Browsing named entities in Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing). You can also browse the collection for Cumberland River (Kentucky, United States) or search for Cumberland River (Kentucky, United States) in all documents.

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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Algonquian, or Algonkian, Indians, (search)
ish and the Five Nations called them the Twightwees. The Kickapoos were on the Wisconsin River when discovered by the French. The Illinois formed a numerous tribe, 12,000 strong, when discovered by the French. They were seated on the Illinois River, and composed a confederation of five families — namely, Kaskaskias, Cahokias, Tamaronas, Michigamies, and Peorias. The Shawnees occupied a vast region west of the Alleghany Mountains, and their great council-house was in the basin of the Cumberland River. The Powhatans constituted a confederacy of more than twenty tribes, including the Accohannocks and Accomacs, on the eastern shore of Chesapeake Bay. The confederacy occupied the region in Virginia consisting of the navigable portion of the James and York rivers, with their tributaries. The Corees were south of the Powhatans, on the Atlantic coast, in northern North Carolina. The Cheraws and other small tribes occupied the land of the once powerful Hateras family, below the Corees.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Burr, Aaron, 1716- (search)
have been, with ardor. After remaining there some time, Burr pressed forward, and at Louisville overtook Matthew Lyon (q. v.), with whom he had voyaged in company in the earlier part of the journey. He accompanied Lyon to his home on the Cumberland River, whence he journeyed to Nashville on horseback; had a public reception (May 28, 1805), in which Andrew Jackson participated; and, furnished with a boat by that gentleman, returned to Lyon's. Then he resumed his voyage in his own ark, and met Wilkinson at Fort Massac, nearly opposite the mouth of the Cumberland. Some soldiers were about to depart thence for New Orleans, and Wilkinson procured a barge from one of the officers for Burr's accommodation in a voyage to that city. There he found the inhabitants in a state of great excitement. The introduction of English forms of law proceedings, and the slight participation of the people in public affairs, had produced much discontent, especially among the Creoles and old settlers. Ev
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Civil War in the United States. (search)
d at Sugar Creek, Ark. First regular Congress of the Confederates assembled at Richmond.—10. Confederate government ordered all Union prisoners to be released.—20. Fully 4,000 Confederates, sent to reinforce Fort Donelson, captured on the Cumberland River.— 21. First execution of a slave-trader under the laws of the United States took place at New York, in the case of N. P. Gordon.-22. Martial law proclaimed over western Tennessee.—24. Fayetteville, Ark., captured by the Union troops, but buiatory measures against the operation of the Emancipation Proclamation.—13. Peace resolutions introduced into the New Jersey legislature. Several boats carrying wounded Union soldiers destroyed by the Confederates at Harpeth Shoals, on the Cumberland River. Confederate steamer Oreto (afterwards the Florida) runs the blockade at Mobile.— 15. National gunboat Columbia, stranded at. Masonboro Inlet, N. C., burned by the Confederates. Mound City, Ark., burned by National troops.—17. Con
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Fort Donelson, (search)
Fort Donelson, A notable fortification on the Cumberland River in Tennessee, 63 miles northwest of Nashville. After the capture of Fort Henry (q. v.)there was no hinderance to the river navy going up the Tennessee to the fertile cotton regions of the heart of the Confederacy. Foote sent Lieut.-Com. S. L. Phelps, with three by the mailed hand of the Confederate leaders. Phelps's report caused an immediate expedition against Fort Donelson, situated on the high left bank of the Cumberland River, at Dover, the capital of Stewart county, Tenn. It was formed chiefly of outlying intrenchments, covering about 100 acres, upon hills furrowed by ravines. Aeorganized his army in three divisions, under Generals McClernand, Smith, and Lew. Wallace. Commodore Foote returned to Cairo to take his mortar-boats up the Cumberland River to assist in the attack. On the morning of Feb. 12, 1862, the divisions of McClernand and Smith marched for Fort Donelson, leaving Wallace with a brigade to
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Foote, Andrew Hull 1806- (search)
emand for an apology was refused, and he stormed and captured four Chinese forts, composed of granite walls 7 feet thick and mounting 176 guns, with a less of forty men. The Chinese garrison of 5,000 men lost 400 of their number killed and wounded. In the summer of 1861 Foote was made captain, and in September was appointed flag-officer of a flotilla of gunboats fitted out chiefly at Cairo, and commanded the naval expedition against Fort Henry (q. v.) and Fort Donelson (q. v.) on the Tennessee and Cumberland rivers, early in 1862, in co-operation with General Grant. In the attack on the latter he was severely wounded in the ankle by a fragment of a shell. Though suffering, he commanded the naval attack on Island number ten (q. v.). After its reduction he returned to his home at New Haven. He was promoted to rear-admiral in July, 1862; and in May, 1863, was ordered to take command of the South Atlantic squadron, but died while preparing in New York to leave for Charleston, June 26.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Gibson, Tobias 1771-1804 (search)
