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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 12 0 Browse Search
Benjamin Cutter, William R. Cutter, History of the town of Arlington, Massachusetts, ormerly the second precinct in Cambridge, or District of Menotomy, afterward the town of West Cambridge. 1635-1879 with a genealogical register of the inhabitants of the precinct. 6 0 Browse Search
HISTORY OF THE TOWN OF MEDFORD, Middlesex County, Massachusetts, FROM ITS FIRST SETTLEMENT, IN 1630, TO THE PRESENT TIME, 1855. (ed. Charles Brooks) 4 0 Browse Search
Historic leaves, volume 1, April, 1902 - January, 1903 4 0 Browse Search
Medford Historical Society Papers, Volume 28. 4 0 Browse Search
Medford Historical Society Papers, Volume 8. 4 0 Browse Search
Edward H. Savage, author of Police Recollections; Or Boston by Daylight and Gas-Light ., Boston events: a brief mention and the date of more than 5,000 events that transpired in Boston from 1630 to 1880, covering a period of 250 years, together with other occurrences of interest, arranged in alphabetical order 2 0 Browse Search
The Daily Dispatch: February 25, 1865., [Electronic resource] 2 0 Browse Search
George Bancroft, History of the United States from the Discovery of the American Continent, Vol. 7, 4th edition. 2 0 Browse Search
George Bancroft, History of the United States from the Discovery of the American Continent, Vol. 8 2 0 Browse Search
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rly, and, in 1766, married Miss Judith Wood, by whom he had four daughters and one son. That son he named Ebenezer, who now resides in Boston, is nearly eighty years of age, and one of our most distinguished merchants. Colonel Francis had three brothers, who became officers in the Revolutionary army, and did their native Medford credit. Ebenezer was commissioned as Captain by the Continental Congress, July 1, 1775 ; next year rose to the rank of Colonel, and commanded a regiment on Dorchester Heights from August to December, 1776. Authorized by Congress, he raised the eleventh Massachusetts regiment, and, in January, 1777, marched at the head of it to Ticonderoga. Monday, July 7, 1777, a skirmish took place between the eleventh Massachusetts regiment and the British, at Hubbardton, near Whitehall, N. Y., in which Colonel Francis fell. A private journal of Captain Greenleaf, now in the library of the Massachusetts Historical Society, says:-- Colonel Francis first received a ba
ten called to visit the sick at Harvard College; and, though not rich himself, never demanded fees except from rich students. It is indicative of the industry and economy of that age, that, while his oldest son, Simon, was at college, his father placed him in the family of Mr. Foxcraft, the County Register of Deeds, that he might pay for his board by writing in the office. Dr. John Thomas was a medical student under his care, and, at the commencement of the Revolution, commanded at Dorchester Heights, and afterwards at Ticonderoga, where he died of the smallpox. The following lines were from the pen of his son, Dr. Cotton Tufts, of Weymouth :-- Upon the death of my honored father, Simon Tufts, Esq., who died suddenly, Jan. 31, 1747, in the evening. Death seized, and snatched my tender father hence, To live enthroned in happiness immense. Religion, grace, and truth possessed his soul; And heaven-born love he breathed from pole to pole. His grateful country owned his signa
bler, if necessary. Dear me! how easily Darby did it all: he just asked one question, received an answer, tucked me under his arm, and in ten minutes I stood in the presence of Mc K., the Desired. Now my troubles are over, thought I, and as usual was direfully mistaken. You will have to get a pass from Dr. H., in Temple Place, before I can give you a pass, madam, answered Me K., as blandly as if he wasn't carrying desolation to my soul. Oh, indeed! why didn't he send me to Dorchester Heights, India Wharf, or Bunker Hill Monument, and done with it? Here I was, after a morning's tramp, down in some place about Dock Square, and was told to step to Temple Place. Nor was that all; he might as well have asked me to catch a humming-bird, toast a salamander, or call on the man in the moon, as find a Doctor at home at the busiest hour of the day. It was a blow; but weariness had extinguished enthusiasm, and resignation clothed me as a garment. I sent Darby for Joan, and doggedly
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Boston, (search)
ved to leave camp in a body. Many did go, and never came back. But at that dark hour new and patriotic efforts were made to keep up the army, and at the close of the year nearly all the regiments were full, and 10,000 minute-men in New England stood ready to swell the ranks. On Jan. 1, 1776, the new army was organized, and consisted of about 10,000 men. The British troops in Boston numbered about 8,000, exclusive of marines on the ships-of-war. They were well View of Boston from Dorchester Heights in 1774. supplied with provisions, and, having been promised ample reinforcements in the spring, they were prepared to sit quietly in Boston and wait for them. They converted the Old South Meeting-house into a riding-school, and Faneuil Hall into a theatre, while Washington, yet wanting ammunition to begin a vigorous attack, was chafing with impatience to break up the nest. He waited for the ice in the rivers to become strong enough to allow his troops and artillery to cross over on
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Brooks, John, 1752- (search)
