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Brig.-Gen. Bradley T. Johnson, Confederate Military History, a library of Confederate States Military History: Volume 2.1, Maryland (ed. Clement Anselm Evans), Biographical (search)
gency demanded. Gen. Wade Hampton in a letter to General Lee stated that he was convinced that the enemy could have taken Richmond, and in all probability would have done so, but for the fact that Colonel Johnson intercepted a dispatch from Dahlgren to Kilpatrick, asking what hour the latter had fixed for an attack on the city, so that both attacks might be simultaneous; and in his report the gallant South Carolinian complimented the Marylander for his gallantry in attacking the enemy at Beaver Dam, with a handful of men, and hanging on their rear, striking them continually, and never losing sight of them until they had passed Tunstall's station. Hampton further expressed his appreciation by presenting Johnson with a saber. This promptly won distinction as a cavalry leader he confirmed by his service against Merritt's division at Pollard's farm, and under Hampton at Trevilian's. June 25, 1864, he received his commission as brigadier-general and was assigned to the command of the ca
e of repulse, they can instantly retire behind them. Without a greater sacrifice of human life than I am willing to make, all cannot be accomplished that I had designed outside of the city. I have therefore resolved upon the following plan: I will continue to hold, substantially, the ground now occupied by the army of the Potomac, taking advantage of any favorable circumstance that may present itself, until the cavalry can be sent west to destroy the Virginia Central railroad, from about Beaver Dam, for some 25 or 30 miles west. When this is effected, I will move the army to the south side of James river, either by crossing the Chickahominy and marching near to City Point, or by going to the mouth of the Chickahominy on the north side and crossing there. To provide for this last, and most probable contingency, six or more ferryboats, of the largest size, ought to be immediately provided. Once on the south side of James river, I can cut off all sources of supply to the enemy, excep
d to the crude hospitals in the rear, wore a North Carolina uniform. Every fifth bullet that helped to raise the Union casualties to 15,849 was from a North Carolina musket. The first of these desperate encounters was at Mechanicsville and Beaver Dam. In spite of a constantly erroneous statement of numbers, this engagement was between four brigades (not counting brigades present, but not materially engaged) of Fitz John Porter, and five brigades of A. P. Hill, assisted just before dusk by tles and Leaders, II, p. 337. (Note—General Webb strangely says that Porter had less than 18,000 infantry at Gaines' Mill.—Peninsula Campaign, page 130.) fortified in a naturally strong position on the east bank of Powhite creek, six miles from Beaver Dam. Crowning every available prominence with batteries to sweep the roads, and also posting batteries or sections of batteries between his brigades, he, with Sykes' division of regulars, Morell's and McCall's divisions, and later with Slocum's di
-drilled regiment responding as if on parade, and before the enemy could complete his formation assailed with such vigor that all danger was past. A brigade joining in the attack was repulsed and Colonel Pender reformed its ranks with great coolness. President Davis, who witnessed his conduct, said to him on the field, General Pender, I salute you, and three days later he was put in command of Pettigrew's brigade. His commission as brigadier-general was dated from this day, June 3d. At Beaver Dam he led two desperate assaults ordered against the Federal works, in which his men suffered great slaughter, but bore themselves as heroes. He fought next day at Cold Harbor, then at Frayser's Farm, and at Cedar Run, by a skillful and energetic flank movement, saved the day. At Second Manassas he exposed himself almost recklessly, fighting like Ney. At Chantilly he led the movement and was again wounded. At Winchester, Harper's Ferry and Sharpsburg he was a heroic figure, and at Frederic
Brigadier-General Ellison Capers, Confederate Military History, a library of Confederate States Military History: Volume 5, South Carolina (ed. Clement Anselm Evans), Chapter 3: (search)
would place his corps on the right flank and rear of the Federal position at Beaver Dam, while A. P. Hill, D. H. Hill and Longstreet, with their divisions, crossinge river at Mechanicsville, should carry that place and the strong position at Beaver Dam. The morning of the 26th (Thursday) was fixed by Lee for this concerted moon left Ashland. He marched past the right flank of the Federal position, at Beaver Dam, and went into camp 3 miles in the rear of that flank, at Hundley's corner, in the evening. In consequence, the bloody battle fought on the 26th, along Beaver Dam, by the gallant division of A. P. Hill and Ripley's brigade of D. H. Hill's division, was fought without Jackson's assistance. The Federal position behind Beaver Dam was heroically assailed; but it was too strong to be carried by Hill and Riple in the early morning of the 27th, made the position of General Porter behind Beaver Dam untenable, and he promptly retreated and took up a strong position 3 miles fu
