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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 37 1 Browse Search
George Bancroft, History of the United States from the Discovery of the American Continent, Vol. 4, 15th edition. 14 0 Browse Search
Cambridge History of American Literature: volume 1, Colonial and Revolutionary Literature: Early National Literature: Part I (ed. Trent, William Peterfield, 1862-1939., Erskine, John, 1879-1951., Sherman, Stuart Pratt, 1881-1926., Van Doren, Carl, 1885-1950.) 4 0 Browse Search
Benjamin Cutter, William R. Cutter, History of the town of Arlington, Massachusetts, ormerly the second precinct in Cambridge, or District of Menotomy, afterward the town of West Cambridge. 1635-1879 with a genealogical register of the inhabitants of the precinct. 4 0 Browse Search
H. Wager Halleck , A. M. , Lieut. of Engineers, U. S. Army ., Elements of Military Art and Science; or, Course of Instruction in Strategy, Fortification, Tactis of Battles &c., Embracing the Duties of Staff, Infantry, Cavalry, Artillery and Engineers. Adapted to the Use of Volunteers and Militia. 2 0 Browse Search
G. S. Hillard, Life and Campaigns of George B. McClellan, Major-General , U. S. Army 2 0 Browse Search
Edward L. Pierce, Memoir and letters of Charles Sumner: volume 1 2 0 Browse Search
Medford Historical Society Papers, Volume 17. 2 0 Browse Search
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H. Wager Halleck , A. M. , Lieut. of Engineers, U. S. Army ., Elements of Military Art and Science; or, Course of Instruction in Strategy, Fortification, Tactis of Battles &c., Embracing the Duties of Staff, Infantry, Cavalry, Artillery and Engineers. Adapted to the Use of Volunteers and Militia., Chapter 8: our northern frontier defences.—Brief description of the fortifications on the frontier, and an analysis of our northern campaigns. (search)
along the principal line of operations. The entire French forces at this time consisted of only three thousand regulars and a body of Canadian militia. Nevertheless, the English, with forces nearly six times as numerous, closed the campaign without gaining a single advantage. We here see that the French, with very inferior forces, still continued successful in every campaign, uniformly gaining advantage over their enemy, and gaining ground upon his colonies. By the possession of Forts William Henry, Ticonderoga, and Crown Point, they completely commanded Lake George and Lake Champlain, which afforded the shortest and easiest line of communication between the British colonies and Canada. By means of their forts at Montreal, Frontenac, Detroit, &c., they had entire dominion of the lakes connecting the St. Lawrence with the Mississippi, and Canada with Louisiana; moreover, by means of Fort Du Quesne and a line of auxiliary works, their ascendency over the Indians on the Ohio was w
ss, in a shape less fleeting than that of a newspaper or pamphlet, a production so strongly stamped with the characteristics of his mind and character. In the course of a brief excursion which followed the delivery of the address above alluded to, General McClellan received many gratifying proofs of the affectionate attachment felt for him by the people of the country generally, and of the lively interest with which they follow his movements. On the evening of the 18th of June, at Fort William Henry, on the banks of Lake George, he was serenaded; and, at the close of the music, having been introduced by Judge Brown to the numerous party which had assembled to pay their respects to him, he addressed them, as follows:-- I thank you, my friends, for this welcome and pleasing evidence of your regard. It is a most happy termination of the delightful week I have passed in the midst of this beautiful region, among such warm and friendly hearts. When men come, as you have done, some
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Battles. (search)
Battles. The principal battles in which the people of the United States have been engaged, as colonists and as a nation, are as follows: French and Indian War. Great MeadowsMay 28, 1754 Fort NecessityJuly 4, 1754 Fort Beau SejourJune 16, 1755 Fort GaspereauxJune 17, 1755 MonongahelaJuly 9, 1755 Bloody Pond (near Lake George) Sept. 8, 1755 Head of Lake GeorgeSept. 8, 1755 OswegoAug. 14, 1756 Fort William HenryJuly 6, 1757 Near TiconderogaJuly 6, 1758 TiconderogaJuly 8, 1758 LouisburgJuly 26, 1758 Fort FrontenacAug. 27, 1758 Alleghany MountainsSept. 21, 1758 Fort NiagaraJuly 25, 1759 MontmorenciJuly 31, 1759 Plains of AbrahamSept. 13, 1759 SilleryApril 28, 1760 Revolutionary War. LexingtonApril 19, 1775 Bunker (Breed's) HillJune 17, 1775 Near Montreal (Ethan Allen captured)Sept. 25, 1775 St. John's (Siege and Capture of)Oct. and Nov. 1775 Great BridgeDec. 9, 1775 QuebecDec. 31, 1775 Moore's Creek BridgeFeb. 27, 1776 Boston (Evacuation of)Mar. 17, 1776
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Crown Point, (search)
sly by General Lyman, who, hearing the din of battie, had come from Fort Lyman with troops. The battle continued several hours. when, Dieskau being severely wounded and made a prisoner, the French withdrew, and hastened to Crown Point. Their baggage was captured by some New Hampshire troops. The French loss was estimated at 1,000 men; that of the English at 300. Johnson did not follow the discomfited enemy, but built a strong military work on the site of his camp, which he called Fort William Henry. He also changed the name of Fort Lyman to Fort Edward, in compliment to the royal family; and he was rewarded for the success achieved by Lyman with a baronetcy and $20,000 to support the new title. The French strengthened their works at Crown Point, and fortified Ticonderoga. The conduct of the second campaign against Crown Point was intrusted to Gen. John Winslow (a great-grandson of Edward Winslow, governor of Plymouth), who led the expedition against the Acadians in 1755. Th
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), French and Indian War. (search)
