The Court of General Sessions of the Peace answered this defiance of these towns in the following manner, Jan. 20, 1693-4: Whereas there was an order of the General Court, referring the settlement of Mistick bridge, to the County Court of Middlesex, and said Court ordering the repairs of said bridge to be by the respective towns of Charlestown, Reading, Woburn, Maiden and Medford, according to their wonted manner, until the General Court make further provision, and the defects of said brif the said defects of said bridge, upon pains and penalty of five pounds fine to their Majesties for their respective defaults of each of said towns, and then to make returns of their doings therein to the next General Sessions of the Peace for Middlesex, and that for the future it shall be left to the determination of the law.
Jan. 23, 1693-4. The Selectmen of Medford appear in Court and answer that their part of the bridge is in good repair.
This prompt order of the Court had its effect
eing quite steep.
The records of the town of Medford prior to the year 1674 having been lost or destroyed, and a portion of the records of the County Court of Middlesex being also lost or destroyed, information concerning the early roads of Medford is scant and most unsatisfactory.
Some information can, however, be gathered fresting, however, to note that the town of Medford was represented by some of Mistick House.
(The County Courts were established in the year 1643; the records of Middlesex commence in the year 1649.)
June 21, 1659, the records of the County Court say that The Court doth order that 4 persons, indifferently chosen, two of them in reet now runs, down to the river at a point near where Arlington street connects with Jerome street.
March 22, 1708-9. Pursuant to a motion of the Sheriff of Middlesex, referring to a County road that is needful to be laid out from Menotomy road, so across Menotomy fields, over the Ware, through Medford, to the place called Mr.
and wooden parts are joined together.
As has been before stated, the dates of the construction of these several additions are unknown.
I have endeavored to show what this building is and has been, and will leave our readers to draw their own conclusions.
Taken altogether it is one of the most interesting relics of slavery in Massachusetts that can be found within the limits of the Commonwealth.
The aspect of the place is thus described by Samuel Adams Drake, author of the History of Middlesex County.
(This description was written many years ago. Changes have taken place since then; a portion of the inside embellishments have been removed, and the summer house torn down.)
The brick quarters which the slaves occupied are situated on the south side of the mansion and front upon the courtyard, one side of which they enclose.
These have remained unchanged, and are, we believe, the last visible relics of slavery in New England.
The deep fireplace where the slaves prepared t
consideration to give this petition in full, together with the names of the petitioners, to show that the society was organized in due form of law, and to make a record of the names of the persons who were the originators and prime movers in the formation of this organization.
Justice Cushing was evidently prompt in business, for on the seventh day after receiving this petition he issued his warrant to Moses Merrill, one of the petitioners, as follows:
Commonwealth of Massachusetts, Middlesex, ss. To Moses Merrill of Medford, in said County, Greeting:
Whereas, certain persons, namely [here follow the names of the twenty-five persons already named], inhabitants of said town of Medford, duly qualified to vote in town affairs, and members of a religious society in said town, have requested me to issue a warrant for calling the first meeting of the said religious society, directed to some suitable person, who is a member thereof, requiring him to notify and warn the members of
g verdict and friends; and this, coupled with his sarcasm, clear logic, keen, brilliant wit and eloquence, caused much discomfiture to his opponent, and made him a wily, dangerous adversary at the bar. The more difficult and intricate his case, the sharper became his intellect and the more terrible his weapons of battle.
Distinguished as a jury advocate, he was entitled to standing with Butler, Sidney Bartlett, E. Rockwood Hoar or Josiah Abbott.
He was appointed Clerk of the Courts for Middlesex, but he was like a bound gladiator and longed for the excitement of the forum.
He occupied the position about a month, and said that if he stayed in the position another month he should have gone crazy.
Many and severe were the clashes between Butler, Somerby and Griffin.
Griffin once wrote an article entitled a Portrait of Butler by a House Painter, in the Bunker Hill Aurora, for which Butler never forgave him.
There was never any obsequiousness about Griffin.
He detested formali
At North Billerica one guard lock remains with its gates, and conveys the water to the wheel-pits of the Talbot mills, while a little below is the ruin of the lock into the lower river, with a fragment of the gate still in the water.
At Middlesex village, where the entrance was had into the Merrimack, is the Hadley Pasture, once the scene of activity, as the boats went up and down the three steps of the fine stone locks.
