway. The Nineteenth Corps, under General Emory, followed in the same order, it being the intention of Sheridan to have his whole force across the Opequan before Early could bring back his troops from Bunker's Hill to his endangered right. Crook's (Eighth) corps, then in the vicinity of Summit Point, was ordered to join the main forces at the Opequan ford, while Averill and Torbett were to make demonstrations on the Confederate left. Wilson crossed the Opequan at daybreak, and moved swiftly along the pike, which passed through a narrow mountain gorge, charging upon and The Opequan Ford of the Berryville turnpike. sweeping away all opposers, and securing a space within two miles of Winchester, for the deployment of the army. He was closely followed by the Sixth Corps; but the N
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