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l energy and spontaneous industry of the population in such a way as to work marvels of achievement. Utah was transferred, by the treaty of 1848, from Mexico to the United States. The question was thus revived, whether it were better to pursue their pilgrimage still farther, encountering Apache cruelty and Mexican bigotry, or to trust to their isolation, and build up the kingdom on United States territory. The Mormons chose the latter course. Early in 1849 they organized the State of Deseret; but Congress ignored it, and, in September, 1850, created instead the Territory of Utah. President Fillmore appointed Brigham Young Governor; and he took the oath of office February 3, 1851. Stenhouse says, Rocky Mountain Saints, p. 275. President Fillmore appointed Brigham on the recommendation of Colonel Thomas L. Kane, and upon the assurance of that gentleman that the charges against Brigham Young's Christian morality were unfounded. A judge, the attorney, and the marshal of the di
Doc. 113.-battle of bear River, W. T. Deseret news account. Deseret, February 10. in the last issue of the News, and the one preceding that, we noticed, as far as we had information, the expedition for the arrest of Indian chiefs, and the fight with the Indians. The volunteers have now returned to their quarters on the beach, east of the city, and through them we learn the facts in detail of the expedition, and of a hard-fought battle, which, though in a locality outside of our tDeseret, February 10. in the last issue of the News, and the one preceding that, we noticed, as far as we had information, the expedition for the arrest of Indian chiefs, and the fight with the Indians. The volunteers have now returned to their quarters on the beach, east of the city, and through them we learn the facts in detail of the expedition, and of a hard-fought battle, which, though in a locality outside of our territorial limits, will not be the less felt in its results by our citizens. As we have been freely furnished with what information we have requested, we give it as freely to our readers at home and abroad. At the time we noticed the departure of the infantry under Captain Hoyt, and of the cavalry under Major McGarry We now learn that the former had sixty-nine men of company K, Third infantry, and the latter had two hundred and twenty men of companies A, H, M, and K, Second cavalry. These,
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Deseret, proposed State of. (search)
Deseret, proposed State of. See Mormons.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Mormons, (search)
Lake. They built a fort, planted seed, and with solemn ceremonies the land was consecrated to the Lord. In the spring of 1848 fields were seeded, crops were raised, and the blessings of plenty ensued. The inhabitants of Kane pressed forward to the new Canaan; other Saints followed; and the New Jerusalem was laid out within an area of 4 square miles, and called Salt Lake City. A large number of converts arrived from Europe, and in 1849 the Mormons organized an independent State, called Deseret— the land of the honey-bee. A legislature was elected, and a constitution framed and sent to Washington. Congress refused to recognize it, but formed a territorial government for their country under the name of Utah (q. v.), and appointed Brigham Young territorial governor. On Aug. 29, 1852, the doctrine of polygamy was openly announced as a divine revelation and a tenet of the Church. From the establishment of Utah as a Territory the authority of the United States was constantly disre
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Omnibus bill, the (search)
a committee of thirteen—six Southern members and six Northern members—they to choose the thirteenth. This resolution was adopted April 18; the committee was appointed, and Mr. Clay was made chairman of it. On May 8, Mr. Clay reported a plan of compromise in a series of bills substantially the same as that of Jan. 29. It was called an omnibus bill. Long debates ensued, and on July 31 the whole batch was rejected except the proposition to establish a territory in the Mormon settlements in Deseret, called Utah. Then the compromise measures contained in the omnibus bill were taken up separately. In August a bill for the admission of California passed the Senate; also for providing a territorial government for New Mexico. In September a fugitive slave bill passed the Senate; also a bill for the suppression of the slave-trade in the District of Columbia. All of these bills were adopted in the House of Representatives in September, and received the signature of President Fillmore. S
M. Goodyear, who held it by Spanish grant as early as 1841......June 6, 1848 Provisional government for the State of Deseret, with capital at Salt Lake City, formed by a convention which met at Salt Lake City, March 4, and chose Brigham Young goumming visits Salt Lake City with Colonel Kane, leaving Camp Scott......April 5, 1858 A constitution for the State of Deseret, formed by a people's convention at Salt Lake City in March, 1856, is tabled in the United States Senate. April 20, 1858 and leaves Salt Lake City......May, 1861 Another convention meets, Jan. 20, finishes a constitution for the State of Deseret, Jan. 23, ratified by the people......March 3, 1862 Act of Congress passed to punish and prevent polygamy in the Terrvicted of murder in the second degree......March, 1863 Gov. James Duane Doty dies......June 13, 1865 University of Deseret at Salt Lake City, chartered 1850, organized......March 8, 1869 Gov. J. Wilson Shaffer by proclamation forbids the re
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), State of Utah, State of (search)
State of Utah, State of Formed a part of the territory acquired from Mexico in 1848. It was settled in 1847 by Mormons, led thither by Brigham Young. They formed an independent government and called it the State of Deseret—the land of the honeybee—in March, 1849. This was superseded by a territorial government, organized by act of Congress, Sept. 9, 1850, under the name of Utah, the name of an Indian tribe. It then contained over 220,000 square miles, embracing portions of what are now Colorado, Nevada, and Wyoming. In 1856, having a requisite number of in- On the shore of the Great Salt Lake. habitants, the legislature framed a constitution for the State of Deseret, and application was afterwards frequently made for its admission into the Union. without success till 1896, when it was regularly admitted, with an area of 84,928 square miles. Territorial governors Brigham Youngassumes office1851 Alfred Cummingassumes office1857 John W. Dawsonassumes office1861 Step