ions there, in expectation of an attack by the British.
In the Civil War the citizens of Brooklyn contributed largely to the support of the Union cause in every way. The fair held here for the benefit of the United States Sanitary Commission yielded the sum of $402,943. Brooklyn was incorporated a village in April, 1816, and became a chartered city in 1834.
Williamsburg and (Greenpoint were annexed to it in 1855; the towns of Flatbush, New Utrecht, and Gravesend, in 1894; and the town of Flatlands became a ward of the city in 1896.
The bridge across the East River, connecting New York and Brooklyn, was designed by John A. Roebling (q. v.). It was begun in 1870 and finished in 1883.
The steel cables by which it is suspended were made at Wilmington, Del..
and are supported on stone piers, 272 feet above high tide.
The total length of the bridge is 5,989 feet. and the carriage-way is 135 feet above the water.
The cost was $15,000,000, of which the city of Brooklyn paid $10,000,0
Of the nineteen delegates, ten were of Dutch and nine were of English nativity.
This was the first really representative assembly in the great State of New York chosen by the people.
The names of the delegates were as follows: From New Amsterdam, Van Hattem, Kregier, and Van de Grist; from Breucklen (Brooklyn), Lubbertsen, Van der Beeck, and Beeckman; from Flushing, Hicks and Flake; from Newtown, Coe and Hazard; from Heemstede (Hempstead), Washburn and Somers; from Amersfoort (Flatlands), Wolfertsen, Strycker, and Swartwout; from Midwont (Flatbush), Elbertsen and Spicer; and from Gravesend, Baxter and Hubbard.
Baxter was at that time the English secretary of the colony, and he led the English delegates.
The object of this convention was to form and adopt a remonstrance against the tyrannous rule of the governor.
It was drawn by Baxter, signed by all the delegates present, and sent to the governor, with a demand that he should give a categorical answer.
In it the grie
settlers of Ulster county......1652
States-General recalls Stuyvesant......April 27, 1652
His recall revoked......May 16, 1652
First public debt of New Amsterdam about 6,000 guilders......March 15, 1653
Dutch vessels excluded from New England harbors......1653
Landtdag (convention) at New Amsterdam......Dec. 8, 1653
New Amsterdam had three representatives; Breuckelen, three; Flushing, two; Newtown, two; Hempstead, two; Flatlands, three; Flatbush, two; Gravesend, two; four Dutch and four English towns sent ten Dutch and nine English delegates......Dec. 10, 1653
Governor dissolves the convention......Dec. 14, 1653
Pirates and robbers infest East River and plunder shores......1654
First church formed at Flatbush; Johannes Theodorus Polhemus dominie......1654
News of projected attack by the English received by Governor Stuyvesant......May 29, 1654
New Amsterdam put in a state of defence......June, 1654