All these are gone, but the little office of the collector still
South street, after being extended to Medford Hillside, is now back within its original limits, from Main street, at the hotel, to where the road leaves the river.
Spring street, crossing the canal, is Winthrop street. Summer street (formerly Middlesex) and West street approximately mark the course of Middlesex canal in this section.
Nathan Adams occupied a house where the Mystic House stands, and Harvard street was Cambridge street. Both names are equally appropriate.
Mountain street was
ember 21.—The Spark that Kindled the Revolution.
Charles G. Chick, Esq., president of Hyde Park Historical Society.
January 18.—Some Old Medford Houses and Estates.
Published in current number of Register. Illustrated.
Mr. John H. Hooper.
February 15.—Old-Time Furniture.
Illustrated. Mr. H. M. Begien.
March 21.—(Annual Meeting.) The Old South Historical Society.
Miss Katherine H. Stone.
April 18.—Meeting-House Brook and the Second Meeting-House.
Illustrated. Mr. F. H. C. Woolley.
May 16.—West Medford in 1870.
Mr. Moses W. Mann.
Saturday evening course.
December 5.—Ancient and Modern Middlesex.
Hon. Levi S. Gould, of Melrose.
February 6.—The Trial of Rebecca Nourse from its legal and historical standpoints.
Marshall P. Thompson, Esq., of Boston.
March 5.—West Medford, 1855 to 1860.
Mr. Arthur G. Smith, of Malden.
April 2.—Scotch Poetry.
Mrs. W. K. Watkins, of Malden.
May 7.—The Ancient Warfare between Fire and Ice in Medford.
t Boston set off for the same purpose—we apprized @20:
£ 420: Medford Novr 20, 1769 Your Honrs most humble Servants John Dexter sworn Ebenr Harnden sworn Ebenr Pratt James Kettle Germ Cutter sworn Mr Kettle sworn by Stephen Hall, Esqr
Middlesex ss Decr 12, 1769.
I accept of Doings of the above named Commissrs in setting off to the widow of Andrew Hall Esqr deceased—her Dower & order the same to be recorded S. Danforth J. Prob. A true Copy of the Original Attest: Wm Kneeland Regr ugust 19, 1746. for reasons mentioned in the following document, received nothing in this division; and Sarah and the heirs of Anna, because these daughters had been given money while their father was alive, received less than the sons.
Middlesex ss. To all People unto whom these Presents shall come, Oliver Prescott Esq; Judge of the Probate of Wills &c in the County of Middlesex within the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, sendeth Greeting. * * * * I do hereby order and assign unto Benj
rtant events, Cradock participated as a member of the House of Commons. May 21, 1641, he was on a committee for recusants with Sir Henry Mildmay, Sir Symon d'ewes, and others.
This was his last appearance, as he died May 27, 1641.
May 28, 1641, This evening there was an order given for a writ to issue for the new election of a. Burgess for London in Master Cradock's place who is lately dead.
The will of Matthew Cradock dated November 9, 1640 is recorded in Middlesex, Mass. Probate records, under date of February 12, 1662.
In it he mentions his wife Rebecca, and daughter Damaris, who each receive one half his estate, the widow a life interest only, to go on her death to his brother Rev. Samuel Cradock, or his heirs.
On the widow's and daughter's marriage their husbands were to give sureties not to sell or alienate the estate.
He names his nephew Samuel who was then a student at Emanuel College.
He names his sister Sawyer and her daughter Dorothy.
of Hanley & Libby, which was continued until 1897, when he opened an office of his own. He served as mayor's clerk in the city of Medford from 1897 to 1900, and represented the 12th Middlesex District in the General Court in the years 1898 and 1899.
In his second term he was elected without opposition, receiving one thousand and thirty-nine votes, to ten for all others.
In April, 1901, he was appointed by Govenor W. Murray Crane, as special justice of the First District Court of Eastern Middlesex, and in February, 1906, he was appointed city solicitor of Medford.
Both these positions he held until the day of his death.
He likewise served the city as chairman of the board of water and sewer commissioners.
Mr. Libby was married on October 16, 1890, to Gracia Dana Gay, of Waldoboro, Maine.
They have one daughter, Gracia Frances Libby, born November 13, 1904. Mr. Libby was a member of Ligonia Lodge, I. O. O. F., No. 5, of Portland, Maine; was Past Chief Patriarch of Mystic Encamp