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Joseph T. Derry , A. M. , Author of School History of the United States; Story of the Confederate War, etc., Confederate Military History, a library of Confederate States Military History: Volume 6, Georgia (ed. Clement Anselm Evans), Chapter 14: (search)
ce it did not again enter Tennessee until a year later. Cleburne halted on the night of the 26th on the banks of the ice-cold waters of the main branch of Chickamauga creek at Ringgold. There he received orders to take a strong position in the gorge of Taylor's ridge at that place, and check the pursuit of the enemy and punish Arkansas, Texas, Alabama and Mississippi soldiery engaged may not be unnecessarily repeated here. The town of Ringgold stands on a plain between the east Chickamauga creek and Taylor's ridge, on the Western & Atlantic railroad, about 200 miles southeast of Chattanooga. Taylor's ridge, which rises up immediately back of the to the gap. Cleburne had scarcely half an hour to make these dispositions, when he was informed that the enemy's skirmishers were pushing his cavalry across Chickamauga creek, and immediately afterward the cavalry retreated through the gap at a trot, and the valley in front was clear. But close in rear of the ridge the immense ar
Col. J. Stoddard Johnston, Confederate Military History, a library of Confederate States Military History: Volume 9.1, Kentucky (ed. Clement Anselm Evans), Chapter 17: (search)
gold, when it was discovered that the report was false. Bragg's whole army was between the wings of Rosecrans', which were almost fifty miles apart. He tried to crush the right wing under Thomas at McLemore's Cove, but it evaded battle and with McCook's and Crittenden's corps turned toward Chattanooga for better security. Bragg then also moved towards Chattanooga, aiming to intercept Rosecrans and cut him off from his stronghold. On the afternoon of the 18th of September he crossed Chickamauga creek at Lee & Gordon's mill, with the view of throwing himself across the main road leading from Crawfish Springs to Chattanooga. Thomas, divining his purpose, crossed the creek at Crawfish Springs and by a night march parallel to Bragg, secured the position he occupied in the subsequent battle. The morning of the 19th found Bragg in the act of forming his line in a direction generally parallel with the road to Chattanooga, with his left wing resting on the Chickamauga at Lee & Gordon's
Chapter 17: Battle of Murfreesboro gallant record of Adams' brigade the Washington artillery Tullahoma campaign the great conflict on Chickamauga Creek Adams' brigade Turns the Federal line action of other Louisiana commands. The next encounter of the armies was in Tennessee. Rosecrans, the new commander of trtunate delays and the opportunity was lost. By September 18th the scattered Federal wings joined Rosecrans and as the reunited army of the Cumberland faced Chickamauga creek with Bragg's army on the east bank. Rosecrans awaited the inevitable attack, and meanwhile prudently placed Thomas in command of his left. Against Chickathe advance of Granger's corps, within nine miles of Chattanooga. Next day he was with Pegram and Forrest in the first gallant fight with the enemy west of Chickamauga creek; on the 21st was in the attack on Missionary ridge, and next day, crossing the ridge, drove an Ohio regiment into Chattanooga, attacked the enemy in his intr
eys running southward from Chattanooga, he threatened to strike Dalton and leave Chattanooga twenty-five miles to the north. It is thought Bragg should have held Chattanooga, since to leave it was to lose all east Tennessee south of Knoxville. But Bragg hesitated to risk his communications with Georgia, and he therefore moved out of that city September 8th, with an effective force of 40,000. Rosecrans' force in the field was about 65,000. Bragg took position between the branches of Chickamauga creek, extending his line from Ringgold southward to Lafayette. Cleburne's division now comprised the brigades of S. A. M. Wood, L. E. Polk and James Deshler (formerly Churchill's). Liddell commanded a division of W. H. T. Walker's corps, composed of his own brigade, under Col. D. C. Govan, and Walthall's Mississippi brigade. McNair's brigade, returned from Mississippi, was in Bushrod Johnson's division of Buckner's corps. General Hindman commanded a division of Mississippi and Alabama
he sun burned them, they endured. They used water from shallow wells, and had daily rations of three ounces of musty cornmeal and pea-flour. Yet when they were surrendered, they wept. They were 468 strong May 17th, and lost 38 killed and 73 wounded. Eleven died of privation or sickness, 4 of wounds. Capt. A. F. Gammell and Lieut. Robert S. Henry were among the killed; Lieut. William F Kirk died of wounds. Chickamauga. General Bragg's army, falling back into Georgia, fought on Chickamauga creek, September 19th and 20th, the greatest battle of the war in the West. The Texas organizations which participated in this famous victory were assigned as follows: Sixth, Tenth and Fifteenth dismounted cavalry, consolidated, under Col. Roger Q. Mills; the Seventeenth, Eighteenth, Twenty-fourth and Twenty-fifth Wilkes; and Douglas' battery, in the brigade of Gen. James Deshler, Cleburne's division, D. H. Hill's corps. In Walker's reserve corps was General Ector's brigade, including the
Capt. Calvin D. Cowles , 23d U. S. Infantry, Major George B. Davis , U. S. Army, Leslie J. Perry, Joseph W. Kirkley, The Official Military Atlas of the Civil War, Index. (search)
