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Admiral David D. Porter, The Naval History of the Civil War., Chapter 9: operations of Admiral Dupont's squadron in the sounds of South Carolina. (search)
was placed in possession of information that would much facilitate any operations of the Army and Navy which might be decided on in the future. On December 5th Commander Drayton again proceeded on a reconnoissance to Saint Helena Sound in the Pawnee, accompanied by the gunboats Unadilla, Commander N. Collins, Isaac Smith, Lieut. Commander J. W. Nicholson, and Coast Survey steamer Vixen, Captain Boutelle. He reached the anchorage off the fort on Otter Island at mid-day; pushed on up Mosquito Creek (no doubt appropriately named), but found no traces of white people, except some burning buildings on Hutchison's Island. Very little was effected to repay this expedition, yet what fine harbors were found for blockade runners, what places of safety for our fleets to lie in during winter storms, and what vigilance would be required to keep these retreats from being made useful by an enemy so quick to take advantage as were the soldiers of the South! Whenever the enemy's troops appear
ubt, and having, as before, satisfied myself that it was not occupied, I landed and found that, like the others, it was very carefully and scientifically built, with a deep ditch around it. Every thing had been destroyed and carried away except a rifled twenty-four-pounder, and an old English eighteen-pounder, both of which had been burst, and another eighteen-pounder, which I destroyed. Having performed this duty, I continued up the river, thinking that I might find fortifications at Mosquito Creek, which offers the only inland channel of communication with Charleston. None had, however, been erected there, and I continued up the river to the plantation on Hutchinson Island, about twelve miles above Otter Island, which was as far as the vessels could go. Here were a large number of negroes, but no white men, although they told me there was a picket of soldiers about three miles beyond. At this time I heard heavy firing, and as we all supposed it proceeded from the Pawnee, I hurri
Rebellion Record: a Diary of American Events: Documents and Narratives, Volume 3. (ed. Frank Moore), Doc. 221. Ashepoo River expedition. (search)
eamer Vixen, Captain Boutelle, and reached anchorage off the fort on Otter Island, St. Helena Sound, at mid-day. In the course of the afternoon, some negroes coming on board, and reporting that there was a body of soldiers at the entrance of Mosquito Creek, a place up Ashepoo, where the inland route to Charleston commences, I proceeded as far as that place, when night coming on, obliged me to return. I saw, however, no signs of the presence of white people, excepting that some buildings, whichround Morgan Island. So soon as she was safely at her anchorage near us, I proceeded up Ashepoo with the Unadilla, Isaac Smith, and Vixen, to examine the river further up than I had been able to do on the previous occasion. On approaching Mosquito Creek, we saw a picket of soldiers, who took to their horses on our approach, and escaped into the woods, hastened perhaps in their flight by a shot or two which were thrown after them. Continuing up the river, I landed on Hutchinson's Island, and
ich you will find the channel on the port hand. The object of your going is to act as a cover and feint. General Birney will land to-night at the mouth of Mosquito Creek, and take up his line of march on the road towards the Savannah and Charleston Railroad, which it is his intention to cut if possible. You will please commune vessels to return to the previous anchorage, and for the marines and howitzers to fall back to the place of debarkation. I despatched an armed boat through Mosquito Creek to communicate with the Dai-Ching, being anxious to learn the cause of a large fire observed to the westward, and the whereabouts of General Birney. On her re Boardman to render assistance, as he knew the channel; Mr. Nelson afterwards went on board of the Boston to pilot her to Bennett's Point. On his arrival at Mosquito Creek he informed Colonel Montgomery that that was the place where the landing was to be made. Colonel Montgomery, seeing a steamer standing up the river, said his
mands. Then the Fifty-fourth held all the posts about Lighthouse Inlet. Our men at Green and Purviance in a short time became efficient artillerists, as had those of Company H. Both works on Lighthouse Inlet were frequently engaged with the lower James Island batteries about Secessionville, at long range. General Hatch, having concluded to try to cut the railroad at Ashepoo, sent Brig.-Gen. William Birney with some sixteen hundred men to make the attempt. He landed at the mouth of Mosquito Creek on May 25, advancing about six miles in the evening. The naval vessels landed a force to co-operate on Johassie Island. The steamer Boston, on which were Colonel Montgomery and the Thirty-fourth United States Colored Troops, ran aground and was fired upon by the enemy with artillery, compelling her abandonment and destruction by fire. General Birney's force retired to Port Royal on the 27th. Maj.-Gen. John G. Foster, a distinguished officer, who graduated from West Point in 1846, t
r, 148. Montauk, monitor, 209. Montgomery, James, 36, 37, 39, 40, 41, 42, 43, 44, 46, 48, 51, 63, 114, 115, 130, 159, 162, 164, 166, 168, 188, 193, 212, 214. Monument to Shaw and others, 229, 230. Moore, Henry, 161. Moorehouse, S. W., 166, 301. Morgan Guards, 10. Morgan, S. Griffiths, 10. Morris Island, S. C., 51, 52, 54, 55, 60, 66, 68, 69, 70, 72, 140, 146, 186, 187, 188, 196, 207, 216, 217, 234, 235, 270, 282, 284. Morris, Robert C., 14. Morris, William H., 183. Mosquito Creek, S. C., 193. Moultrie, Fort, 116, 128, 141, 282, 314. Moultrie House, 138. Moultrieville, S. C., 128. Mount Pleasant, S. C., 282, 310, 311, 316. Muckenfuss, A. W., 102. Mulford, John E., 233. Murrell's Inlet, S. C., 192. Muster of Colored Officers, 194, 233, 268, 315. Muster-out, 314, 317. Myers, Frank, 91. Myers, Stephen, 12. N. Nahant, monitor, 139. Nantucket, monitor, 52. National holiday, 49, 209, 314. Naval assault, Sumter, 128. Navy Department, 114, 19
Daniel Ammen, Confederate Military History, a library of Confederate States Military History: Volume 7.2, The Atlantic Coast (ed. Clement Anselm Evans), Chapter 2: the Port Royal expedition. (search)
d fort would command the best entrance, and its vicinity would give excellent anchorage for vessels blockading the other channels. He expressed great indebtedness to Captain Boutelle of the Coast Survey, whose services had been important. Under further orders, on the 5th of December Commander Drayton again revisited those waters in the Pawnee, accompanied by the Unadilla, Isaac Smith, and Coast Survey steamer Vixen. He extended his observations up the Ashepoo River to the entrance of Mosquito Creek, where the inland route to Charleston commenced. A day or so thereafter he continued up the river and landed on Hutchinson's Island; two days earlier the negro houses, overseer's house, and outbuildings had been burned by the enemy. An attempt had been made at the same time to drive off the negroes, many of whom had escaped into the woods, and he was told that many of their number had been shot in attempting to escape. The scene was one of complete desolation; the smoking ruins and co