Gibson, Tobias 1771-1804 Clergyman; born in Liberty, S. C., Nov. 10, 1771; became a minister of the Methodist Church in 1792; went as a missionary to Natchez in 1800;. travelled alone through the forests for 600 miles to the Cumberland River; sailed 800 miles in a canoe to the Ohio River; and then went down the Mississippi. He is noted chiefly for the introduction of Methodism in the Southwest. He died in Natchez, Tenn., April 10, 1804.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Henry, Fort (search)
Henry, Fort An important Confederate fortification at a bend of the Tennessee River, where it approaches the Cumberland River within about 12 miles, on the right bank, and on a high hill opposite Fort Hickman. At the beginning of February, 1862, a land force under General Grant, and a flotilla of gunboats under Commodore Foote, were sent to capture these two forts. They appeared about 2 miles below Fort Henry on Feb. 3. That fort was armed with seventeen great guns, twelve of which sweptn the garrison fled. Meanwhile Foote opened (Feb. 6) a heavy fire on Fort Henry. It was so severe that in an hour the garrison were panic-stricken. The troops outside of the fort had fled to Fort Donelson (q. v.), 12 miles distant, on the Cumberland River; and only the commander and less than 100 men remained in the fort to surrender to Foote. Grant and the land troops did not arrive until after the surrender, when the fort was turned over to him. The Nationals lost two killed and thirty-eig
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Kentucky, (search)
River, and dispersed them. This ended Marshall's military career, and Garfield's services there won for him the commission of a brigadier-general. On the 19th, General Thomas defeated Gen. George B. Crittenden near Mill Spring, when General Zollicoffer was slain and his troops driven into northwestern Tennessee. This latter blow effectually severed the Confederate lines in Kentucky, and opened the way by which the Confederates were soon driven out of the State and also out of Tennessee. The Confederate line was paralyzed eastward of Bowling Green, and their chief fortifications and the bulk of their troops were between Nashville and Bowling Green and the Mississippi. On that line was strong Fort Donelson, on the Cumberland River. Believing Beauregard to be a more dashing officer than Johnston, the Confederates appointed him commander of the Western Department, late in January, 1862, and he was succeeded in the command at Manassas by Gen. G. W. Smith, formerly of New York City.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Mill spring, battle of (search)
They were hotly contesting the possession of a commanding hill when Zollicoffer was killed at the head of his column. General Crittenden immediately took his place, and the struggle for the hill continued about two hours. A galling fire from Minnesota troops and a charge of Ohio troops with bayonets compelled the Confederates to give way and retreat towards their camp at Beech Grove. They were hard pressed by the Nationals, who had gained a position where their great guns commanded the Confederate works and the ferry across the Cumberland River. Such was the situation when the conflict ended that evening. The next morning the Confederates were gone. The beleaguered troops had escaped silently across the river, under cover of darkness, abandoning everything in their camp and destroying the vessels that carried them over the stream. The Nationals lost 247 men, of whom thirty-nine were killed; the Confederates lost 349, of whom 192 were killed and eighty-nine were made prisoners.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Morgan, John Hunt 1826- (search)
with Morgan, to capture Cincinnati; to form the nucleus of an armed counter-revolution in the Northwest, where the Knights of the Golden circle, or the Sons of liberty of the peace faction, were numerous; and to prevent reinforcements from being sent to Meade from that region. Already about eighty Kentuckians had crossed the Ohio (June 19) into Indiana to test the temper of the people. They were captured. Morgan started (June 27) with 3,500 well-mounted men and six guns, crossing the Cumberland River at Burkesville, and, pushing on. encountered some loyal cavalry at Columbia (July 3), fought them three hours. partly sacked the town, and proceeded to destroy a bridge over the Green River, when he was driven away, after a desperate fight of several hours, by 200 Michigan troops under Colonel Moore, well intrenched. Morgan lost 250 killed and wounded; Moore lost twenty-nine. He rushed into Lebanon, captured a small Union force there, set fire to the place, and lost his brother—killed
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