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The Annals of the Civil War Written by Leading Participants North and South (ed. Alexander Kelly McClure), The draft riots in New York. (search)
rdy Police Commissioners, and bending his whole energies to the single task of carrying out their plans for saving the city, was emphatically the man for the occasion. I have before me, as I write, General Brown's order-book, in which are transcribed the orders he issued during these four eventful July days. They cover nearly all the movements I have referred to above, beside many that I have not alluded to-such as sending troops to protect the down town wharves, to the aid of Brooklyn, of Harlem, and of Jersey City, to guard private residences, providing ordnance material and subsistence supplies, and the innumerable incidents of a campaign. Yet General Wool, in a letter written July 20th to Governor Seymour, asserted to himself the credit of all these precautions, and made a special boast of having, at the first outbreak, ordered to New York all the troops in the harbor, leaving only small guards to protect the forts. I have already shown how General Brown was compelled to exert
H. Wager Halleck , A. M. , Lieut. of Engineers, U. S. Army ., Elements of Military Art and Science; or, Course of Instruction in Strategy, Fortification, Tactis of Battles &c., Embracing the Duties of Staff, Infantry, Cavalry, Artillery and Engineers. Adapted to the Use of Volunteers and Militia., Chapter 7: sea-coast defences..—Brief description of our maritime fortifications, with an Examination of the several Contests that have taken place between ships and forts, including the attack on San Juan d'ulloa, and on St. Jean d'acre (search)
navy alone must we look for the defence of our shipping upon the high seas; but it cannot replace fortifications in the protection of our harbors, bays, rivers, arsenals, and. commercial towns. Let us take a case in point. For the defence of New York city, it is deemed highly important that the East River should be closed to the approach of a hostile fleet at least fifteen or twenty miles from the city, so that an army landed there would have to cross the Westchester creek, the Bronx, Harlem river, and the defiles of Harlem heights — obstacles of great importance in a judicious defence. Throg's Neck is the position selected for this purpose; cannon placed there not only command the channel, but, from the windings of the river, sweep it for a great distance above and below. No other position, even in the channel itself, possesses equal advantages. Hence, if we had only naval means of defence, it would be best, were such a thing possible, to place the floating defences themselves
meant by wanting territorial jurisdiction. I have three (3) batteries on ferry-boats all harnessed up ready to land at a moment's notice at any slip on North or East River; gunboats covering Wall Street and the worst streets in the city, and a brigade of infantry ready to land on the battery, and the other troops placed where they can be landed at once in spite of barricades or opposition. A revenue cutter is guarding the cable over the North River and a gunboat covers High Bridge on Harlem River which is the Croton aqueduct. I have given you these details so that you may understand the nature of my preparations, and perhaps the details may be interesting and of use at some other time. I propose, unless ordered to the contrary by you, to land all my troops on the morning of election in the city. I apprehend that, if at all, there will be trouble then. I have information of several organizations that are being got ready under General Porter, Duryea, and Hubert Ward, disaffe
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Bridges. (search)
tre span, 520 feet; the others. 502 feet each; 2,200 tons of steel and 3,400 tons of iron were used in its construction. Built by Col. James B. Eads at a cost of $10,000,000. Begun 1867, and completed July 4. 1874. High Bridge, across the Harlem River, in New York City; built to carry the Croton aqueduct across the river. It consists of thirteen arches, and is 1,460 feet long. Washington Bridge, across the Harlem River. just north of High Bridge; consists of nine arches, three of graniHarlem River. just north of High Bridge; consists of nine arches, three of granite on the east side, four of granite on the west, and two steel arches spanning the river. This bridge is 2,400 feet long and 80 feet wide; completed in 1888. Suspension bridges. Niagara Falls Suspension Bridge, across the gorge, 2 miles below the falls; built by John A. Roebling; length of span between towers, 800 feet; supported by four wire cables, each containing 3,640 No. 9 wires; height of track above the water, 245 feet: carriage-way beneath the track: cost of bridge, $400,000; wor