kamauga, Sept. 19-20, 1863 30, 6; 46, 1, 46, 2, 46, 4; 47, 2, 47, 3, 47, 7; 96, 3; 97, 3; 98, 2; 101, 20; 111, 9 Theater of operations 48, 1 Chickamauga Creek, Ga. 47, 3; 58, 2; 101, 3 Chickamauga Creek, Ga., and Tenn. 57, 1-57, 3; 101, 1, 101, 20 Chickamauga Creek, Tenn. 24, 3; 50, 5 Chickamauga SChickamauga Creek, Ga., and Tenn. 57, 1-57, 3; 101, 1, 101, 20 Chickamauga Creek, Tenn. 24, 3; 50, 5 Chickamauga Station, Tenn. 48, 1; 49, 2; 50, 5; 57, 1, 57, 2; 58, 2; 97, 1; 101, 1; 111, 9; 118, 1 Chickasaw, Ala. 24, 3; 72, 6; 78, 3; 117, 1; 118, 1; 149, D2 Chickasaw Bayou, Miss. 27, 2; 36, 1; 37, 4; 51, 1 Chicotville, La. 52, 1 Chihuahua, Mexico 54, 1; 98, 1 Chiricahua Mountains, Ariz. Ter. 98, 1 ChoctawhChickamauga Creek, Tenn. 24, 3; 50, 5 Chickamauga Station, Tenn. 48, 1; 49, 2; 50, 5; 57, 1, 57, 2; 58, 2; 97, 1; 101, 1; 111, 9; 118, 1 Chickasaw, Ala. 24, 3; 72, 6; 78, 3; 117, 1; 118, 1; 149, D2 Chickasaw Bayou, Miss. 27, 2; 36, 1; 37, 4; 51, 1 Chicotville, La. 52, 1 Chihuahua, Mexico 54, 1; 98, 1 Chiricahua Mountains, Ariz. Ter. 98, 1 Choctawhatchee Bay, Fla. 110, 1; 135-A; 147, E8 Chowan River, N. C. 138, C10 Christiana, Tenn. 24, 3; 30, 2; 32, 5; 34, 1; 118, 1; 149, A7 Christiansburg, Ky. 151, F11 Chuckatuck, Va. 93, 1 Chulahoma, Miss. 154, C11 Chula Station, Va. 16, 1; 74, 1; 78, 1; 93, 1; 100, 1; 137, F6 Chunkey Creek, Mi
d by intervals of nearly twenty miles; the extreme right of Rosecrans was forty miles from the left of his army, with almost impenetrable mountains between. While in this position, he was threatened by Bragg, but got his forces together at Chickamauga creek by the 19th of September, although with infinite difficulty. Here Bragg attacked, and after two days fighting, succeeded in piercing the national centre, and demolishing the right wing of the army. Rosecrans himself hurried to Chattanoogae out in company with Grant, Thomas, and other officers, to the hills on the north bank of the Tennessee, from which could be seen the camps of the enemy compassing Chattanooga, and the line of Missionary ridge, with its eastern terminus on Chickamauga creek, the point which Sherman was expected to take, and hold, and fortify. A mighty amphitheatre, where the actors were nearly ready to assume their parts, with distant mountains for spectators, while cloud-capped hills, and valleys shrouded in
column of direction, and followed substantially the course of Chickamauga creek; the centre, John E. Smith, in columns, doubled on the centreon was left on the hill already gained, one closed the gap to Chickamauga creek, two were drawn back to the base of the hill, in reserve; andionary ridge, and his right is now at the tunnel, and left at Chickamauga creek. Troops from Lookout valley carried the point of the mountaiery and trains. Those who escaped capture were driven across Chickamauga creek, where they burned the bridges, almost while they passed. depot. Howard had been posted to connect Sherman's left with Chickamauga creek. He was now ordered to repair an old broken bridge, about twh Sherman's column here. Hooker, meanwhile, had arrived at Chickamauga creek, and found the bridge destroyed; his pontoons were not up, ane hurry and confusion of flight, and before the east fork of Chickamauga creek was reached, a large number of prisoners had been taken. Soo
rt 2—(943) Capt. M. L. Kirkpatrick, Hagan's brigade, Martin's division, Wheeler's cavalry, July 31, 1863. (960) August 10th, in Col. John T. Morgan's brigade, General Wheeler's corps. No. 50—(232) October, 1863, in Colonel Hagan's brigade, Wheeler's cavalry corps. No. 51—(19) In Col. John T. Morgan's brigade, General Wheeler's corps, Chickamauga campaign. No. 52—(332, 449, 485, 486) Union reports, on the road to Trenton, September 3, 1863; near Lafayette, September 8th; fight at Chickamauga creek, September 9th. No. 54—(453) November 30, 1863, in Gen. John T. Morgan's brigade, Martin's division, Wheeler's cavalry. No. 55, No. 56—Assignment as above, to December, 1863. December 31st, Russell's brigade, Morgan's division, Wheeler's cavalry. No. 59—(870) April 30, 1864, in Morgan's brigade, General Wheeler's corps. No. 73—(819-822) Mentioned by Colonel Minty (Union), in fight at McAfee's, June 11th, and near Noonday creek, Ga., June 21, 1864.
Colonel Charles E. Hooker, Confederate Military History, a library of Confederate States Military History: Volume 12.2, Mississippi (ed. Clement Anselm Evans), Biographical. (search)
ywhere at any time during the war. It was sublimely heroic under fearfully exasperating circumstances. Then transferred to Missionary ridge, with his 600 remaining men, Walthall's heroic qualities shone out in the midst of fatal disaster. Throwing his brigade across the ridge, he checked the headlong rush of the enemy, and after nightfall withdrew in good order. Though wounded in the foot he kept in the saddle until the fight was over, and his men went into camp on the other side of Chickamauga creek. He shared the honors of his division and corps commanders, Cheatham and Hardee, and was mentioned by Bragg as distinguished for coolness, gallantry and successful conduct throughout the engagements and in the rear guard on the retreat. Going into the Atlanta campaign with his brigade in Hood's corps, he held for two days with great steadiness under the concentrated fire of the enemy, an important position on the field of Resaca, and was promoted major-general and given command of Ca
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