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Ulysses S. Grant, Personal Memoirs of U. S. Grant, The military situation-plans for the campaign-sheridan assigned to command of the cavalry-flank movements-forrest at Fort Pillow-General Banks's expedition-colonel Mosby-an incident of the Wilderness campaign (search)
ry from Ord's command will try to force a passage southward, if they are successful in reaching the Virginia and Tennessee Railroad, to cut the main lines of the road connecting Richmond with all the South and South-west. Gillmore will join Butler with about 10,000 men from South Carolina. Butler can reduce his garrison so as to take 23,000 men into the field directly to his front. The force will be commanded by Maj.-General W. F. Smith. With Smith and Gillmore, Butler will seize City Point, and operate against Richmond from the south side of the river. His movement will be simultaneous with yours. Lee's army will be your objective point. Wherever Lee goes, there you will go also. The only point upon which I am now in doubt is, whether it will be better to cross the Rapidan above or below him. Each plan presents great advantages over the other with corresponding objections. By crossing above, Lee is cut off from all chance of ignoring Richmond and going north on a rai
Ulysses S. Grant, Personal Memoirs of U. S. Grant, Commencement of the Grand campaign-general Butler's position-sheridan's first raid (search)
of road and burning the bridge over New River. Having accomplished this they recrossed the Alleghenies to Meadow Bluffs and there awaited further orders. Butler embarked at Fort Monroe with all his command, except the cavalry and some artillery which moved up the south bank of the James River. His steamers moved first up Chesapeake Bay and York River as if threatening the rear of Lee's army. At midnight they turned back, and Butler by daylight was far up the James River. He seized City Point and Bermuda Hundred early in the day [May 5], without loss and, no doubt, very much to the surprise of the enemy. This was the accomplishment of the first step contemplated in my instructions to Butler. He was to act from here, looking to Richmond as his objective point. I had given him to understand that I should aim to fight Lee between the Rapidan and Richmond if he would stand; but should Lee fall back into Richmond I would follow up and make a junction of the armies of the Potom
Ulysses S. Grant, Personal Memoirs of U. S. Grant, After the battle-telegraph and signal service- movement by the left flank (search)
gnals, the positions of different part of our own army, and often the movements of the enemy. They would also take off the signals of the enemy and transmit them. It would sometimes take too long a time to make translations of intercepted dispatches for us to receive any benefit from them. But sometimes they gave useful information. On the afternoon of the 7th I received news from Washington announcing that Sherman had probably attacked Johnston that day, and that Butler had reached City Point safely and taken it by surprise on the 5th. I had given orders for a movement by the left flank, fearing that Lee might move rapidly to Richmond to crush Butler before I could get there. My order for this movement was as follows: Headquarters Armies of the U. S., May 7, 1864, 6.30 A. M. Major-General Meade, Commanding A. P. Make all preparations during the day for a night march to take position at Spottsylvania [Spotsylvania] C. H. with one army corps, at Todd's Tavern with one,
Ulysses S. Grant, Personal Memoirs of U. S. Grant, Movement by the left flank-battle of North Anna-an incident of the March-moving on Richmond-South of the Pamunkey-position of the National Army (search)
Church Road. There was some skirmishing along the centre, and in the evening Early attacked Warren with some vigor, driving him back at first, and threatening to turn our left flank. As the best means of reinforcing the left, Hancock was ordered to attack in his front. He carried and held the rifle-pits. While this was going on Warren got his men up, repulsed Early, and drove him more than a mile. On this day I wrote to Halleck ordering all the pontoons in Washington to be sent to City Point. In the evening news was received of the arrival of Smith with his corps at White House. I notified Meade, in writing, as follows: Near Hawes' Shop, Va., 6.40 P. M., May 30, 1864. Major-General Meade, Commanding A. P. General Smith will debark his force at the White House to-night and start up the south bank of the Pamunkey at an early hour, probably at 3 A. M. in the morning. It is not improbable that the enemy, being aware of Smith's movement, will be feeling to get on our left fl
Ulysses S. Grant, Personal Memoirs of U. S. Grant, Left flank movement across the Chickahominy and James-General Lee-visit to Butler-the movement on Petersburg-the investment of Petersburg (search)
ossing the Chickahominy and marching near to City Point, or by going to the mouth of the Chickahomin, and to be in readiness to move by water to City Point. On the 8th Meade was directed to fortifime instructed to send all reinforcements to City Point. On the 11th I wrote: Cold Harbor, Va. river at the most practicable crossing below City Point. I directed several days ago that all rey on its arrival. If there is a point below City Point where a pontoon bridge can be thrown, have iole's Landing or Ferry, and there embark for City Point, losing no time for rest until they reach threached there, and to take boats at once for City Point, leaving his trains and artillery to move byhe way of White House, thence on steamers to City Point for the purpose of giving General Butler morencountered a rebel force intrenched between City Point and their lines outside of Petersburg. Thipt Hoke's division from Drury's Bluff, City Point, Va., June 17, 1864, 11 A. M. Major-Gen. Halle
