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William Schouler, A history of Massachusetts in the Civil War: Volume 1 2 0 Browse Search
Thomas Wentworth Higginson, Harvard Memorial Biographies 2 0 Browse Search
Frederick H. Dyer, Compendium of the War of the Rebellion: Battles 2 0 Browse Search
Colonel William Preston Johnston, The Life of General Albert Sidney Johnston : His Service in the Armies of the United States, the Republic of Texas, and the Confederate States. 2 0 Browse Search
William F. Fox, Lt. Col. U. S. V., Regimental Losses in the American Civil War, 1861-1865: A Treatise on the extent and nature of the mortuary losses in the Union regiments, with full and exhaustive statistics compiled from the official records on file in the state military bureaus and at Washington 2 0 Browse Search
Horace Greeley, The American Conflict: A History of the Great Rebellion in the United States of America, 1860-65: its Causes, Incidents, and Results: Intended to exhibit especially its moral and political phases with the drift and progress of American opinion respecting human slavery from 1776 to the close of the War for the Union. Volume I. 2 0 Browse Search
G. S. Hillard, Life and Campaigns of George B. McClellan, Major-General , U. S. Army 2 0 Browse Search
The Daily Dispatch: April 15, 1861., [Electronic resource] 2 0 Browse Search
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 1. 2 0 Browse Search
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. Volume 4. 2 0 Browse Search
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Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 3., Chapter 9: the Red River expedition. (search)
ing: There seems to have been an especial Providence looking out for us, in providing a man [Colonel Bailey] equal to the emergency. . . . This proposition looked like madness, and the best engineers ridiculed it, but Colonel Bailey was so sanguine of success, that I requested General Banks to have it done. While the army was detained at Alexandria on account of the fleet, it was re-enforced April 29. by a large portion of the troops that had been garrisoning ports in the vicinity of Matagorda Bay, on the Texan coast. 2 See page 224. They were led by General John A. McClernand, who left General Fitz-Henry Warren in command of the remainder at Matagorda. These posts had been evacuated by order of General Grant; and McClernand was soon followed by Warren, who likewise ascended the Red River, until stopped by Confederate batteries, when he fell back to the remains of Fort de Russy, and took post there. Banks had also received a dispatch from Halleck, in the name of General Grant
Admiral David D. Porter, The Naval History of the Civil War., Chapter 42: Red River expedition.--continued. (search)
on of the troops of my command assigned to the expedition was intrusted to Major-General W. B. Franklin. The main body of his command, consisting of the 19th corps--except Grover's division at Madisonville, which was to join him — and one division of the 13th corps, under General Ransom, were at this time on Berwick's Bay, between Berwick City and Franklin, on the Bayou Teche, directly on the line of march for Alexandria and Shreveport. Small garrisons were left at Brownsville and Matagorda Bay, in Texas--positions which, under instructions from the President and subsequently from Lieutenant-General Grant, were not to be abandoned — at New Orleans and at Port Hudson, which was threatened by a vigorous and active enemy. Smaller garrisons at Baton Rouge and Donaldson ville on the river, and at Pensacola and Key West on the coast, constituted the balance of forces under my command, It had been arranged that the troops concentrated at Franklin should move for the Red River on the 7t
work by the end of that month at furthest. Then I shall sell out my boats, and go to Galveston and make out my reports and maps. On the 18th of April, Captain McClellan addressed to General Totten a report of the result of the surveys on the coast of Texas, as far as they had then been completed. It embraces the bars along the coast from Paso Cavallo to the mouth of the Rio Grande, the harbors of Brazos Santiago, Corpus Christi, Aranzas, and Paso Cavallo, and the inland channel from Matagorda Bay to Aranzas Bay. It is printed in the Executive Documents of the first session of the Thirty-Third Congress,--a brief and business-like document, containing plans and suggestions for improving the harbors designated, with estimates of the probable expenses. But before the date of his Report he had received information of his having been assigned to a more congenial field of duty; for in a letter to his brother, dated Indianola, April 7, 1853, he tells him that he has been offered the
on. Sam. Houston M. Hunt Webster T. W. Gilmer Jackson J. Q. Adams Van Buren Clay Benton Polk Tyler Calhoun. the name Texas originally designated an ill-defined and mainly uninhabited region lying between the French possessions on the Mississippi, and the Spanish on the Rio Grande, but including no portion of the valley of either of those great rivers. Though the first European settlement on its soil appears to have been made by La Salle, a Frenchman, who landed in Matagorda Bay, and erected fort St. Louis on the Lavacca, prior to 1687, he is known to have intended to settle on the Mississippi, and to have drifted so far westward by mistake. The region since known as Texas was, even then, claimed by Spain as a part of Mexico; and a Spanish expedition under De Leon was dispatched to the Lavacca in 1689 to expel La Salle; but, on entering that river, learned that he had been assassinated by one of his followers, and his entire company dispersed. De Leon returned
