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General James Longstreet, From Manassas to Appomattox, Chapter 26: Gettysburg-First day. (search)
ix o'clock that the enemy was in some force off our right towards Fairfield, General Lee ordered General Anderson to put one of his brigades out on the right as picket-guard. Wilcox's brigade and Ross's battery were marched and posted near Black Horse Tavern. Nothing coming from the centre troops about Cemetery Hill, General Lee ordered the Second Corps, after night, from his left to his right, for work in that direction, but General Ewell rode over and reported that another point-Culp's Hiossing the Potomac, except the report of the scout. His own force on the field was the Second Corps, Rodes's, Early's, and E. Johnson's divisions from right to left through the streets of Gettysburg around towards Culp's Hill; on Rodes's right, Pender's division of the Third; on Seminary Ridge, R. H. Anderson's division of the Third (except Wilcox's brigade at Black Horse Tavern); behind Seminary Ridge, Heth's division of the Third; on the march between Cashtown and Greenwood, the First Corps.
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. Volume 3., The great charge and artillery fighting at Gettysburg. (search)
enry's, and my own battalions parked near where our infantry lines were to be formed and the attack begun. Dearing's battalion with Pickett's infantry was not yet up, and the Washington Artillery was left in reserve. Through some blunder, part of our infantry had been marched on a road that brought them in sight of Round Top, and instead of taking to the fields and hollows, they had been halted for an hour, and then had been counter-marched and sent around by a circuitous road, via Black Horse Tavern, about five miles out of the way, thereby losing at least two hours. We waited quite a time for the infantry, and I think it was about 4 o'clock when at last the word was given for Hood's division to move out and endeavor to turn the enemy's left, while McLaws awaited the development of Hood's attack, ready to assault the Peach Orchard. Henry's battalion moved out with Hood and was speedily and heavily engaged; Cabell was ready to support him, and at once went into action near Snyd
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 6. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), General C. M. Wilcox on the battle of Gettysburg. (search)
g the country, conducted his own and then went about hunting up other battalions of artillery attached to the infantry, and while thus engaged came upon the head of an column, which he took to be Hood's division, halted in the road in sight of Round Top, and had sent back to Longstreet for orders. For some reason they would not turn back and follow the tracks of my guns, and I remember a long and tedious waiting; and at length there came an order to turn back and take a road around by Black Horse Tavern. I have never forgotten that name. My general recollection is that nearly three hours were lost in that delay and countermarch, and that it was about 4 P. M. when Hood became engaged heavily on our extreme right. General Longstreet says he was in rear when the column halted; became impatient at the delay, rode forward and learned that the troops were waiting for the engineer officer to find some route over which to lead them so as not to be seen. He saw Round Top, and then knew t
Edward Porter Alexander, Military memoirs of a Confederate: a critical narrative, Chapter 17: Gettysburg: second day (search)
cated in the valley of Willoughby Run awaiting the arrival of the infantry. Riding back presently to learn the cause of their non-arrival, the head of the column was found halted, where its road became exposed to the Federal view, while messages were sent to Longstreet, and the guide sought a new route. The exposed point had been easily avoided by our artillery, by turning out through a meadow, but after some delay there came orders to the infantry to countermarch and take a road via Black Horse Tavern. This incident delayed the opening of the battle nearly two hours. It is notable, both as illustrating the contingencies attending movements over unfamiliar ground, and also the annoyance which may be caused an enemy by the use of balloons to overlook his territory. It hardly seems probable, however, that in this instance the delay influenced the result of the battle. The same may be said, too, of a preliminary delay in Longstreet's beginning his march to the left after Lee's order
