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that, though he had an army of twenty thousand men, tolerably equipped and familiar with the country, Rosecrans out-maneuvered him and accomplished his object in amusing so considerable a Confederate force. Certain it is that, after fronting Lee at Big Sewell for ten or twelve days, he suddenly withdrew in the night, without giving the former even a chance for a fight. The dissatisfaction was universal and outspoken; nor was it relieved by the several brilliant episodes of Gauley and Cotton Hill, that General Floyd managed to throw into his dark surroundings. It is hard to tell how much foundation the press and the public had for this opinion. There had been no decisive disaster, if there had been no actual gain; and the main result had been to maim men and show that both sides would fight; well enough to leave all collisions matters of doubt. It may not here be out of place to correct a false impression that has crept into the history of the times regarding General Floy
J. B. Jones, A Rebel War Clerk's Diary, chapter 9 (search)
the county seat, and made him (I suppose) assist in raising the United States flag over the court-house. November 23 J. C. Breckinridge and Humphrey Marshall, of Kentucky, have been here; and both have been made brigadiergenerals, and assigned to duty in the West. Although the former retained his seat in the Senate of the United States for many months after the war began, no one doubts that he is now with us, and will do good service. November 24 Gen. Floyd has retreated from Cotton Hill, and the enemy threatens our western communications. Gen. Lee has been sent to Western Virginia, but it is not an adequate field for him. He should have command of the largest army in the service, for his is one of the most capacious minds we have. November 25 Yesterday Fort Pickens opened fire on our batteries at Pensacola, but without effect. One of their ships was badly crippled. November 26 The enemy occupy Tybee Island, and threaten Savannah. Vice-President Stephens wa
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 4. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), Editorial Paragraphs. (search)
ng Defence of Vicksburg by Maj.-Gen. Earl Van Dorn and the Attack upon Baton Rouge by Maj.-Gen. Breckinridge, together with the Reports of Battles of Corinth and Hatchie Bridge; The Expedition to Hartsville, Tennessee; The Affair at Pocotaligo and Yemassee; The Action near Coffeeville, Mississippi; The Action and Casualties of the Brigade of Col. Simonton at Fort Donelson. Reports of the Attack by the Enemy's Fleet on Fort McAllister, February 1st, 1863; Engagement at Fayette Courthouse, Cotton Hill, Gauley, Charleston, and Pursuit of the Enemy to the Ohio; of the Operations of Brig.-Gen. Rodes' Brigade at Seven Pines; and of the Capture of the Gunboat J. P. Smith in Stono River. Report of Maj.-Gen. Polk of the Battle of 7th November, 1861, near Columbus, Ky. Report of Gen. Jos. E. Johnston of his Operations in the Departments of Mississippi and East Louisiana, together with Lieut.-Gen. Pemberton's Report of the Battles of Port Gibson, Baker's Creek, and the Siege of Vicksburg. Cor
which has heretofore made up the circulating medium in the transactions of business, and has, from some cause, almost entirely disappeared.--N. Y. World, Nov. 29. The New York Chamber of Commerce, upon the occasion of the retirement of Gen. Scott, adopted a series of resolutions highly appreciative of his great services.--(Doc. 135.) This day a battery of two rifled cannon was opened from Gen. Rosecrans' position on the New River, Va., and silenced the rebel battery opposite on Cotton Hill. The rebel battery thus silenced had been opened on the 30th ult., and by its command of the only road by which Gen. Rosecrans' position could be reached from Gauley Bridge, it had maintained a siege ever since, and supply trains previously run at all hours had been run only at night. By its silence the siege thus established was raised.--(Doc. 136.) The United States fleet, under command of Commodore S. F. Dupont, achieved a great victory to-day on the coast of South Carolina. Th
rk's Station, seven miles east of Tipton, Mo., to-night. Col. Deitzler, on hearing of it, sent a squad of cavalry, under command of Lieut. Shriver, from the First Iowa regiment, in pursuit. All the gang but one were captured, and the property recovered.--(Doc. 148.) Gen. Benham, with his brigade, crossed the Kanawha River near the mouth of Loup Creek, Western Virginia, and marched forward on the road to Fayetteville Court House, to get in the rear of the rebel army under Floyd, on Cotton Hill, at the junction of the New, Gauley and Kanawha Rivers.--Part of Gen. Cox's brigade at the same time crossed the New River near Gauley, and attacked Floyd's force in front. After a slight skirmish, the rebels fell back to Dickenson's Farm, four miles, and at night retreated toward Raleigh.--(Doc. 149.) One hundred and fifty Union men of the Ninth Virginia regiment were surprised by seven hundred rebels under one Jenkins, at Guyandotte, in Western Virginia, and all killed or taken pr