edition into Canada. The latter perceived the importance of securing Canada either by alliance or by conquest. At length the Congress prepared for an invasion of Canada. Maj.-Gen. Philip Schuyler had been appointed to the command of the Northern Department, which included the whole province of New York. Gen. Richard Montgomery was his chief lieutenant. The regiments raised by the province of New York were put in motion, and General Wooster, with Connecticut troops, who were stationed at Harlem, was ordered to Albany. The New-Yorkers were joined by Green Mountain boys. Schuyler sent into Canada an address to the inhabitants, in the French language, informing them that the only views of Congress were to restore to them those rights which every subject of the British empire, of whatever religious sentiments he may be, is entitled to ; and that, in the execution of these trusts, he had received the most positive orders to cherish every Canadian, and every friend to the cause of libe
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Engineering. (search)
billets can be sold for 2 cents. This stimulates rail and water traffic and other industries, as he tells us 1 lb. of steel requires 2 lbs. of ore, 1 1/3 lbs. of coal, and 1/3 lb. of limestone. It is not surprising, therefore, that the States bordering on the lakes have created a traffic of 25,000,000 tons yearly through the Sault Ste. Marie Canal, while the Suez, which supplies the wants of half the population of the world, has only 7,000,000, or less than the tonnage of the little Harlem River at New York. Industrial engineering. This leads us to our last topic, for which too little room has been left. Industrial engineering covers statical, hydraulic, mechanical, and electrical engineering, and adds a new branch which we may call chemical engineering. This is pre-eminently a child of the nineteenth century, and is the conversion of one thing into another by a knowledge of their chemical constituents. When Dalton first applied mathematics to chemistry and made it qua
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), New York City (search)
inton, and Sir Guy Carleton held a conference at Dobbs Ferry, and made arrangements for the British troops to evacuate the city on Nov. 25. On that morning the American troops under General Knox, who had come down from West Point and encamped at Harlem, marched to the Bowery Lane, and halted at the present junction of Third Avenue and the Bowery. There they remained until about 1 P. M., the British claiming the right of possession until meridian. At that hour the British had embarked at Theug. 9, when a committee of defence was chosen from the common council, with ample power to direct the efforts of the inhabitants in the business of securing protection. Men in every class of society worked daily in constructing fortifications at Harlem and Brooklyn. Members of various churches and of social and benevolent organizations went out in groups, as such, to the patriotic task; so, also, did different craftsmen under their respective banners, such as were described, as follows, by Sam
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), New York public Library, the (search)
Library system. A bill to facilitate such union on the part of the smaller libraries was signed by the governor in the spring of 1901. The buildings where the work of the library is carried on at present are as follows: reference branches. Astor Building, 40 Lafayette Place. Lenox Building, 890 Fifth Avenue. circulating branches. Bond Street, 49 Bond Street. Ottendorfer, 135 Second Avenue. George Bruce, 226 West 42d Street. Jackson Square, 251 West 13th Street. Harlem, 218 East 125th Street. Muhlenberg, 130 West 23d Street. Bloomingdale, 206 West 100th Street. Riverside, 261 West 69th Street. Yorkville, 1523 Second Avenue. Thirty-fourth Street, 215 East 34th Street. Chatham Square, 22 East Broadway. The library now contains about 500,000 volumes and 175,000 pamphlets in the reference department, and 175,000 volumes in the circulating department. Among noteworthy special collections are the public documents (60,000 volumes); American
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Riker, James 1822-1889 (search)
Riker, James 1822-1889 Historian; born in New York City, May 11, 1822. He is the author of A brief history of the Riker family; The annals of Newtown; Origin and early annals of Harlem; The Indian history of Tioga county, etc. He died in Waverly, N. Y., in July, 1889.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Sumner, John 1735-1787 (search)
Sumner, John 1735-1787 Military officer; born in Middletown, Conn., May 1, 1735; commissioned captain in a regiment of foot in 1760, and fought in the battles of Lake George and Ticonderoga; was at the capture of Crown Point and the surrender of Montreal; served in the Revolutionary War till Jan. 1, 1781, taking part in the battles of Long Island, Harlem, White Plains, Germantown, Trenton, and Monmouth. He was one of the founders of the Society of the Cincinnati. He died in February, 1787.
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