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Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 1. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), Letter from Captain William L. Ritter. (search)
within a most contracted space, is certainly deserving of the very highest commendation. The 1st of March, 1863, Lieutenant Patten, of the Third Maryland Artillery, was ordered to Shreveport, Louisiana, to take command of the section which up to this time had been so efficiently commanded by Sergeant Langley. Early on the morning of the 14th of April, 1863, Captain A. E. Fuller, now in command of the Queen, with the Lizzie Simmons as a supply boat, attacked the enemy's fleet on Grand Lake, Louisiana, consisting of the Calhoun, Estrella and Arizona, but before the vessels came within short rang, an incendiary percussion shell from the Calhoun penetrated the deck of the Queen, exploded and set the vessel on fire. About twenty minutes afterward the fire reached the magazine, and the career of this celebrated boat was closed. After discovering the boat to be on fire, Lieutenant Patten rolled a cotton bale off the side of the vessel and jumped upon it, but it turned with him and he
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. Volume 3., The capture of Port Hudson. (search)
their rear. Taylor fell back behind the intrenched lines below Centreville known as Fort Bisland, and there a brisk engagement took place on the 13th, Banks only seeking to gain a good position on both sides of the bayou, and to occupy the enemy's attention, while he listened in vain for Grover's guns, which were to have been the signal for a direct and determined attack in front. At night, knowing that Grover's movement must certainly have been seen and reported daring his passage up Grand Lake and surmising some miscarriage, Banks gave orders to carry the works by assault at daylight. However, early in the night, Taylor ordered his whole force to fall back on Franklin; the sounds of the movement were heard, and toward daylight reconnoitering parties discovered the evacuation. Banks's whole force at once moved in pursuit. Early in the morning Taylor met Grover advancing against his line of retreat, which here follows the great bow of the Teche, known as Irish Bend, struck Bi
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 2., Chapter 22: the siege of Vicksburg. (search)
ost half submerged by the superabundant waters of the Mississippi and its tributaries, and the great bayous. A single railway (New Orleans, Opelousas, and Great Western railroad) then penetrated that region, extending from New Orleans to Brashear City, on the Atchafalaya, a distance of eighty miles, at which point the waters of the great Bayou Teche meet those of the Atchafalaya, and others that flow through the region between there and the Red River. The latter gather in Chestimachee or Grand Lake, and find a common outlet into the Gulf of Mexico at Atchafalaya Bay. These waters formed a curious mixture of lake, bayou, canal, and river at Brashear City, and presented many difficulties for an invading army. These difficulties were enhanced by obstructions placed in the streams, and fortifications at important points. Near Pattersonville, on the Teche, was an earthwork called Fort Bisland, with revetments; and well up the Atchafalaya, at Butte à la Rose, was another. There was a
Admiral David D. Porter, The Naval History of the Civil War., Chapter 23: destruction of the ram Arkansas.--capture of Galveston.--capture of the Harriet Lane.--sinking of the Hatteras.--attack on Baton Rouge.--Miscellaneous engagements of the gun-boats. (search)
y his officers and men. and although he was unsuccessful in forcing the barricades and capturing the Confederate gun-boat, yet he compelled her to retreat up the river to a point where she was unable to do any damage. The next day, the gallant Acting-Master Wiggins, commanding the Kinsman, started with that vessel and the captured steamer Seger, in pursuit of two steamers said to to be concealed in some of the bayous. The latter were eventually captured in Bayou Cheval, nine miles from Grand Lake. As the vessels were aground and it was impossible to move them, they were set on fire and destroyed. The result of this expedition was the evacuation of the district by the enemy for the time, but before leaving they burned over a hundred railroad cars and destroyed many plantations, which compelled the planters to desert their homes, carrying their negroes off with them. These constant attacks resulted in driving the enemy from that part of the country, and gave our officers a knowled
hile fortifications at Butte à la Rose, well up the Atchafalaya, and Fort Bisland, at Pattersonville, on the Teche, were intended to bar ingress by our gunboats from Red river or by our land forces from New Orleans. Fort Bisland was flanked by Grand Lake on the right, and by impassable swamps on the left; a Rebel force, estimated [too high] by Gen. Banks at over 12,000 men, held these strong works and the adjacent country; while to hold New Orleans securely, with its many protecting forts and a homes. Taylor reports his men at but 4,000 in all, and blames his subordinate, Gen. Sibley, for persistent disobedience of orders and other unsoldierly conduct. During his retreat, the famous Queen of the West was assailed by our gunboats in Grand Lake, whither she had worked her way down the Atchafalaya from Red river,and destroyed; her crew being made prisoners. Banks was delayed by Taylor's burning, as he fled, the bridges over the many bayous and sluggish water-courses of this region;