found as comrades the Fifth and Tenth Louisiana, in Semmes' brigade of McLaws' division; the Second with Howell Cobb; the First with A. R. Wright; the Third battalion with J. R. Anderson; and the Fourteenth regiment, First battalion (Coppens') and Maurin's battery, in Pryor's brigade. The Washington artillery was attached to Longstreet's division, and the Madison (Moody's) battery to D. R. Jones' division. Pryor, marching to the front via Mechanicsville, with Longstreet, was posted at Beaver Dam, where he was in battle on the 27th of June. In the affair at Ellison's mill, said Pryor, the battalion of Lieutenant-Colonel Coppens was especially distinguished. At Gaines' Mill these Louisianians bore a gallant part in the intrepid charges which cost so many lives, and at Frayser's Farm they held their ground with heroic tenacity. Through all this Captain Maurin, with his artillery, showed himself, as Pryor reported, a most courageous and capable officer. The loss of Coppens' battal
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 13. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), The Kilpatrick-Dahlgren raid against Richmond. (search)
ral Stuart: Citizens report to General Young a Yankee cavalry brigade at Mount Pleasant, moving towards Central Road. No reports from pickets. Not hearing from General Stuart, at 10:30 P. M. the following message was sent to him: Enemy were at Beaver Dam at seven o'clock. North Carolina brigade has moved down with artillery. Have ordered Maryland cavalry to join me. Young at Spotsylvania Courthouse. Have received nothing from you. These dispatches gave all the information I had received of twell, and gave assistance; while the artillery behaved admirably. I cannot close my report without expressing my appreciation of the conduct of Colonel Bradley T. Johnson and his gallant command. With a mere handful of men he met the enemy at Beaver Dam, and never lost sight of him until he had passed Tunstall's Station, hanging on his rear, striking him constantly, and displaying throughout the very highest qualities of a soldier. He is admirably fitted for the cavalry service, and I trust t
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 16. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), Field Telegrams from around Petersburg, Virginia. (search)
s division is crossing at Deep Bottom. Send back an officer to ascertain position. R. E. Lee. Headquarters, 14th August. Major A. L. Land, Dunlop's. Your telegram received. The two regiments will number about two hundred each. Communicate with General Wilcox when they can be transported. After these troops have been taken away, trains for two brigades (say twenty-five hundred men) are to be kept at Landy's. W. H. Taylor. Headquarters, 14th August, 1864. General Wade Hampton, Beaver Dam, Va.. Halt your command and return towards Richmond. Gregg's division is crossing at Deep Bottom. Send back an officer to ascertain position. R. E. Lee, General. Headquarters, 14th August, 1864. General C. W. field, Chaffin's Bluff. Have sent to halt Hampton and ordered cavalry from this side. If unnecessary let me know. Aid the cavalry all you can and drive back enemy. R. E. Lee. General C. W. field, Chaffin's Bluff. Hampton will be with you this evening. Two brigad
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 24. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), chapter 1.51 (search)
seconded by Ulric Dahlgren, a young officer of great skill and daring. The plan of the expedition was as follows: A column under General Custer was to make a dash on Charlottesville to draw attention from the main body which was to proceed to Beaver Dam, on the Central Railroad; arriving there, the column was to be divided, a part under General Kilpatrick was to move on Richmond along the north bank of James river, while the remainder under Colonel Dahlgreen were to cross to the south side, my, which was then lying in winter-quarters around Orange Courthouse, without serious opposition; thus cutting off the possibility of sending reinforcements to Richmond, which was in an almost entirely defenceless condition. After detaching, at Beaver Dam, 500 men under Colonel Dahlgren, and sending them around to the north of Richmond, Kilpatrick, with the remainder and main body of the force, about 1,500 strong, proceeded in a southeasterly course, going into camp on the night of March 1st ne
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 25. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), chapter 1.43 (search)
ounty. W. T. Mitchell, Sixth Cavalry, Pittsylvania county. T. A. Moon, Sixth Cavalry, Halifax county. A. M. King, Fiftieth Infantry, Saltville, Lee county. B. G. Brown, Seventh Infantry, Brown's Cove, Albemarle co. Charles D. McCoy, Twenty-fifth Infantry, Charlottesville. William C. Nunn, Fifth Cavalry, Little Plymouth. Peyton Alfriend, Thirty-ninth Militia, Petersburg. Bruce Gibson, Sixth cavalry, Upperville, Fauquier county. George W. Nelson, General Pendleton's staff, Beaver Dam, Hanover county. C. J. Lewis, Eighth Cavalry, Charleston, Kanawha county. Adjutants. D. M. Leyton, Twenty-fifth Infantry, Mount Meridian. B. B. Howelett, Fifth Cavalry, Cobb's creek. O. H. P. Lewis, Thirty-first Infantry, Beverly, Randolph county. W. W. Boggs, Twentieth Cavalry, Wheeling. J. Arrington, Forty-second Infantry, Campbell Courthouse. D. W. Garrett, Forty-second Infantry, Morgantown, Ga. H. T. Coalter, Fifty-third Infantry, King William Courthouse. First
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