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1829, I think, I encamped one night about the site of Madison. The nearest Indian village was on the opposite side of the lake. Nothing, I think, was known to the garrison of Fort Winnebago, about the Four Lakes, before I saw them. Indeed, sir, it may astonish you to learn, in view of the (now) densely populated condition of that country, that I and the file of soldiers who accompanied me, were the first white men who ever passed over the country between the Portage of the Wisconsin and Fox Rivers, and the then village of Chicago. Fish and water-fowl were abundant; deer and pheasant less plentiful. The Indians subsisted largely on Indian corn and wild rice. When sent out on various expeditions I crossed Rock River at different points, but saw no sign of settlement above Dixon's Ferry. That point had then been occupied by a white man only a year. This reconnaissance was a very bold and dangerous one, and one of many anecdotes of that period is inserted here. The reconnaissan
x 39th Illinois. Second Scotch 65th Illinois. First Douglass 42d Illinois. First Irish 23d Illinois. Northwestern Rifles 44th Illinois. Irish Legion 90th Illinois. Lead Mine regiment 45th Illinois. First Hecker 24th Illinois. Chicago Legion 51st Illinois. Second Hecker 82d Illinois. Canton Rifles 55th Illinois. Normal regiment 33d Illinois. National Guards 57th Illinois. Rock River regiment 34th Illinois. Lyon color Guard 58th Illinois. Fox River regiment 36th Illinois. Ninth Missouri 59th Illinois. Fremont Rifles 37th Illinois. Yates Sharpshooters 64th Illinois. Highlanders 65th Illinois. Wilder's mounted Infantry 92d Illinois. Birge's Sharpshooters 66th Illinois. Wilder's mounted Infantry 98th Illinois. First Board of Trade 72d Illinois. Wilder's mounted Infantry 123d Illinois. Second Board of Trade 88th Illinois. Brackett's regiment 9th Illinois Cavalry. Railroad regiment 89th Illinois.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Garfield, James Abram 1831-1881 (search)
hio, probably the Alleghany. He followed it to the main stream, and descended that, until in the winter of 1669 and 1670 he reached the Falls of the Ohio, near the present site of Louisville. His companions refusing to go farther, he returned to Quebec, and prepared for still greater undertakings. In the mean time the Jesuit missionaries had been pushing their discoveries on the northern lake. In 1673 Joliet and Marquette started from Green Bay, dragging their canoes up the rapids of Fox River; crossed Lake Winnebago; found Indian guides to conduct them to the waters of the Wisconsin; descended that stream to the westward, and on the 16th of June reached the Mississippi near the spot where now stands the city of Prairie du Chien. To-morrow will be the 200th anniversary of that discovery. One hundred and thirty-two years before that time De Soto had seen the same river more than 1,000 miles below; but during that interval it is not known that any white man had looked upon its
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Wisconsin, (search)
7 De Louvigny, sent to destroy the Fox tribes, leaves Quebec, March 14; fights the battle of Buttes des Morts on the Fox River, and reaches Quebec again......Oct. 12, 1716 Francis Renault engages in mining on the Mississippi above the mouth ofep it from the Indians......1728 Expedition fitted against the Fox Indians by the Marquis de Beauharnois ascends the Fox River, burning deserted Indian villages......August, 1728 Expedition against the Fox Indians under De Villiers......1730 Michel settle permanently at Green Bay......1766 Jonathan Carver, exploring the northwest, by way of Green Bay and the Fox and Wisconsin rivers, reaches Prairie du Chien......Oct. 15, 1766 John Long, an English trader, visits Green Bay and PrMenomonee and other Indian tribes at Butte des Morts......Aug. 11, 1827 Fort Winnebago built at the portage between the Fox and Wisconsin rivers......1828 Battle of Wisconsin Heights; Black Hawk attacked by Illinois troops under Gen. James D.
Appleton, Outagamie County, Wisconsin a city of 5,000 pop., on Fox River, and on the Chicago & North Western Railroad, 26 miles from Fond du Lac. Steamers connect with the Lakes on one hand and with the Mississippi River on the other. It has abundant water power, and is engaged in various manufactures.
Burlington, Racine County, Wisconsin a town of 1,270* pop., on Fox River and the Western Union Railroad, 27 miles from Racine. The River furnishes power which is employed in several manufactories.
Waukesha, Waukesha County, Wisconsin a town of 2,500 pop., on Fox River and Milwaukee & Prairie du Chien Railroad, 21 miles from Milwaukee. A place of active trade.
Oshkosh, Winnebago County, Wisconsin a city of 15,000 pop., on Lake Winnebago, at the mouth of Fox River. Very entensively engaged in the lumber business. Some steamboat building is done here.