ism and death of McRae fight at Apache Pass Rebels occupy Santa Fe they abandon New Mexico. The frontiers of Texas, Mexican and savage, were guarded, prior to the outbreak of Secession, by a line of forts or military posts stretching from Brownsville, opposite Matamoras, to the Red River. These forts were located at average distances of one hundred miles, and were severally held by detachments of from 50 to 150 of the regular army. San Antonio, 150 miles inland from Indianola, on Matagorda Bay, was the headquarters of the department, whence the most remote post--Fort Bliss, on the usual route thence to New Mexico--was distant 675 miles. The whole number of regulars distributed throughout Texas was 2,612, comprising nearly half the effective force of our little army. When, soon after Mr. Lincoln's election, but months prior to his inauguration, Gen. David E. Twiggs was dispatched by Secretary Floyd from New Orleans to San Antonio, and assigned to the command of the departmen
t more immediately commanded by Gen. Dana, made Oct. 26. directly for the Rio Grande, debarking Nov. 2. at Brazos Santiago, driving off the small cavalry force there stationed, and following it to Brownsville, 30 miles above, which was entered by our advance on the 16th; as was Point Isabel two days later. The Rebel works commanding Aransas Pass were next taken by assault, which gave us their guns and 100 prisoners. Moving thence on Pass Cavallo, commanding the western entrance to Matagorda Bay, our army invested Fort Esperanza, which was thereupon abandoned; most of its garrison escaping to the main land. Banks had expected to follow up this success — which gave us control of the coast from the Rio Grande to the Brazos — by a movement on Indianola or on Matagorda: but this involved a collision with whatever Rebel force could be collected in Texas; and he deemed himself too weak to challenge such an encounter. With a moderate reinforcement, he might have seized Galveston Is
ey could. Soon afterward, the City Belle, transport, conveying the 120th Ohio, 425 strong, up to Alexandria, was like wise captured; only 200 of the soldiers escaping. Gen. McClernand, with the larger portion of our forces who had for months held the island posts on the coast of Western Texas, having evacuated those posts by order of Gen. Grant, arrived at Alexandria April 29. soon after the return of our army to that point. Gen. Fitz Henry Warren, who had been left in command at Matagorda bay, with the remainder of those forces, evacuated, soon afterward, all our posts on the coast of Texas save those on the Rio Grande, and came around to reenforce Gen. Banks; but was stopped by formidable Rebel batteries at Marksville, on the Red river, when he fell back to Fort de Russy and strengthened that post. Banks, upon reaching Alexandria from above, had found April 25. there Gen. Hunter, with reiterated orders from Grant to bring his Shreveport campaign to a close without dela
as mounted infantry during part of their service. The 17th and 72d Regiments, and the 18th Indiana Battery, formed a part of Wilder's Lightning Brigade of mounted infantry. This brigade was a well-known and efficient command. The 9th Indiana Battery lost 29 men killed in a boiler explosion on the Steamer Eclipse, January 27, 1865, at Paducah, Ky.; the 9th Cavalry lost 78 men on the Steamer Sultana; and the 69th Infantry lost 2 officers and 20 men drowned by the swamping of a boat in Matagorda Bay. Many of the noted generals of the war were Indianians: Generals Lew. Wallace, Hovey, Jefferson C. Davis, Meredith, Wagner, Jos. J. Reynolds, Kimball, Foster, Cruft, Harrow, Colgrove, Miller, Cameron, Gresham, Coburn, Hascall, Harrison, Veatch, Manson, Benton, Scribner, Wilder, Grose, and others. The age and height of 118,254 Indiana soldiers (out of about 200,000 enlistments) was recorded, with the following interesting result: Height. No. of men. Height. No. of men. Age. N
lace was defended. The troops instantly moved upon Pass Cavallo, commanding the entrance to Matagorda Bay, and which was also defended by strong and extensive fortifications, and a force of two thours. Preparations were made for more extended operations on the main land from Indianola, at Matagorda Bay, or on the peninsula connecting with the main land at Brazos River, and notice given to the e of march for Alexandria and Shreveport. Small garrisons were left at Brownsville and Matagorda Bay, in Texas, (positions which, under instructions from the President, and subsequently from Lieutennemy destroyed. Major-General McClernand, with the largest part of the forces recently at Matagorda Bay, which had been evacuated by order of Lieutenant-General Grant, dated March thirty-first, arvening of the twenty-ninth of April. Brigadier-General Fitz Henry Warren, left in command at Matagorda Bay, followed with the rest of the forces in Texas, except those on the Rio Grande, when the bat
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), La Salle, Robert Cavelter, Sieur de 1643- (search)
is to Mexico, and westward indefinitely. With 280 indifferent persons he sailed from France Aug. 1, 1684, with four ships; but disputes between Beaujeu, the navigator of the squadron, and La Salle proved disastrous to the expedition. Touching at Santo Domingo, they entered the Gulf of Mexico, and, by miscalculations, passed the mouth of the Mississippi without knowing it. La Salle became satisfied of this fact, but Beaujeu sailed obstinately on, and finally anchored off the entrance to Matagorda Bay. The colonists debarked, but the store-ship containing most of the supplies, was wrecked. Beaujeu, pleading a lack of provisions, deserted La Salle, leaving him only a small vessel. He cast up a fort, which he called St. Louis, and attempted to till the soil; but the Indians were hostile. Some of the settlers were killed, others perished from disease and hardships, and, after making some explorations of the country, the party, at the end of the year, was reduced to less than forty so
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