Brooks, John, 1752- Soldier and statesman; born in Medford, Mass., May 31, 1752; received a common-school education, studied medicine, and settled in its practice at Reading, where he commanded a company of minute-men when the Revolution began. With his men he was engaged in the affairs of April 19, 1775, at Lexington and Concord. Brooks was active in intrenching Breed's Hill (see Bunker Hill) on the night of June 16, 1775, and was major of a regiment that assisted in fortifying Dorchester Heights. Early in 1776 he accompanied it to Long Island, and fought there. The battle of White Plains tested his capacity as a disciplinarian and leader; and early in 1777 he was promoted to lieutenant-colonel of the 8th Massachusetts Regiment, which was chiefly recruited by himself. He became colonel of the 7th Massachusetts Regiment late in 1778; and he accompanied Arnold on his expedition to relieve Fort Stanwix in 1777. He led his regiment in battle with great prowess and success at Sa
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Bunker Hill, battle of. (search)
es, and some heavy cannon. The Rhode Island forces were at Jamaica Plain, under General Greene, with a regiment of Connecticut troops under General Spencer. General Ward commanded the left wing at Cambridge. The Connecticut and New Hampshire troops were in the vicinity. It was made known to the committee of safety that General Gage had fixed upon the night of the 18th of June to sally out and take possession of and fortify Bunker Hill (an elevation not far from Charlestown) ; also Dorchester Heights, south of Boston. Both of these points would command the town. The eager provincials determined to anticipate this movement, and the Massachusetts committee of safety ordered Col. William Prescott to march, on the evening of the 16th, with 1,000 men, including a company of artillery, with two field-pieces, to take possession of and fortify Bunker Hill. This force, after a prayer by President Langdon, of Harvard, passed over Charlestown Neck; but, going by Bunker Hill, they ascended
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Gridley, Richard 1711-1796 (search)
Gridley, Richard 1711-1796 Military officer; born in Boston, Mass., Jan. 3, 1711; was a skilful engineer and artillerist; and chief engineer in the siege of Louisburg, in 1745. He entered the service, as colonel of infantry, in 1755; was in the expedition to Crown Point, under General Winslow, planned the fortifications at Lake George (Fort George and Fort William Henry); served under Amherst; and was with Wolfe at Quebec. He retired as a British officer on half-pay for life. Espousing the cause of the patriots, he was appointed chief engineer of the army that gathered at Cambridge; planned the works on Bunker Hill and Dorchester Heights; and was in the battle there, in which he was wounded. He was active in planning the fortifications around Boston, and in September, 1775, he was commissioned a major-general in the provincial army of Massachusetts. He was commander of the Continental artillery until superseded by Knox. He died in Stoughton, Mass., June 20, 1796.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Hull, William 1753-1825 (search)
Hull, William 1753-1825 Military officer; born in Derby, Conn., June 24, 1753; graduated at Yale College in 1772; studied divinity a year; then became a student at the Litchfield Law School; and was admitted to the bar in 1775. He soon afterwards became captain in Webb's regiment, and joined the Continental army at Cambridge. He behaved bravely at Dorchester Heights, White Plains, Trenton, and Princeton, and after the battle at the latter place he was promoted to major. Through all the most conspicuous battles in the North, Hull was active and courageous, and a participant in the capture of Cornwallis. He served as inspector under Baron von Steuben; was promoted to lieutenant-colonel in 1779; and soon afterwards to colonel. Isaac Hull's monument. Hull practised law with reputation at Newton after the war, was a leading member of the Massachusetts legislature in both houses, and was a noted man in wealth and reputation in that State when he became major-general of militia.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Massachusetts (search)
general), 305 wounded, and thirty captured; British loss was 226 killed and 828 wounded. Charlestown burned by the British the same day; estimated loss £ 118,000. General Washington reaches the army at Cambridge......July 2, 1775 General Gage recalled; he sails for England......Oct. 10, 1775 [General Howe in command of the British forces in Boston.] A heavy cannonade is opened upon Boston from all the American batteries, evening of......March 2, 1776 Americans occupy Dorchester Heights and throw up strong intrenchments, night of......March 4, 1776 British evacuate Boston......March 17, 1776 Seven thousand soldiers, 4,000 seamen, and 1,500 families of loyalists sail for Halifax......March 17, 1776 Americans enter Boston......March 20, 1776 Reading of the Declaration of Independence in Boston from the balcony of the State-house......July 18, 1776 [At the same time the King's arms are removed.] Massachusetts quota of troops to serve for three years or
on by the British army. Feb. 25, 1776, some heavy cannon were mounted on the works at Lechmere's Point. March 2d, at night a cannonade and bombardment began at the American works on Cobble Hill and Lechmere's Point on the Cambridge side, and at Lamb's Dam on the Roxbury side, against the British works; and a number of shells were thrown into Boston. March 4th. There was an almost incessant roar of cannon and mortars during the night, on both sides. The Americans took possession of Dorchester heights, and nearly completed their works on both hills by morning. March 9th, there was, during the evening and night, a continual roar of cannon and mortars, from the Castle and lines on Boston neck, south end of that town, as well as from the Americans at Roxbury, Cobble Hill, and Lechmere's Point at Cambridge. The position of Gen. Howe had now become utterly untenable, and on the 17th of March, in the morning, the British evacuated Boston; their rear guard with some marks of precipitanc
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