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Abraham Lincoln, Stephen A. Douglas, Debates of Lincoln and Douglas: Carefully Prepared by the Reporters of Each Party at the times of their Delivery., Speech of Hon. Abraham Lincoln, at Columbus Ohio, September, 1859. (search)
Judge Douglas says, and perhaps is right, that that provision was lost from that ordinance. I believe that is true. When the vote was taken upon it, a majority of all present in the Congress of the Confederation voted for it; but there were so many absentees that those voting for it did not make the clear majority necessary, and it was lost. But three years after that the Congress of the Confederation were together again, and they adopted a new ordinance for the government of this Northwest Territory, not contemplating territory south of the river, for the States owning that territory had hitherto refrained from giving it to the General Government; hence they made the ordinance to apply only to what the Government owned. In that, the provision excluding slavery was inserted and passed unanimously, or at any rate it passed and became a part of the law of the land. Under that ordinance we live. First here in Ohio you were a Territory, then an enabling act was passed, authorizing
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Gibault, Peter (search)
Gibault, Peter Roman Catholic priest. The bishop of Quebec in 1770 sent him to the territory now included in Illinois and Louisiana. He lived a portion of the time in Vincennes, Kaskaskia, Cahokia, and St. Genevieve. During the Revolutionary War, through his influence, the settlers in this territory, who were mostly French, became ardent advocates of the American cause, and he also induced the Indians to remain neutral. Judge Law says: Next to Clark and Vigo, the United States are indebted more to Father Gibault for the accession of the States comprised in what was the original Northwest Territory than to any other man.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), United States of America. (search)
3 Ninth Continental Congress meets at Annapolis, Md.......Nov. 26, 1783 [Thomas Mifflin, president.] General Washington bids farewell to his officers at Fraunce's Tavern, corner Pearl and Broad streets, New York City......Dec. 4, 1783 Washington resigns his commission as commander-in-chief at the State-house, Annapolis, Md., and retires to Mount Vernon......Dec. 23, 1783 Congress ratifies the definitive treaty of peace......Jan. 14, 1784 Congress accepts cession of Northwest Territory by Virginia; deeds signed by Virginia delegates......March 1, 1784 American daily Advertiser, first daily newspaper in America, issued at Philadelphia by Benjamin Franklin Bache......1784 Fiscal affairs of the United States placed in the hands of three commissioners appointed to succeed Robert Morris......1784 John Jay appointed secretary of foreign affairs in place of Livingston, resigned......March, 1784 Ninth Continental Congress adjourns; 189 days session......June 3,
edition under George Rogers Clarke conquers Illinois without bloodshed, occupying Kaskaskia......July 4, 1778 Territory conquered by Colonel Clarke is made by the legislature of Virginia into Illinois county......October, 1778 Col. John Todd proclaims from Kaskaskia a temporary government for Illinois......June 15, 1779 Illinois included in the Virginia act of cession to the United States, Dec. 20, 1783, the deed of which is executed......March 1, 1784 Illinois included in Northwest Territory, organized by act of Congress......July 13, 1787 Maj.-Gen. Arthur St. Clair, elected by Congress governor of the Northwest Territory, arrives at Kaskaskia February, 1790 By act of Congress 400 acres are granted to every head of family who had improved farms in Illinois prior to 1788......1791 By the treaty of Greenville, sixteen tracts 6 miles square in Illinois are ceded by the Indians; one at the mouth of the Chicago River, where a fort formerly stood ......Aug. 3, 1795
Hon. J. L. M. Curry , LL.D., William Robertson Garrett , A. M. , Ph.D., Confederate Military History, a library of Confederate States Military History: Volume 1.1, Legal Justification of the South in secession, The South as a factor in the territorial expansion of the United States (ed. Clement Anselm Evans), The South as a factor in the territorial expansion of the United States. (search)
) March 1, 1784, Mr. Jefferson submitted to Congress his famous plan for the government of the Northwest Territory, being the same day on which Congress accepted the cession of Virginia. This plan, with a few amendments, was adopted April 23d, and became The Ordinance of 1784. The ordinance, as offered by Mr. Jefferson, contained the clause: That after the year 1800 of the Christian era there shall be neither slavery nor involuntary servitude in any of the said States (formed out of Northwest Territory) otherwise than in punishment of crimes, whereof the party shall have been duly convicted to have been personally guilty. This clause was stricken out before the passage of the ordinance on the motion of Mr. Speight, of North Carolina. Mr. Benton explains the reason. The Southern States demanded that a clause should be inserted in reference to fugitive slaves, which being refused, they voted against the whole provision in reference to slavery. The first movement, then, to limit sl
d by Europeans. In 1774, Rhode Island, which up to that time had been considerably engaged in the slave trade, interdicted the importation of slaves into her borders. In 1778, Virginia, the second of the States to act, prohibited the introduction of slaves from abroad. Other States followed and gradual emancipation began in many of the Northern States. When Maryland refused to sign the articles of confederation of 1777, unless Virginia would give up to the confederation the great Northwest Territory beyond the Ohio, which all concede belonged to her by rights of charter, conquest and treaty, Virginia generously granted the request and conveyed that great region to the Union in 1787, only providing, that it should eventually be divided into four or five States, to be admitted on an equal footing with the original thirteen; that she should have land there, in designated localities, to distribute to her revolutionary soldiers, and that slavery should be forever prohibited from that
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 16. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), Index. (search)
Col., 73. Neely, Major James A., 313. Negroes in the Federal army, 437; results of enfranchisement of, 442. Nelson, Col., 404. Nelson, Gen., 305, 317 Nelson, Col. P H., 26. Newbern, 67. Newcomer, Corporal, 159. New Hope. W. Va., 214 New Madrid, 97. New Orleans Picayune, 418, 446, 451. New River, 67. Ninety-six, 12, 13. Nitre Bureau of the C. S. A., 288. Norris, Major, Wm. 9, 92, 93, 98. Northern Neck Soldier's Reunion, 109. Northrup, Col. L. B., 273. Northwest Territory, 432. Nott, Dr. J. C., 307. Obenchain, President W. A., 36. O'Cain, Major, 120. Oconee, 18. O'Donnell, M. S., 418. Ogden, Hon. H. D, 448. Ogin, Dr. T. L., 396. Oglesby, Col , 81. Olney, Lt. H. B., 185 Openchain, Lt. F. G., 60. Ord, Gen. E. O. C., 68. Orr's Rifles, 19. Ordnance, Manufacture of, by the C. S. A., 287; from England, 172. O'Sullivan, Hon. J. L., 274. Otey, Capt J M., 402, 407. Ould, Hon., Robert, 273. Owens, W. L., 175. Owl Creek, 303. Ox Hil