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Fitzhugh Lee, General Lee, Chapter 2: birth.-career as officer of Engineers, United States army. (search)
o her, more than to any other, should the praise be given. This lovely woman, as stated, was the daughter of Charles Carter, of Shirley, who resided in his grand old mansion on the banks of the James River, some twenty miles below Richmond, then, as now, the seat of an open, profuse, and refined hospitality, and still in the possession of the Carters. Mrs. Henry Lee's mother was Anne Moore, and her grandmother a daughter of Alexander Spottswood, the soldier who fought with Marlborough at Blenheim, and was afterward sent to Virginia as governor in 1710, and whose descent can be traced in a direct line from King Robert the Bruce, of Scotland. Robert Edward Lee could look back on long lines of paternal and maternal ancestors, but it is doubtful whether he ever exercised the privilege; in a letter to his wife, written in front of Petersburg, February, 1865, he says: I have received your note. I am very much obliged to Mr.--for the trouble he has taken in relation to the Lee genealo
H. Wager Halleck , A. M. , Lieut. of Engineers, U. S. Army ., Elements of Military Art and Science; or, Course of Instruction in Strategy, Fortification, Tactis of Battles &c., Embracing the Duties of Staff, Infantry, Cavalry, Artillery and Engineers. Adapted to the Use of Volunteers and Militia., Chapter 15: military Education—Military schools of France, Prussia, Austria, Russia, England, &c.—Washington's reasons for establishing the West point Academy.—Rules of appointment and Promotion in foreign Services.—Absurdity and injustice of our own system. (search)
the age of sixteen, and acquired his military reputation in very early life. He died at fifty-eight. The great Conde immortalized his name at the battle of Rocroi, in which, at the age of twenty-two, he defeated the Spaniards. He had won all his great military fame before the age of twenty-five. Prince Eugene of Savoy was a colonel at twenty-one, a lieutenant-field-marshal at twenty-four, and soon after, a general-field-marshal. He gained the battle of Zenta at thirty. four, and of Blenheim at forty-one. At the opening of the war of 1733, he again appeared at the head of the army at the advanced age of sixty-nine, but having lost the vigor and fire of youth, he effected nothing of importance. Peter the Great of Russia was proclaimed czar at ten years of age; at twenty he organized a large army and built several ships; at twenty-four he fought the Turks and captured Asoph; at twenty-eight he made war with Sweden; at thirty he entered Moscow in triumph after the victory of E
Henry Morton Stanley, Dorothy Stanley, The Autobiography of Sir Henry Morton Stanley, part 2.13, chapter 2.31 (search)
spelling-books, histories, and school-readers, our Prayer-books and Bibles, were English. Yet the Welsh hated the English, and the reason for it I have never been able to discover, even to this day. We also detested the Paddys of the Square, because they were ragged, dirty, and quarrelsome, foul of speech, and noisy. We saw a few French, at least we were told they were French: they were too much despised to be hated. They belonged to that people who were beaten at Crecy, Agincourt, Blenheim, and Waterloo. I should therefore be false to myself if I stooped to say that the Welsh are the first people under the sun, and that Wales is the most beautiful country in the world. But, I am quite willing to admit that the Welsh are as good as any, and that they might surpass the majority of people if they tried, and that Wales contains within its limited area as beautiful scenes as any. The result of my observations is that in Nature the large part of humanity is on a pretty even p
l A. Rice, Jenkins' Ferry July 6, 1864. Daniel McCook, Kenesaw Mountain July 17, 1864. J. H. Kitching, Cedar Creek died January 10, 1865. Daniel D. Bidwell, Cedar Creek October 19, 1864. Casualties in great European battles Compiled from Henderson's Stonewall Jackson and the American Civil War list of killed and wounded (excluding prisoners) the victorious side is given first in each case BattleNumber of troopskilled and woundedTotalTotal PercentagePercentage of victor Blenheim, 1704Allies, 56,00011,00031,0002619 French, 60,00020,000 Oudenarde, 1708Allies, 85,00010,00020,0001111 French, 85,00010,000 Malplaquet, 1709Allies, 100,00014,00034,0001714 French, 100,00020,000 Prague, 1757Prussians, 64,00012,00022,0001718 Austrians, 60,00010,000 Zorndorf, 1758Prussians, 32,76012,00032,0003837 Russians, 52,00020,000 Kunnersdorf, 1759Allies, 70,00014,00031,0002720 Prussians, 43,00017,000 Torgau, 1760Prussians, 46,00012,00024,0002226 Austrians, 60,00012,000 Aust
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 9. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), chapter 7.48 (search)
of Governor Spotswood, on the subject of the ancestry of the Spotswoods. She was quite an antiquary, and knew many of the traditionary tales of the Knights of the golden Horseshoe, besides their romantic ride over the blue mountains of Virginia, down to the cool waters of the silvery Shenandoah. The old lady, with pardonable pride, used to tell us children of her ancestor, the Governor, being on the staff of the Duke of Marlborough, and of his being wounded in the breast at the battle of Blenheim, August 13, 1704; of the Governor's grandfather, Sir Robert Spotswood, of whom the Earl of Clarendon says: The Scots put to death several persons of name who had followed the Marquis (of Montrose) and had been taken prisoners, among whom Sir Robert Spotswood was one, a worthy, honest, loyal gentleman, and as wise a man as that nation had at that time (whom the King had made secretary of the State of that Kingdom). She once read to me Sir Walter Scott's account of Sir Robert Spotswood's e
