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Matthew Arnold, Civilization in the United States: First and Last Impressions of America., IV: civilization in the United States. (search)
ncomes in America. Do not believe the Americans when they extol their peaches as equal to any in the world, or better than any in the world; they are not to be compared to peaches grown under glass. Do not believe that the American Newtown pippins appear in the New York and Boston fruit-shops as they appear in those of London and Liverpool ; or that the Americans have any pear to give you like the Marie Louise. But what laborer, or artisan, or small clerk, ever gets hot-house peaches, or Newtown pippins, or Marie Louise pears? Not such good pears, apples, and peaches as those, but pears, apples, and peaches by no means to be despised, such people and their families do in America get in plenty. Well, now, what would a philosopher or a philanthropist say in this case? which would he say was the more civilized condition — that of the country where the balance of advantage, as to the comforts and conveniences of life, is greatly in favor of the people with incomes below three hund
onveyed back to Washington. The regiment started on the return at six o'clock, and reached town through a drenching rain at nine o'clock P. M. The following is a list of killed and wounded in the fight at Tranter's Creek: Twenty-Fourth Massachusetts. Sergeant George L. Litchfield, Co. A, Roxbury, Mass., killed; Private Leroy Dorland, Co. A, Palmer, Mass., killed; Private Orville Brock, Co. I, killed; Corporal Melbourn Croscrup, Co. F, Lynn, killed; Private Geo. H. Baxter, Co. F, Newtown, Mass., killed; Private Austin Gill, Co. K, killed; Wm. H. Moore, Captain of Gun, Marine Artillery, Chicago, Ill., killed; Lieut. Horatio Jarves, Co. A, wounded by ball through left ankle-joint; Capt. W. F. Redding, Co. A, wrist, slight; Private James A. Beal, Co. B, forehead, slight; Private Joseph A. Collins, Co. E, temple; Private John. Vaughn, Co. E, hip, severely; Private M. J. O'Brien, Co. I, bayonet wound; Private Wm. Reynolds, Co. I, shoulder, slight; Private G. A. Howard, Co. I, hand,
ge of granite hills, of which Pine Hill forms a part. The line ran north of Symmes' Corner, and struck Symmes' river. The Pond and Mystic River formed the southern and western boundaries. As proof of these statements, we have the following records: General Court, July 2, 1633.--It is ordered that the ground lying betwixt the North River and the Creek on the north side of Mr. Maverick's, and so up into the country, shall belong to the inhabitants of Charlestown. General Court holden at Newtown, March 4, 1634. All the ground, as well upland as meadow, lying and being betwixt the land of Mr. Nowell and Mr. Wilson, on the east, and the partition betwixt Mystick bounds on the west, bounded with Mistick River on the south and the Rocks on the north, is granted to Mr. Mathew Cradock, merchant, to enjoy to him and his heirs for ever. General Court, March 3, 1635.--Ordered, That the land formerly granted to Mr. Mathew Cradock, merchant, shall extend a mile into the country from the r
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Boston, (search)
ng believed that the torture which the closing of the port would inflict upon the inhabitants of that town would make them speedily cry for mercy and procure unconditional View of the lines on Boston Neck. obedience. Not so. When the act was received at Boston, its committee of correspondence invited eight of the neighboring towns to a conference on the critical state of public affairs. At three o'clock on the afternoon of May 12, 1774, the committees of Dorchester. Roxbury, Brookline, Newtown. Cambridge, Charlestown, Lynn, and Lexington joined them in Faneuil Hall. Samuel Adams was chosen chairman. They denounced the Boston Port act as cruel and unjust, by accusing, trying, and condemning the town of Boston without a hearing, contrary to natural right as well as the laws of civilized nations. The delegates from the eight towns were told that if Boston should pay for the tea the port would not be closed; but their neithbors held such a measure to be uncalled for under the cir
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Cambridge (search)
Cambridge City, and one of the county seats of Middlesex county. Mass., separated from Boston by the Charles River; was founded in 1631 under the name of Newtown; and is noted as the place where Washington took command of the Continental army on July 2, 1775; as the seat of Harvard University (q. v.); and as the place where the sons of Alvan Clark carry on the manufacture of astronomical instruments which have a world-wide reputation. In 1900 the city had a total assessed valuation of taxable property of $94,467,930, and the net city and water debt was $6,226,182. The population in 1890 was 70,028; in 1900, 91,886. The second Synod of Massachusetts met at Cambridge in 1646, and was not dissolved until 1648. The synod composed and adopted a system of church discipline called The Cambridge platform, and recommended it, together with the Westminster Confession of Faith, to the general court and to the churches. The latter, in New England, generally complied with the recommen
