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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Erie Canal, the, (search)
Erie Canal, the, The greatest work of internal improvement constructed in the United States previous to the Pacific Railway. It connects the waters of the Great Lakes with the Atlantic Ocean by way of the Hudson River. It was contemplated by General Schuyler and Elkanah Watson, but was first definitely proposed by Gouverneur Morris, at about the beginning of the nineteenth century. Various writers put forth essays upon the subject, among them De Witt Clinton, who became its most notable champion. The project took such shape that, in 1810, canal commissioners were appointed, with Gouverneur Morris at their head. In 1812 Clinton, with others, was appointed to lay the project before the national Congress, and solicit the aid of the national government. Fortunately the latter declined to extend its patronage to the great undertaking. The War of 1812-15 put the matter at rest for a while. That war made the transportation of merchandise along our sea-coasts perilous, and the com
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), United States of America. (search)
Daniel Webster delivered the oration.] Lafayette leaves Washington for France in the new frigate Brandywine, furnished him by the government......Sept. 7, 1825 Mordecai M. Noah selects Grand Island, in the Niagara River, as a site for a city of refuge for the Jews, to be called Ararat......Sept. 17, 1825 Com. David Porter, while cruising, lands a force at Porto Rico and exacts an apology for an insult to the American flag. He is recalled and suspended for six months......1825 Erie Canal finished......Oct. 26, 1825 Nineteenth Congress, first session, convenes......Dec. 5, 1825 Dispute between the State of Georgia and the United States upon the removal of the Creek Indians......1825-29 John Gaillard, United States Senator from South Carolina from 1804 to 1826, and from April 14, 1814, to March 9, 1825, president pro tem. of the Senate, dies at Washington......Feb. 26, 1826 South American states call a general congress, to meet at Panama in June, 1826, and to co
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Indiana, (search)
un......Dec. 31, 1821 Indiana University at Bloomington, chartered 1820, opened......1824 Mr. Rapp and associates sell their property at Harmony to Robert Dale Owen, of Scotland, a philanthropist, who attempts to establish a community, naming the place New Harmony......1825 State road from Lake Michigan to Madison on the Ohio begun......1830 Thomas Lincoln, with his family, removes to Macon county, Ill......1830 Indiana Historical Society incorporated......1831 Wabash and Erie Canal in Indiana begun......Feb. 22, 1832 State bank chartered......1834 Internal improvement law, a State loan of $10,000,000 to be expended by a board of internal improvement......January, 1836 Madison and Lafayette Railroad commenced......1836 Indiana Asbury University (since 1884 De Pauw), at Greencastle, chartered and opened......1837 University of Notre Dame (R. C.), at Notre Dame, chartered 1844, and opened......1845 State failing to pay its interest on the public debt f