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Spottswood, Sir Alexander 1676-1740 (search)
Spottswood, Sir Alexander 1676-1740 Colonial governor; born in Tangier, Africa, in 1676; served in the army under the Duke of Marlborough; was wounded in the battle of Blenheim; was governor of Virginia in 1710-23. In 1736 he was colonial postmaster, and in 1739 commander of the forces intended to operate against Florida. The French, in pursuance of their policy for spreading their dominions in America, had always concealed from the English all knowledge of the country beyond the Apalachian range of mountains. In 1714 Governor Spottswood resolved to acquire some knowledge of that mysterious region, and he went in person, with a few attendants, over those lofty ranges to the headwaters of the Tennessee and Kentucky rivers. He made the first certain discovery of a passage through those everlasting hills; but the country was very little known to Europeans until the middle of the eighteenth century. Spottswood was a zealous friend of the College of William and Mary and of effort
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Stevenson, Andrew 1784-1857 (search)
Stevenson, Andrew 1784-1857 Legislator; born in Culpeper county, Va., in 1784; became early distinguished in the profession of law; was first elected to the State House of Delegates in 1804; served there several terms and was speaker of that body; was a Democratic Representative in Congress in 1823-34, and during the last seven years was speaker. In 1836 he was appointed minister to England, where he remained till 1841, and then became rector of the University of Virginia, which he served during the remainder of his life. He died in Blenheim, Va., Jan. 25, 1857.
e bog ore, still plentiful in that locality. At these works Joseph Jenks, a native of Hammersmith, England, in 1652, by order of the Province of Massachusetts Bay, coined silver shillings, sixpences, and threepences, known as the pine-tree coinage, from the device of a pine-tree on one side. Early in the eighteenth century, a smeltingfur-nace was erected in Virginia by Sir Alexander Spottswood, governor of Virginia, who lived at the Temple Farm, near Yorktown, Va. He had been wounded at Blenheim, where he served with Marlborough. He was the first to cross the Blue Ridge and see the Shenandoah Valley. He was appointed commander of the expedition to Carthagena, but died at Annapolis, Md., June, 1740, as the troops were about to embark. He was buried in the mausoleum from which the Temple Farm derived its name. In this expedition the elder brother of George Washington served, and on his return named his estate on the Potomac Mount Vernon, after the English admiral. The blast-fu
Thomas Wentworth Higginson, Book and heart: essays on literature and life, Chapter 21: international marriages (search)
with the dream of social equality. Again, if it be true, as even English liberals sometimes tell us, that the great show-places of Europe are worth what they cost to the whole community simply as public parks or pleasure-grounds, then there is no reason why Americans, who certainly enjoy them even more than Europeans, should not contribute their share-beyond the entering sixpence — to keep them up. Both countries were in a manner the losers, for instance, when the magnificent library at Blenheim was sold at auction to pay the debts of a spendthrift. It must always be remembered that individual wealth among Americans is greater in proportion than European wealth, because the latter is almost always encumbered with the necessity of keeping up costly establishments. Much of it, no doubt, will float back to Europe by change of residence or international marriages, and will serve either to keep up great historic places or for much worse purposes. But the problem of human civilization
William Swinton, Campaigns of the Army of the Potomac, chapter 3 (search)
his countrymen, enter as really into the problem with which he has to deal as the character of his enemy or the lines of military operation. A captain who is also king, may act in quite different wise from a captain responsible to a Cabinet or Congress. What a Caesar or a Napoleon might do, could not be imitated by a Wellington or a Eugene; and the history of the latter illustrious commander, and his equally illustrious colleague—Marlborough—shows, strikingly, how that even the victor of Blenheim and Ramilies had to conform the inspirations of his military genius to the dull wits of a Dutch States-General. McClellan, who had as yet done nothing to prove himself either a Wellington or a Eugene, should have made the lightest possible draft on the indulgence of the people. There is little or no doubt that, thus far, General McClellan had formed no other theory regarding the employment of the Army of the Potomac, than that which was common throughout the country; which, compendiousl
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