Ulysses S. Grant, Personal Memoirs of U. S. Grant, Raid on the Virginia Central Railroad-raid on the Weldon Railroad-Early's movement upon Washington-mining the works before Petersburg-explosion of the mine before Petersburg- campaign in the Shenandoah Valley-capture of the Weldon Railroad (search)
very light on both sides in killed and wounded, but Sheridan got away with some five hundred prisoners and sent them to City Point. During that day, the 11th, Sheridan moved into Trevilian Station, and the following day proceeded to tear up the rbe charged, and the morning of the 30th of July was the time fixed for its explosion. I gave Meade minute orders City Point, Va., July 24, 1864 Major-General Meade, Commanding, etc. The engineer officers who made a survey of the front from Bend. On the 1st of August when I sent reinforcements for the protection of Washington, I sent the following orders: City Point, Va., August 1, 1864, 11.30 A. M. Major-General Halleck, Washington, D. C. I am sending General Sheridan for temporarfice U. S. Military telegraph, war Department Washington, D. C., August 3, 1864, cypher. 6 P. M., Lt.-General Grant, City Point, Va. I have seen your despatch in which you say, I want Sheridan put in command of all the troops in the field, with i
Ulysses S. Grant, Personal Memoirs of U. S. Grant, Sheridan's advance-visit to Sheridan-Sheridan's victory in the Shenandoah-Sheridan's ride to Winchester-close of the campaign for the winter (search)
be off before daylight on Monday. I told him then to make the attack at that time and according to his own plan; and I immediately started to return to the army about Richmond. After visiting Baltimore and Burlington, New Jersey, I arrived at City Point on the 19th. On the way out to Harpers Ferry I had met Mr. Robert Garrett, President of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad. He seemed very anxious to know when workmen might be put upon the road again so as to make repairs and put it in shapesition as a base from which to act against Charlottesville and Gordonsville; that he should fortify this position and provision it. Sheridan objected to this most decidedly; and I was impelled to telegraph him, on the 14th, as follows: City Point, Va., October 14, 1864, 12.30 P. M. Major-General Sheridan, Cedar Creek, Va. What I want is for you to threaten the Virginia Central Railroad and canal in the manner your judgment tells you is best, holding yourself ready to advance, if the en
Ulysses S. Grant, Personal Memoirs of U. S. Grant, The campaign in Georgia-Sherman's March to the sea-war anecdotes-the March on Savannah- investment of Savannah-capture of Savannah (search)
lse had to be done, but what that something else should be. On September 10th I telegraphed Sherman as follows: City Point, Va., Sept. 10, 1864 Major-General Sherman, Atlanta, Georgia. So soon as your men are sufficiently rested, and preparath I sent a special messenger, one of my own staff, with a letter inviting Sherman's views about the next campaign. City Point, Va., Sept. 12, 1864 Major-General W. T. Sherman, Commanding Mil. Division of the Mississippi. I send Lieutenant-Colonto be arranged between hostile commanders in the field. On the 27th of September I telegraphed Sherman as follows: City Point, Va., September 27, 1864, 10.30 A. M. Major-General Sherman: I have directed all recruits and new troops from the Western On this same vessel I sent an officer of my staff (Lieutenant Dunn) with the following letter to General Sherman: City Point, Va., Dec. 3, 1864 Major-General W. T. Sherman, Commanding Armies near Savannah, Ga. The little information gleaned fr
Ulysses S. Grant, Personal Memoirs of U. S. Grant, The battle of Franklin-the battle of Nashville (search)
nsequently urged Thomas in frequent dispatches sent from City Point to make the attack at once. The country was alarmed, thas he could. [Here are the Grant-Thomas messages] City Point, Va., December 2, 1864 Major-General Thomas, Nashville, Tens, citizens, etc. U. S. Grant, Lieutenant-General City Point, Va., December 2, 1864, 1.30 P. M. Major-General Thomas, Naive him no peace. U. S. Grant, Lieutenant-General City Point, Va., December 5, 1864. Major-General Thomas, Nashville, Te as it does you. U. S. Grant, Lieutenant-General City Point, Va., December 6, 1864, 4 P. M. Major-General Thomas, Nashvo the Ohio River. U. S. Grant, Lieutenant-General City Point, Va., December 8, 1864, 8.30 P. M. Major-General Thomas, Naand to the other. U. S. Grant, Lieutenant-General City Point, Va., December 11, 1864, 4 P. M. Major-General Thomas, Nash, Lieutenant-General General Logan happening to visit City Point about that time, and knowing him as a prompt, gallant an
Ulysses S. Grant, Personal Memoirs of U. S. Grant, Expedition against Fort Fisher-attack on the Fort-failure of the expedition-second expedition against the Fort-capture of Fort Fisher (search)
to effect a landing would be of itself a great victory, and if one should be effected, the foothold must not be relinquished; on the contrary, a regular siege of the fort must be commenced and, to guard against interference by reason of storms, supplies of provisions must be laid in as soon as they could be got on shore. But General Butler seems to have lost sight of this part of his instructions, and was back at Fort Monroe on the 28th. I telegraphed to the President as follows: City Point, Va., Dec. 28, 1864, 8.30 P. M. The Wilmington expedition has proven a gross and culpable failure. Many of the troops are back here. Delays and free talk of the object of the expedition enabled the enemy to move troops to Wilmington to defeat it. After the expedition sailed from Fort Monroe, three days of fine weather were squandered, during which the enemy was without a force to protect himself. Who is to blame will, I hope, be known. U. S. Grant, Lieutenant-General Porter sent
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