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Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 2., Chapter 7: military operations in Missouri, New Mexico, and Eastern Kentucky--capture of Fort Henry. (search)
trongly re-enforced, and those at Paducah would very shortly embark. In the mean time I was to go to Smithland, at the mouth of the Cumberland River, and get the regiments there in condition to march. He handed me an order to that effect, and I executed it. and Commodore Foote, and approved by General Halleck, were now commenced. The chief object was to break the line of the Confederates, which, as we have observed, had been established with care and skill across the country from the Great River to the mountains; also to gain possession of their strongholds, and to flank those at Columbus and Bowling Green, in the movement for clearing the Mississippi River and valley of all warlike obstructions. Fort Henry, lying on a low bottom land on the eastern or righ tbank of the Tennessee River, in Stewart County, Tennessee, was to be the first object of attack. It lay at a bend of that stream, and its guns commanded a reach of the river below it toward Panther Island, for about two mil
its losses. The Dutch seemed to have firmly established their power, and promised themselves happier years. New Netherland consoled them for the loss of Brazil. Vander Donk, p. 8, &c. 5, &c. Wat treurt men om Brazijl, vol snoode Portugeezen; Terwijl ons Vander Donk vertoont dit Nieuvve Land? They exulted in the possession of an admirable territory, that needed no embankments against the ocean. They were proud of its vast extent, from New England to Maryland, from the sea to the Great River of Canada, and the remote north-western wilderness. They sounded with exultation the channel of the deep stream, which was no longer shared with the Swedes; they counted with delight its many lovely runs of water, on which the beaver built their villages; and the great travellers who had visited every continent, as they ascended the Delaware, declared it one of the noblest rivers in the world. Its banks were more inviting than the lands on the Amazon. Meantime the country near the Hu
en Protestants from France to make a republic of them in America; and D'Iberville returned from Dec. 7. Europe with projects far unlike the peaceful pursuits of agriculture. First came the occupation of the Mis- 1700 Jan. 17. sissippi, by a fortress built on its bank, on a point elevated above the marshes, not far from the sea, soon to he abandoned. In February, Tonti came down from the Illinois; and, under his guidance, the brothers Chap XXI.} D'Iberville and Bienville ascended the Great River, 1700. and made peace between the Oumas and the Bayagoulas. Among the Natchez, the Great Sun, followed by a large retinue of his people, welcomed the illustrious strangers. His country seemed best suited to a settlement; a bluff, now known as Natchez, was selected for a town, and, in honor of the countess of Pontchartrain, was called Rosalie. While D'Iberville descended to his ships, soon to em bark for France, his brother, in March, explored Western Louisiana, and, crossing the Red
em of restriction struck its victim to the The settlement of the wilderness, of which France had reserved no portion and Spain and England feared to develope the resources, was promoted by native Pioneers. Jonathan Carver of Connecticut, had in three former years explored the borders of Lake Superior, and the country of the Sioux beyond it; Bernard to the Earl of Hillsborough; Same to Lord Barrington and to Fitzherbert, 21 February, 1769. had obtained more accurate accounts of that Great River, which bore, as he reported, the name of Oregon The Oregon or the River of the West. Carver's Travels, 76. and flowed into the Pacific; and he now returned to claim reward for his discoveries, to celebrate the richness of the copper mines of the Northwest; to recommend English settlements on the western extremity of the continent; and to propose opening, by aid of Lakes and Rivers, a passage across the continent, as the best route for communicating with China and the East Indies. C
Medford Historical Society Papers, Volume 14., The ancient name Menotomy and the river of that name. (search)
lk across on them.!! The great abundance of alewives taken from the river during the first two hundred years of settlement very naturally led to its being referred to as the Alewife brook, and so in the Commissioners' Records, we find under the survey of 1802, the bridge carrying Menotomy road, now Broadway, Somerville, over Menotomy river, referred to as the Alewife bridge. The stream was sometimes referred to as the little river, and Little Mystic; as the Mystic river was called the Great river. Little river has remained as the name of the outlet of Spy pond, which was sometimes called Menotomy pond, while Menotomy river was the outlet of Fresh pond. In the Cambridge Town Records, 1630-1703, we find the river called Menotomies, Menotomy, Notomy, and Winattime; in the Proprietors' Records, 1635-1829, it is given Menotomy, Manotomie, and Menotamye; the Commissioners' Records, 1638-1802, give Winotamies, and Menotomies river. Paige calls it Menotomy river, and Wyman refers