ttle of Hastings, IV.—13. Beardsley, John D., I.—35, 36; III.—25. Bellfield, II.—38. Bell, Luther V., IV.—27. Bennett, Edwin C., IV.—22. Bennett, Irvin M., IV.—28. Bertie Union Academy, N. C., II.—29. Binney, Edward A., I.—33; III.—23. Binney, Henry M., I.—33. Binney, Captain, Martin, I.—33; III.—23, 25; IV.—27. Binney, Captain, Martin, Military Record of, I.—33 to 39. Birch Swamp, I.—22, 23. Bird, Lieutenant, I.—38. Bisland, Battle of, IV.—30. Black Horse Tavern, IV.—21. Bleachery, The, II.—24. Blessing of the Bay, The, IV.—9. Bloody Angle, I.—38. Bloody Brook Ambuscade. I.—21. Bolivar Heights, I.—35, 36. Bolles, John David, home of, III.—20. Bonner Family, The, I.—24. Boot, Kirk, IV.—16. Booth, Edward C., M. D., I.—21. Boston & Albany Station, IV.—23. Boston & Lowell R. R., II.—7, 30. Boston Common, II.—29. Boston Independent Fusileers, I.—33. B
uel Cooke, 29, 31, 89-92 Baptists, 49, 86, 104-106, 125,133,176, 176 Baptist Society, 175, 176 Bass viol, 109, 114, 116, 242 Bathing tub, 136 Battle (Capt.) of Dedham, detailed with his company, April 20, 1775, 70, 79 Battle of April 19, 1775, 62-83, 85, 93, 99, 121, 147 Belfry, church, 22, 48, 85, 101, 110, 116 Bell, parish, 34, 48, 101, 108, 114, 116, 122, 131, 136, 138, 142 Beverly men in action, April 19, 1775, 68, 71, 73 Births, abstracts of 101, 102 Black Horse Tavern, at Menotomy, 59 Book of Psalms and Hymns, 127 British Military occupation of Boston, 43, 46, 46, 47, 60, 82, 99; officer's account of the Battle of April 19, 1776, 54-56; British private soldiers' letters, 55; wagon train captured, 61, 62, 63 Bull's Creek, 11 Burying cloth, 34, 103 Burying Place, 12, 22, 32, 41, 45-47, 69, 70, 77, 100, 101, 109, 110, 113, 116, 139-141, 143, 151, 166, 177 Calls for men for the war, 1861-1866, 167, 158, 169 Cambridge, Commons, reserva
Comte de Paris, History of the Civil War in America. Vol. 3. (ed. Henry Coppee , LL.D.), Book III:—Pennsylvania. (search)
: the first is the turnpike, which follows the unfinished railroad-track very closely; the other is a common cross-road, which at the west-south-west runs in the direction of Fairfield and Hagerstown, crossing Marsh Creek at the ford called Black Horse Tavern. The seminary stands between the two, above their dividing-line. As at the north and west, three roads start south and two east of Gettysburg. The latter are those of Hunterstown, north-eastward, and of Hanover, south-eastward, which Earter, without waiting for its chief, started before four o'clock, but it was delayed by the supply-trains of the First and Eleventh corps, and, taking the wrong road, came near falling in with the rear of the Confederates near Marsh Creek at Black-Horse Tavern, and, in short, only reached Cemetery Hill about one o'clock in the morning. But scarcely had Graham fallen into position on the left of the First corps when a new reinforcement—a most important one this time—enabled Hancock to give more e
Comte de Paris, History of the Civil War in America. Vol. 3. (ed. Henry Coppee , LL.D.), Book IV:—Third winter. (search)
on Williamsport, he would make a detour which would give Lee abundant time to pass into Virginia. The pontons on which Longstreet and Hill had crossed the river were at Falling Water, inside of a bend near which runs the turnpike road from Martinsburg to Williamsport. To reach this last point Lee could avail himself of a high road which was all the better because it had not as yet been travelled by either of the two armies. This road, which begins at Gettysburg, crosses Marsh Run at Black Horse Tavern, and reaches, after running seven miles, the village of Fairfield, at the foot of one of the bases of South Mountain called Jack's Mountain: following this base, it strikes, three miles farther on, at Fountain Dale, the village of Monterey Springs. From there, passing several secondary ranges, it descends to the town of Waynesboroa at the entrance into the Cumberland Valley. The distance from Gettysburg to Waynesboroa is twenty miles; from there to Hagerstown, through Leitersburg, th