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Hartford, (search)
drop-forgings, metal castings, cyclometers, envelopes, etc. English emigrants from Cambridge, Mass., reached the vicinity of the present city in 1635, and in the following year a considerable number of members of the church at Cambridge (then Newtown) settled here under the leadership of the Revs. Thomas Hooker and Samuel Stone. The new settlement was first named Newtown, which was changed to its present name in honor of Stone's birthplace in England in 1637. On Jan. 14, 1639, at a gatheriNewtown, which was changed to its present name in honor of Stone's birthplace in England in 1637. On Jan. 14, 1639, at a gathering of the people of the towns of Hartford, Windsor, and Wethersfield, in Hartford, the first written American constitution was adopted, from which fact Hartford has been called the birthplace of American democracy. The city was the capital of Connecticut till 1701, when Hartford and New Haven were each constituted capital cities, the executive officers sitting in each city alternately. In The Capitol, Hartford. 1873 it again became the sole capital. In 1900 the city had an assessed prope
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Hooker, Thomas 1586-1647 (search)
Hooker, Thomas 1586-1647 Clergyman; born in Marketfield, Leicestershire, England, in 1586; was a popular Non-conformist preacher in London, but was silenced, when he kept a school, in which John Eliot, the Apostle, was his assistant. Hooker fled from persecution to Holland in 1630, and arrived at Boston in September, 1633. He was ordained pastor of the church at Newtown, and in June, 1636, he and his whole congregation began a migration to the valley of the Connecticut, where they founded Hartford. He was exceedingly influential in all New England. He died in Hartford, Conn., July 7, 1647.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Hutchinson, Anne 1590-1642 (search)
on the voyage. She was tolerated for a while, but finally the controversy between her supporters and opponents became a public controversy (1636). Governor Vane, Cotton, Wheelwright, and the whole Boston church excepting five members were her supporters, while the country clergy and churches were united against her. The dispute permeated every department of the colony and influenced public action in civil, military, and ecclesiastical affairs. On Aug. 30, 1637, an ecclesiastical synod at Newtown condemned her opinions, and she was summoned before the general court to answer. After a trial of two days duration, she and some of her adherents were sentenced to banishment from the territory of Massachusetts. She went to Rhode Island, where a deputation sent by the church at Boston vainly tried to reclaim her. Her husband died in 1642, when she removed, with her surviving family, into the territory of New Netherland to avoid persecution. The Indians and Dutch were then at war. The fo
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Connecticut, (search)
ut (now Windsor) October, 1633 Dutch at New Netherlands, with seventy men, make a feeble attempt to drive the settlers away......1634 Rev. Thomas Hooker, of Newtown (now Cambridge), Mass., advocates new settlements on the Connecticut River 1634 About sixty men, women, and children, with horses, cattle, and swine, start throt suffered to land......November, 1635 Great suffering at Windsor, on the Connecticut, during the winter of......1635-36 First court in Connecticut held at Newtown (Hartford)......April 26, 1636 Rev. Thomas Hooker, the light of the Western churches, and Rev. Mr. Stone, with 100 men, women, and children, and 160 head of caaguered by the Pequods all the winter of......1636-37 About thirty colonists of Connecticut killed by the Pequods during the winter of......1636-37 Court at Newtown (Hartford) applies to Massachusetts for aid against the Pequods......Feb. 21, 1637 [The name Newtown is changed to Hartford, Watertown to Wethersfield, and Dor
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Massachusetts (search)
n the colony, gathered at Charlestown......July, 1630 Watertown settled by Sir Richard Saltonstall......1630 Roxbury settled by William Pynchon......1630 Newtown (now Cambridge) settled by Mr. Dudley, Mr. Bradstreet, and others......1630 Dorchester and Boston settled......1630 Lynn settled......1630 Famine in the ontroversy with Mrs. Anne Hutchinson begins......1636 Sir Henry Vane chosen governor of Massachusetts......1636 Rev. Thomas Hooker and friends remove from Newtown (Cambridge) to Connecticut, and found Hartford......June, 1636 John Oldham killed by the Indians near Block Island......July, 1636 Expedition sent, under co thousand emigrants arrive from England during......1638 Printing-press established at Cambridge by Stephen Daye......March, 1639 College at Cambridge (then Newtown) the place fixed upon as the site of it, is named Harvard, after its founder......March 13, 1639 Inhabitants from the town of Lynn settle on Long Island......1
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