o'clock on Tuesday morning, discovered, attacked and destroyed in Grand Lake the famous iron-clad ram Queen of the West. Three large transps, extending from the Teche to the woods on the west side, and to Grand Lake on the east, were evidently of great strength and in admirable poextended for three quarters of a mile, reaching from the shore of Grand Lake to the bank of the Teche. The advance of the Thirty-first was tion, the grounding of one of the transports near the entrance to Grand Lake, and a delay of upward of twenty-four hours in laying off where adetained them a considerable time. The expedition proceeded to Grand Lake, meeting no obstruction whatever. Steaming up the lake a few mully an advancing army, was perhaps never seen. Extending from Grand Lake on our right to the Teche, with obstructions across that stream, ree brigades, arrived at Indian (sometimes called Irish) Bend, on Grand Lake, and prepared to land. Lieutenant-Colonel Fisk, of the First Lou
iver were defended by strong works at Butte à la Rose, and on Bayou Teche by strong land fortifications near Pattersonville, called Fort Bisland, extending from Grand Lake on the right to impassable swamps on the left of the Teche Bayou. Butte á la Rose was defended by the gunboats of the enemy, and a garrison of three hundred tog resistance at Vermilion Bayou, from which position they were quickly driven. The gunboats, in the mean time, had encountered the steamer Queen of the west on Grand Lake, destroying her and capturing her officers and crew. We reached Opelousas on the twentieth of April, the enemy retreating toward Alexandria in disorder, and rders had been sent to Brashear City to remove all stores, and hold the position, with the aid of the gunboats to the last. But the enemy succeeded in crossing Grand Lake by means of rafts, and surprised and captured the garrison on the twenty-second of June, consisting of about three hundred men, two thirty pounder Parrott guns,
unter. Brashear city, June 26, 1863. Brigadier--General A. Mouton, commanding South Red River: General: I have the honor to report to you the result of the expedition placed under my command, by your order, June twentieth, 1863. In obedience to your order, I embarked my command, three hundred and twenty-five strong, on the evening of the twenty-second June, at the mouth of Bayou Teche, in forty-eight skiffs and flats, collected for that purpose. Proceeding up the Atchafalaya into Grand Lake, I halted and muffled oars, and again struck, and after a steady pull of about eight hours, reached the shore in the rear of Brashear City. Here, owing to the swampy nature of the country, we were delayed some time in finding a landing place, but at length succeeded, and about sunrise commenced to disembark my troops, the men wading out in the water from two to three feet deep to the shore, shoving their boats into deep water as they left them, thus cutting off all means of retreat; we co
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 10. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), Sketch of the Third Battery of Maryland Artillery. (search)
, to take command of the section of the 3d Maryland aboard the Queen of the West. He found her at Shreveport, Louisiana. In the April following, the Queen, with the Lizzie Simmons as a supply boat, made an attack on the Federal fleet in Grand Lake, Louisiana, and during the engagement was set on fire by a shell from the enemy. The crew jumped over-board, and attempted to swim ashore. Many were drowned, as the distance they had to swim was about four miles. The fire soon reached the magazine related above, and others were picked up by the enemy; among these was Captain Fuller, the commander of the Queen. Only four of the Third Maryland made their escape. I subjoin a list of its losses, in this disastrous affair of April 14th, on Grand Lake. Killed in the action, or drowned in endeavoring to escape from the burning Queen: Lieutenant William T. Patten, Sergeant Edward H. Langley, Corporals Joseph Edgar and Michael H. O'Connell, Privates Thomas Bowler, S. Chafin, Edward Kenn and
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Civil War in the United States. (search)
orida.—21. Henderson, Ky., attacked by 700 guerillas.—22. General Rousseau reached Sherman's lines near Atlanta, having in fifteen days traversed 450 miles, taken and paroled 2,000 prisoners, killed and wounded 200, captured 800 horses and mules, and 800 negroes, destroyed 31 miles of railroad, thirteen depots, some cars and engines, and a great quantity of cotton, provisions, and stores. Louisiana State Convention adopted a constitution abolishing slavery.—26. A gunboat expedition on Grand Lake, La., destroyed many boats of the Confederates, and on the 27th destroyed saw-mills worth $40,000.—29. General Canby enrolled all citizens in the Department of the Gulf, and expelled the families of Confederate soldiers.—Aug. 1. Confederates defeated by General Kelly at Cumberland, Md.—2. General Banks enrolled into the service all the negroes in the Department of the Gulf between eighteen and forty years of age.—9. An ordnance-boat, laden with ammunition, was blown up at City Poin
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