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General James Longstreet, From Manassas to Appomattox, Chapter 35: cut off from East and West. (search)
who led our once halting lines over the rail defences at Knoxville. The transfer of the army to the east bank of the river was executed by diligent work and the use of such flat-boats and other means of crossing as we could collect and construct. We were over by the 20th, and before Christmas were in our camps along the railroad, near Morristown. Blankets and clothes were very scarce, shoes more so, but all knew how to enjoy the beautiful country in which we found ourselves. The French Broad River and the Holston are confluent at Knoxville. The country between and beyond them contains as fine farming lands and has as delightful a climate as can be found. Stock and grain were on all farms. Wheat and oats had been hidden away by our Union friends, but the fields were full of maize, still standing. The country about the French Broad had hardly been touched by the hands of foragers. Our wagons immediately on entering the fields were loaded to overflowing. Pumpkins were on the
General James Longstreet, From Manassas to Appomattox, Chapter 36: strategic importance of the field. (search)
muskets levelled and sending whistling bullets about his men, and our batteries preparing something worse for him. His troopers got back faster than they came. In trying by a rapid ride to find position for handling his men he lost a number of his staff, captured, and narrowly escaped himself. It was near night when the command got up skirmishers from the advance division, reinforced the cavalry, and pushed the enemy back nearer the town. Dandridge is on the right bank of the French Broad River, about thirty miles from Knoxville. Its topographical features are bold and inviting of military work. Its other striking characteristic is the interesting character of its citizens. The Confederates--a unit in heart and spirit — were prepared to do their share towards making an effective battle, and our plans were so laid. At the time ordered for his advance, General Foster was suffering from an old wound, and General Parke became commander of the troops in the field. The latt
sville General Sherman's troops returned to Chattanooga, while Granger's corps continued on toward Knoxville, to take part in the pursuit of Longstreet. Burnside's army was deficient in subsistence, though not to the extent that we had supposed before leaving Chattanooga. It had eaten out the country in the immediate vicinity of Knoxville, however; therefore my division did not cross the Holstein River, but was required, in order to maintain itself, to proceed to the region of the French Broad River. To this end I moved to Sevierville, and making this village my headquarters, the division was spread out over the French Broad country, between Big Pigeon and Little Pigeon rivers, where we soon had all the mills in operation, grinding out plenty of flour and meal. The whole region was rich in provender of all kinds, and as the people with rare exceptions were enthusiastically loyal, we in a little while got more than enough food for ourselves, and by means of flatboats began sendin
John M. Schofield, Forty-six years in the Army, Chapter VII (search)
ce, and to maintain it as far as possible. Early in February General Grant had proposed to give me 10,000 additional troops from General Thomas's army at Chattanooga, and to let me begin the campaign against Longstreet at once. But on February 16 he informed me that the movement would have to be delayed because of some operations in which General Thomas was to engage. Nevertheless, I advanced on the 24th with what force I had, at the same time sending a reconnaissance south of the French Broad River to ascertain the nature of a hostile movement reported in that direction. Upon our advance, Longstreet's troops withdrew across the Holston and French Broad and retreated toward Morristown. His advance had evidently been intended only to cover an attempted cavalry raid upon our rear, which the high water in the Little Tennessee rendered impracticable. We now occupied Strawberry Plains, rebuilt the railroad bridge, pushed forward the construction of a bateau bridge which had been
John M. Schofield, Forty-six years in the Army, Index (search)
, 39-41; charged with sacrificing Lyon, 40; organizes army in Missouri, 48; his character and personality, 48-50; plans for the Army of the West, 49; attitude of the Blair family toward, 49; purchases arms in Europe, 50; vacillation, 50; takes the field in central Missouri, 51; dogmatic orders by, 52; relieved from command of Department of the Mississippi, 54; system of administration in Missouri, 56, 96; proposed dictatorship for, 86; factional troubles under his administration, 95 French Broad River, the, military movements on, 115 Fright on the battle-field, 45 Frost, Brig.-Gen. Daniel M., surrenders Camp Jackson to Lyon, 36 Fugitive slaves. See slavery. Fullerton, Lieut.-Col. Joseph S., battle of Nashville, 263; supports S. in the Thomas dispute, 297 G Gallantry in action, 182 Gamble, Hamilton R., governor of Missouri, 31, 54; character, 54, 55; attitude on slavery and confiscation, 54, 58, 71 et seq.; raises special State militia, 55, 54; F. P. Blair's vie