was captured; so, also, was Fort Duquesne, and its name was changed to Fort Pitt, in compliment to the great prime minister. These suecesses so alarmed the Indians that, having assembled in council, they agreed not to fight the English any more. Pitt now resolved to conquer Canada. General Amherst was placed in chief command in America, in the spring of 1759, and a land and naval force was sent over from England. Again three expeditions were put in motion, one to go up the St. Fort William Henry. Lawrence, to capture Quebec, another to drive the French from Lake Champlain, and force them back to Canada; and a third to attack Fort Niagara, at the mouth of the Niagara River. General Wolfe commanded the expedition against Quebec, General Amherst led the troops against the French on Lake Champlain, and General Prideaux commanded the expedition against Fort Niagara. Prideaux was killed in besieging Fort Niagara, but it was captured under the lead of Sir William Johnson, in July.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Fry, Joseph 1711-1794 (search)
Fry, Joseph 1711-1794 Military officer; born in Andover, Mass., in April, 1711; was an ensign in the army that captured Louisburg in 1745, and a colonel in the British army at the capture of Fort William Henry by Montcalm in 1757. He escaped and reached Fort Edward. In 1775 Congress appointed him brigadier-general, but in the spring of 1776 he resigned on account of infirmity. He died in Fryeburg, Me., in 1794. Naval officer; born in Louisiana, about 1828: joined the navy in 1841; was promoted lieutenant in September, 1855; resigned when Louisiana seceded; was unable to secure a command in the Confederate navy, but was commissioned an officer in the army. In 1873 he became captain of the Virginius, known as a Cuban war steamer. His ship was captured by a Spanish war vessel, and he, with many of his crew, was shot as a pirate in Santiago de Cuba, Nov. 7, 1873. See filibuster.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), George, Fort, (search)
George, Fort, The name of four defensive works connected with warfare in the United States. The first was erected near the outlet of Lake George, N. Y., and, with Fort William Henry (q. v.) and other works, was the scene of important operations during the French and Indian War (q. v.) of 1755-59. The second was on Long Island. In the autumn of 1780, some Rhode Island Old relic at Fort George. Tory refugees took possession of the manor-house of Gen. John Smith, at Smith's Point, L. I., fortified it and the grounds around it, and named the works Fort George, which they designed as a depository of stores for the British in New York. They began cutting wood for the British army in the city. At the solicitation of General Smith, and the approval of Washington, Maj. Benjamin Tallmadge crossed the Sound from Fairfield, with eighty dismounted dragoons, and landed, on the evening of Nov. 21, at Woodville. There he remained until the next night, on account of a storm. At the mi
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Gridley, Richard 1711-1796 (search)
Gridley, Richard 1711-1796 Military officer; born in Boston, Mass., Jan. 3, 1711; was a skilful engineer and artillerist; and chief engineer in the siege of Louisburg, in 1745. He entered the service, as colonel of infantry, in 1755; was in the expedition to Crown Point, under General Winslow, planned the fortifications at Lake George (Fort George and Fort William Henry); served under Amherst; and was with Wolfe at Quebec. He retired as a British officer on half-pay for life. Espousing the cause of the patriots, he was appointed chief engineer of the army that gathered at Cambridge; planned the works on Bunker Hill and Dorchester Heights; and was in the battle there, in which he was wounded. He was active in planning the fortifications around Boston, and in September, 1775, he was commissioned a major-general in the provincial army of Massachusetts. He was commander of the Continental artillery until superseded by Knox. He died in Stoughton, Mass., June 20, 1796.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Menomonee Indians, (search)
tion, residing upon the Menomonee River, in Wisconsin. They assert that their ancestors emigrated from the East, but they were found on their present domain in 1640 by the French. Jesuit missions were established among them in 1670 by Allouez and others. The Menomonees were fast friends of the French, marched to the relief of Detroit in 1712, and subsequently drove the Foxes from Green Bay. Some of their warriors were with the French against Braddock in 1755; also at the capture of Fort William Henry, on Lake George, and on the Plains of Abraham with Montcalm. In the Revolutionary War and the War of 1812 they were the friends of the English. They assisted in the capture of Mackinaw in 1812, and were with Tecumseh at Fort Meigs and at Fort Stephenson in 1813. After that they made several treaties with the United States, and they served the government against the Sacs and Foxes in 1832 (see Black Hawk War). The religion of the Menomonees was that of all the other tribes in the No
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Pemaquid. (search)
rick to be built at Pemaquid Point, a headland of the southwest entrance to Bristol Bay. The Eastern Indians, who, ever since King Philip's War, had been hostile, then appeared friendly, and a treaty was made with them at Casco, April 12, 1678, by the commissioners, which put an end to a distressing war. In 1692 Sir William Phipps, with 450 men, built a large stone fort there, which was superior to any structure of the kind that had been built by the English in America. It was called Fort William Henry, and was garrisoned by sixty men. There, in 1693, a treaty was made with the Indians, by which they acknowledged subjection to the crown Pemaquid. of England, and delivered hostages as a pledge of their fidelity; but, instigated by the French, they violated the treaty the next year. The French, regarding the fort at Pemaquid as controlling all Acadia., determined to expel the English from it. An expedition against it was committed to Iberville and Bonaventure, who anchored at Pe
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