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march had enabled him to bring to my front a strong body of cavalry, although it started from Lee's army nearly two days later than I did from Grant's. The arrival of this body also permitted Breckenridge to pass on to Gordonsville, and from there to interpose between General Hunter and me at either Charlottesville or Waynesboroa as circumstances might determine. On the night of the 10th General Hampton's division camped about three miles northwest of Trevillian, at a place called Green Spring Valley, and Fitzhugh Lee's division not far from Louisa Court House, some six miles east of Trevillian. Learning that I was at Carpenter's ford, Hampton marched his division by way of Trevillian Station toward Clayton's store, on the road from Trevillian to Carpenter's ford, intending to attack me at Clayton's. Fitzhugh Lee's division was to join Hampton at Clayton's store from Louisa Court House, but on the morning of the 11th the two generals were separated by several miles. At dayli
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. Volume 4., The cavalry fight at Trevilian Station. (search)
as a provost guard; I directed him to charge the advancing enemy and check them, while I ordered the removal of the ambulances and led horses. He promptly obeyed, and of course had many of his saddles emptied, but he accomplished the purpose I had in view. I formed a new line on the crest of a hill running at right angles with the position I had occupied early in the day, and formed a junction with Rosser, and kept up the contest until nightfall. My command camped that night at Green Spring Valley, two or three miles away, with light rations for the men, and nothing for our distressed and worn-out animals but bearded wheat. General Rosser was severely wounded in the leg late in the afternoon, while we were driving the enemy before us, and had to retire from the field, the command of his brigade devolving upon Colonel Richard H. Dulany, of the 7th Virginia. This day's operations ended disastrously to our arms. I venture to believe that I am not claiming too much for the galla
e with Hunter, and to break up the Virginia Central Railroad and the James River Canal. He started on this mission with eighty-nine hundred cavalry. On the morning of the 8th, Hampton, who had succeeded Stuart in the command of the Cavalry Corps of the Army of Northern Virginia, moved with two divisions and some batteries of horse artillery to look after this movement. His first step was to intercept Sheridan before he reached the railroad. On the night of the 10th, he had reached Green Spring Valley, three miles from Trevilian Station, and there encamped. At this time General Fitzhugh Lee was at Louisa Court House, and Custer, with his characteristic boldness, took an unguarded road around Hampton's right and essayed to reach Trevilian. He captured ambulances, caissons, and many led horses. Near at hand was Thompson's battery, wholly unmindful of danger, and this Custer essayed to take. But Colonel Chew, commander of the battalion of artillery to which this belonged, deployed
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 7. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), General Hampton's report of the battle of Trevylian's depot and subsequent operations. (search)
Pamunkey, I was ordered to take one division in addition to my own and follow him. Supposing that he would strike at Gordonsville and Charlottesville, I moved rapidly with my division so as to interpose my command between him and the places named above, at the same time directing Major-General Fitz. Lee to follow as speedily as possible. In two days march I accomplished the object I had in view — that of placing myself in front of the enemy — and I camped on the night of the 10th in Green Spring Valley, three miles beyond Trevylian's station on the Central railroad, whilst General Fitz. Lee camped the same night near Louisa Courthouse. Hearing during the night that the enemy had crossed the Northanna at Carpenter's ford, I determined to attack him at daylight. General Lee was ordered to attack on the road leading from Louisa Courthouse to Clayton's store, whilst my division would attack on the road from Trevylian's station to the same point. By this disposition of my troops I hop
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 30. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), chapter 1.23 (search)
icable. After getting an agreeable lunch at Hayfields, the seat of John Merryman, Esq., I left two young gentlemen there to get the report of my Baltimore scout and bring it to me as soon as possible. The charming society, the lovely girls, the balmy July air and the luxuriant verdure of Hayfields, all combined to make the scene enchanting to soldiers who have been for months campaigning on the battle-scarred plains and valleys of Virginia. From there I moved across the Green Spring Valley, in Baltimore county, and passing near the country residence of the then governor of Maryland, Augustus W. Bradford, I detailed Lieutenant Blackstone, of the Maryland cavalry, to burn it, in retaliation for the burning of the home of Governor Letcher of Virginia, which had been destroyed by General Hunter, at Lexington. I bivouacked that night at The Caves, the place of John N. Carroll, Esq. About midnight I received a message by the two couriers left at Hayfields, from Colonel Clarke, whom I
had taken possession of a large portion of it, and who had made their arrangements for wintering there. At that time two-thirds of the large and wealthy county of Hampshire, with the rich values of the South Branch and Patterson's Creek, were in their possession. They had a force of 8,000 infantry at Romney, with a good proportion of cavalry, and twenty cannon — all protected by strong and formidable artificial defences, 2,000 troops at Springfield, nine miles distant, and 1,000 at Green Spring Valley, sixteen miles from Romney. So, in like manner, the entire county of Morgan was in the possession or under the control of the enemy, where they had from 1,500 to 2,000 infantry, sixty cavalry and two pieces of artillery, besides additional forces and cannon at Hancock, on the Maryland side of the river. Here was a formidable force of near 14,000 men in these two counties, besides large reinforcements at hand from Cumberland, Piedmont, and Williamsport. Gen. Jackson's first marc