issued reducing the rations; and, within three or four days, the issue of small rations was entirely discontinued; The essential part of a ration is meat and bread; whatever else is issued is called the small ration, though no such name is known to the law. the supply being so small that it was necessary to reserve it exclusively for the hospitals. All useless animals were killed and thrown into the river, to save forage. Efforts were made to collect forage and supplies, along the French Broad river and the Seviersville road, which remained open to the besieged; and loyal farmers sent down the river, on flats, large amounts of grain and meat, under cover of the dense fogs which prevailed at night, at that period. Nothing else saved the garrison from absolute want. By the 20th of November, the line was in such condition that entire confidence was felt by both commander and troops in their ability to hold it. Every possible means of strengthening the defences was still, however
Comte de Paris, History of the Civil War in America. Vol. 4. (ed. Henry Coppee , LL.D.), Book II:—the siege of Chattanooga. (search)
so the fronts on the north and the west are invested: the two others remain free. The Southern cavalry appears alone on the east near the confluence of the French Broad River and the Holston, where Burnside's cavalry will not be slow to seek the enemy. Wheeler's four brigades cover the besieging army on the north and the east, f of the country, ensure the supply of the troops. They embark their grain and live-stock on rafts, and avail themselves of the November fogs to descend the French Broad River and the Holston as far as Knoxville without being perceived by the enemy's vedettes. Without this the defence of Knoxville would be of short duration, beithout firing a gun. On the previous day one of the detachments that he sometimes sent out as a reconnoitring-party to the confluence of the Holston and the French Broad River availed itself of this excursion above Knoxville to launch a heavy raft intended to break the bridge which alone enabled the besieged place to receive provi
inroad upon East Tennessee. From the best information we can gather of the situation of affairs in that section, we take it that fighting will soon commence there in earnest. The Yankees already have possession of Sequatchie Valley, a productive and stock growing country, and have a force of perhaps not less than 5,000 men in Powell's Valley, a portion of country still more important to an army in the way of provisions. But the great valleys of the Tennessee, Hiwassee, Holston, and French Broad rivers, are still in possession of our troops, and can we have reason to hope, be held against almost any force that may assail them. We think it altogether probable that Cumberland, Wheeler's, and Big Creek Caps, will be evacuated, if indeed they have not been already, and that our forces will make a stand at Chattanooga, Kingston, and Bean's Station, in order to keep the enemy North of Wallen's Ridge and the Clinch Mountains. This, we feel confident, can be done successfully with the for
Affairs in East Tennessee. Russellville, Jan. 26. --Our cavalry are still in the vicinity of Knoxville. Their captures, during the recent retreat of the enemy, sum up as follows: 800 head of entitle, 500 wagons, two flatboats loaded with crackers and tobacco, and several hundred barrels of flour. A reconnoissance in the direction of Temwell, yesterday, by Major Day, found the Yankees strongly fortified there, and in considerable force. Twenty-eight of our wagons were captured on Friday whilst foraging beyond French Broad river. The cars ran to Greenville yesterday, and will reach here by Saturday. [Second Dispatch.] Russellville, January 26. --There is no change to report in the condition of affairs in this department. The number of wagons captured by the enemy recently amounts to but twenty.
d. Yesterday a brigade of our cavalry, under Dan McCook, who, by the way, has made himself noted of late by his several successful dashes, had quite a lively engagement with an equal force of cavalry at a place called fair Garden, near the French Broad river, and succeeded in routing the enemy, killing sixty-two and wounding a much larger number. He also captured two guns and about one hundred prisoners, who were uninjured. The same day a Michigan regiment had a little brush, in which it eing cut off, which gained circulation yesterday afternoon, proves to have been partly correct; but no had results ensued, as the whole force managed no escape without loss, by way of Maysville. Longstreet's whole command is now across the French Broad river, his right resting on Sevierville, our troops having been driven from that town. In a fight which took place, Colonel Leslie, of the Fourth Indiana cavalry, was killed and several enlisted men killed and wounded. Some one hundred prisoner