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e. While the Legislature was considering and passing preparatory measures, the Governor was not idle. A constant correspondence was kept up with our members of Congress and the Governors of other States. Leading merchants, and other gentlemen of experience and wisdom, were daily consulted. The militia was strengthened. A cipher key was arranged, to be used in transmitting messages which required secrecy. The defenceless condition of the forts in Boston harbor was considered. In Fort Warren there was but one gun; in Fort Winthrop none at all; and, in Fort Independence, hardly twenty guns, and most of them were trained on the city itself. The casemates were unfit for human occupation. The grounds inside the forts were covered with workshops and wooden shanties; and, instead of being a defence to the city and harbor, the fortifications of Boston were a standing menace to them, and invited seizure by the enemy. The entire coast of Massachusetts was open to attack from sea; n
and other munitions of war, to be deposited, prior to distribution, in Faneuil Hall and the State House. On Saturday, the 13th of April, two days prior to the call for troops, the Adjutant-General, by direction of the Governor, had written to the Secretary of War, asking the privilege of drawing, from the United-States Armory at Springfield, two thousand rifled muskets in advance of the annual quota becoming due; also urging the President to order two regiments of volunteers to garrison Fort Warren and Fort Independence in Boston harbor, to be there drilled and exercised, until called by the President for active service in the field. Neither request was granted. While the troops ordered out were getting to Boston with all diligence, and making ready for instant departure, another telegram was received (April 16) from Senator Wilson, stating that Massachusetts was to furnish immediately four regiments, to be commanded by a brigadier-general; on receipt of which, orders were issue
E. Wool, commanding Department of the East, New York: I have garrisoned Fort Independence, on Castle Island, in Boston harbor, with a battalion of infantry of one hundred and fifty men; and shall have another battalion of the same strength in Fort Warren, on George's Island, on Monday morning. I have a third battalion, which I can station at Fort Winthrop; and there are from two to three thousand volunteers, whom I wish to place under drill and discipline, in these forts. In Fort Independence, there are none of the casemate guns mounted, and no barbette guns on the face which vessels entering the harbor approach. In Forts Warren and Winthrop there are no guns. This important harbor, therefore, seems to be almost entirely undefended. I would therefore request you to order Captain Rodman [Watertown Arsenal] to supply these forts with the guns and carriages necessary for their defence, and detail an officer of engineers to put the works in proper condition. If an officer of artille
or Ralph W. Newton, was ordered to garrison Fort Warren, where it remained until the 1st of June. June, when he was relieved. The command of Fort Warren was given to Brigadier-General Ebenezer W. General Peirce was succeeded in command of Fort Warren by Brigadier-General Joseph Andrews, who rede a survey of the forts, and especially of Fort Warren, before the two battalions had taken possesgton. The Eleventh, which was quartered in Fort Warren, left for Washington on the 24th of June. by the Secretary of War permission to clean Fort Warren at the expense of the State, so as to rende the Second Battalion, for garrison duty at Fort Warren, and the Fourth Battalion, for garrison dutfth Regiment was recruited and organized at Fort Warren. It left Boston for Washington, July 23, 1iam B. Greene, a graduate of West Point, at Fort Warren. He was in Paris with his family when the was commissioned major. It was on duty at Fort Warren, at the close of the year 1861. Two comp[4 more...]