nationality, which shall be indorsed by the Passport Clerk, registered, with date of register. All false or simulated claims of foreign alliance by native or naturalized citizens will be severely punished. General Loring, the rebel commander at Charleston, Va., issued the following order this day: The Commanding General congratulates the army on the brilliant march from the Southwest to this place in one week, and on its successive victories over the enemy at Fayette Court-House, Cotton Hill, and Charleston. It will be memorable in history that, overcoming the mountains and the enemy in one week, you have established the laws and carried the flag of the country to the outer borders of the Confederacy. Instances of gallantry and patriotic devotion are too numerous to be specially designated at this time; but to brigade commanders and their officers and men, the Commanding General makes grateful acknowledgment for services to which our brilliant success is owing. The country
Rebellion Record: a Diary of American Events: Documents and Narratives, Volume 3. (ed. Frank Moore), Doc. 136. siege of Cotton Hill, Va., October 30 to November 7, 1861. (search)
Doc. 136. siege of Cotton Hill, Va., October 30 to November 7, 1861. A correspondent at the camp of the Second Kentucky regiment, in Western Virginia, gives the following account of the siege: camp Tompkins, Western Virginia, Nov. 8, 1861. For the past eight days the roar of artillery and musketry has been the only music we have danced to, and even while I write the booming of cannon still falls on my weary ear. The camp of our Second Kentucky regiment and the Headquarters of Generals Rosecrans and Cox are situated on top of Gauley Mount, on the farm of Colonel Tompkins, now in the rebel army, a gentleman of strong Southern proclivities, a graduate of West Point, and formerly in the United States army. This farm is his summer residence, he and his wife being residents of Richmond; she now occupies the house with her family, while he is somewhere in the neighborhood, assisting Floyd in driving the invaders from the soil. From our camp the road descends abruptly to the ri
s held their position until the morning. Satisfied with this dash, and not waiting the advance of our reserve, the enemy withdrew to their camp. In the morning, Col. De Villiers, with a part of his regiment and a detachment from the Second Kentucky, made a bold movement toward the enemy's camp, exchanging fire with their outposts and still advancing. A ball grazed the colonel's ear, slightly abrading the skin. The enemy withdrew at his approach,abandoning their principal encampment at Cotton Hill. Thus the first aggressive movement was successfully made by the Eleventh Ohio regiment, supported in the latter part of the engagement by reinforcements from the other two regiments of Gen. Cox's brigade, the First and Second Kentucky. General Cox took the initiative and fairly and alone drove the enemy from their position, by a bold movement across the river at its widest point, and up precipitous ascents which would have discouraged any less enthusiastic soldiers than those under h
welfth, and Thirteenth regiments, to occupy Cotton Hill, there having been previously stationed by eventh regiment, to endeavor to reach me at Cotton Hill by a march to the left of Cassidy's Mills b; thence to the right, some five miles over Cotton Hill to Herschberger's by three P. M., where at ty-one miles from our previous bivouac near Cotton Hill, we found the expected steep hill some two loyd retreated the night of the skirmish at Cotton Hill, leaving a strong rear guard behind him. Neck gradually from all his positions, except Cotton Hill, near the junction of the three rivers. Heand bold pursuit, until upon our arrival at Cotton Hill, where our progress was suddenly impeded by 1861. Sir: General Floyd's retreat from Cotton Hill, having been referred to by his friends as led account of General Floyd's retreat from Cotton Hill, although you may have heard various accoun the enemy made strong demonstrations, near Cotton Hill, of an attack on the next day, and General [1 more...]
et the Twenty-second Virginia regiment, an old regiment, organized a year ago in the Kanawha valley, and containing the elite rebels of that region. They had met Gen. Cox at Scarey, Col. Tyler at Cross Lanes, Gen. Rosecrans at Carnifex and at Cotton Hill, and lately, General Cox at Giles Court-House ; and boasted that they had never yet been defeated. The regiment was large, and very confident. After the Thirty-sixth had formed its line of battle, it marched up a steep pitch, almost a ledge; the Thirty-sixth met with a more stubborn resistance. The enemy (the Twenty-second Virginia) was organized in the Kanawha valley, and made up largely of the rebel elite of that region, and had been in several battles, Scarey Creek, Carnifex, Cotton Hill, and Giles Court-House, and boasted of its invincibility. They declared that they would be in possession of Lewisburgh in half an hour. They fought bravely, but, notwithstanding the advantages of position and the cover of high, large rail-fe
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