eived? The same day, he telegraphs to General Scott, A sufficient guard shall be placed at Fort Warren at any moment we are directed. If a force specially organized shall not be ready at that timts the cruel treatment of our men at Richmond with the humane treatment of rebel prisoners in Fort Warren. I am informed, from trustworthy sources, that our soldiers who are prisoners of war atse physical vigor is not yet broken. In contrast, allow me to state, that the prisoners at Fort Warren are allowed certainly equal fare with the garrison, which consists of five companies of loyalth and Twenty-eighth Regiments. Colonel Stevenson, at that time, had a part of his command at Fort Warren, on duty, although his headquarters were at Readville; and he was ordered, that, if he cannot protect and hold his men at Fort Warren, he shall remove them immediately to Camp Massasoit, at Readville, and hold them until otherwise ordered. The Governor had been written to by Mr. Sargent,
ervice. Feb. 20.—The Governor writes to Mr. Stanton,— I earnestly desire authority to change the battalion at Fort Warren to a regiment. It consists of six companies, and needs the staff officers pertaining to a regiment. Major Parker hase while now writing. The battalion here spoken of was raised by Francis J. Parker, of Boston, for garrison duty at Fort Warren, and remained there until the retreat of General McClellan, in the summer of 1862, from before Richmond, when it was s their homes, most of them disappointed that they were not to go forward. The battalion raised for garrison duty at Fort Warren, composed of six companies of three years men, left, on the 27th, for the front, under command of Lieutenant-Colonel Fry, twenty of which were to compose two regiments,—the Thirty-third and Thirty-fourth,—six for a battalion to garrison Fort Warren, and four to complete the organization of the Thirty-second Regiment. The Thirty-third regiment was recruited at Lyn
at we are very much in want of recruits. The quota of Nantucket is eighty-two men. I hope they will be got as soon as possible. If you can raise a full company there, so much the better. I inclose you the proper papers. They may be sent to Fort Warren; but no positive assurance can be given, for, as soon as they are mustered in, they are under orders. The company that went to Fort Warren, of which you speak, was a militia company, and is only there for six months. We can garrison the fort Fort Warren, of which you speak, was a militia company, and is only there for six months. We can garrison the fort all the time with militia companies. What is wanted now is men for the front, as stated in General Order No. 26. Consult with the selectmen and influential citizens, and get the eighty-two men as quick as possible. I will furnish the transportation. To Henry D. Capen, North Hadley,— In answer to yours of the 7th inst., I would say that General Order 26 calls upon the towns, and every citizen in them, to get recruits; and, if we cannot get them this way, I fear the next step will be
were the Custom House, the Sub-Treasury, the Navy Yard, and the Arsenal at Watertown, belonging to the Federal Government. In the fortifications, built by the Government at immense outlay, there was less than one-fifth of proper armament. In Fort Warren and at Castle Island there was not a single gun of more than eight-inch calibre, and those poorly mounted, and of old and abandoned patterns. Not a single Federal war-vessel was on our coast. The officer in command at Fort Warren had no authFort Warren had no authority to detain or examine suspicious vessels. In the Vineyard Sound, where ninety thousand sail of vessels annually pass Gay-Head Light, there was no protection whatever. A swift war-steamer, like the Alabama, might run into Boston Harbor or the Vineyard Sound, and do incalculable mischief, almost without molestation. New-York Harbor was five times as well protected as Boston. For these and other reasons, the Governor asked the President to comply with his request. He thought that he had
tephen Cabot, in command of the garrison at Fort Warren, reported, with his command, in response to was laid, connecting Fort Independence and Fort Warren, which was completed Oct. 6, on which day tition of the garrisons, I visited yesterday Forts Warren, Independence, and Winthrop, and Long Islants. Colonel Dimmock states the ordnance at Fort Warren as follows:— Mounted in Barbette. 30 is ready now for fifty-four 10-inch guns at Fort Warren, and will be ready for a hundred or a hundrfort this fall. The casemate armament of Forts Warren and Independence is complete. No foreignery. Co. A, 1. Captain James H. Baldwin, Fort Warren, 142 men. Co. B, 2. Captain Niebuhr, ForFort Warren, 146 men. Co. C, 3. Captain Lyman B. Whiton, Fort Independence, 119 men. Co. D, 4. Captain C. F. Livermore, Fort Warren, 122 men. Co. E, 5. Captain T. J. Little, Concord, N. Il., 1. Co. G, 7. Captain George E. Worcester, Fort Warren, 137 men. Co. H, 8. Captain Loring S. Ri
fort was so defective, that they could not have been defended against a serious attack. In Fort Warren there was only one old condemned gun; Fort Winthrop was equally manned; and, though Fort Indeed to the field, and requesting that a militia regiment be called out to take their places at Fort Warren and elsewhere. The Governor says,— In order to systematize matters, I wish you would lon of these companies were sent to the front; but the battalion under Major Cabot, on duty in Fort Warren, was not allowed to go. The necessity of its services at the forts for the defence of Boston,rm of organization. There were at this time one hundred and seventy-two rebel prisoners at Fort Warren, among whom were Captain Reed of the Tacony, Captain Webb of the Atlanta, half a dozen of Morsetts has in the field, and is denied only to us. In regard to Major Cabot's battalion at Fort Warren, he says,— I would say that no one can fail to perceive that the fort would only be a
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