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ding to inform you that he is induced to believe the enemy will endeavor to effect the crossing of Clinch River at one or more points south of confluence with Powell's River. He therefore directs that you will push on your troops rapidly to Clinton, to prevent their crossing there, and that by frequent reconnaissances of the roadinto Kentucky. He directs that all the disposable cavalry of your command be sent with the utmost dispatch to operate between Clinton and the north valley of Powell's River and intercept them in their attempt. Few of them are armed. You will give the officer commanding the cavalry instructions to attack and disperse these menIn addition to the general directions lately given you, he desires that a sufficient force for this purpose should be placed at the crossing at the confluence of Powell's and Clinch Rivers, and also at the intersection of the Fincastle road with the road to Cumberland Gap from Knoxville, 4 miles beyond Maynardsville. You will mak
flank; but these Gaps were heavily guarded by the enemy, protected by artillery, with a heavy blockade of fallen timber. Some sharp skirmishing developed the fact that it would be a useless destruction of life to force a passage over Clynch Mountain, and the division moved down to Blain's Gap Roads, and, joined General Shackleford in the rear of the enemy. Colonel Graham, commanding the Second brigade, Second division of cavalry, reports that he marched from camp near the brigade over Powell River, on the main Cumberland Gap road, on the twenty-seventh of November, moving via Tazewell to Walker's Ford. On the twenty-eighth, crossed the Clynch, and bivouacked at Brooks's, four miles distant. On the twenty-ninth, he moved to Maynardsville, and on the thirtieth thence toward Knoxville, sending a detachment of the Fifth Indiana cavalry in advance. Having proceeded fifteen miles, he came up with a rebel patrolling party, and soon afterward learned that a considerable force was at Blai
hern and eastern Virginia were brought into combined relation; a system which had been urgently recommended by General Beauregard in the early part of June. The Potomac district, between the Blue Ridge and the Potomac, to the north bank of Powells River, was assigned to the command of General Beauregard. On its right and rear, the Aquia District, between the southern bank of Powells River, the Potomac, the Chesapeake, and the Rappahannock, including the counties along the southern bank of tPowells River, the Potomac, the Chesapeake, and the Rappahannock, including the counties along the southern bank of the latter river from its mouth to Fredericksburg, was assigned to Major-General Holmes. On its left, the Valley District, between the Blue Ridge and the Alleghanies, was assigned to Major-General Jackson. All were brought into one department, under the command of the senior general—Joseph E. Johnston. The army of the Potomac was organized into four divisions, under Major-Generals Van Dorn, G. W. Smith, Longstreet, and E. K. Smith. But as General Johnston did not give the command of that a
lley District, the Potomac District, and the Aquia District. The Valley District will embrace the section of country between the Blue Ridge and the Allegheny Mountains; the Potomac District between the Blue Ridge Mountain and the left bank of Powell River; and the Aquia District between Powell River and the mouth of the Potomac, including the Northern Neck, and embracing the counties on either side of the Rappahannock River from its mouth to Fredericksburg. II. General J. E. Johnston is assiPowell River and the mouth of the Potomac, including the Northern Neck, and embracing the counties on either side of the Rappahannock River from its mouth to Fredericksburg. II. General J. E. Johnston is assigned to the command of the Department of Northern Virginia; General P. G. T. Beauregard to the command of the Potomac Division; Major-General T. H. Holmes to the command of the Aquia District; and Major-General T. J. Jackson to the command of the Valley District. III. The troops serving in the Potomac District will be brigaded and formed into divisions as follows: First Division, under command of Major-General Van Dorn: First Brigade, Brigadier-General Clark, to consist of four Mississipp
Capt. Calvin D. Cowles , 23d U. S. Infantry, Major George B. Davis , U. S. Army, Leslie J. Perry, Joseph W. Kirkley, The Official Military Atlas of the Civil War, Index. (search)
1; 16, 1; 39, 2; 100, 1; 137, C7 Potomac River, Md., and Potomac River, Va. 16, 1; 100, 1; 117, 1; 135-A; 137, C8; 171 Potosi, Mo. 117, 1; 152, G8 Potter House, Atlanta, Ga.: View 129, 10 Pound Gap, Ky. 95, 3 Pound Gap, Va. 141, H7 Powder-Boat, Fort Fisher, N. C.: Sketches 67, 5 Powder Spring Gap, Tenn. 118, 2 Powder Springs, Ga. 45, 5; 57, 1, 57, 3; 58, 2; 59, 3; 60, 1; 62, 10; 65, 3; 88, 2; 117, 1; 118, 1; 135-A; 149, G12 Powell's River, Tenn. 9, 2; 24, 3; 95, 3; 118, 2; 142, C3; 150, G13 Prairie, Miss. 135-A Prairie d'ann, Ark. 159, F13 Prairie du Rocher, III. 152, F10 Prairie Grove, Ark. 66, 1 Fort Prescott, Va.: Plan 107, 2 Presidio del Norte, Mexico 54, 1 Prestonburg, Ky. 118, 1; 135-A; 141, E6 Price's Missouri Expedition, Aug. 29-Dec. 2, 1864: Big Blue, Mo., Oct. 22, 1864 66, 2, 66, 3 Charlot, Mo., Oct. 25, 1864 66, 5 Little Osage River, Kans.,
Comte de Paris, History of the Civil War in America. Vol. 4. (ed. Henry Coppee , LL.D.), Book I:—eastern Tennessee. (search)
te himself by saying that he expected an attack from the Kentucky road only, and counted upon his rear being protected. It was a vain excuse, for the very order to evacuate the pass proved that all East Tennessee was going to be abandoned. Buckner himself, knowing the strong and the weak points of the position and the effective force of the garrison, should have maintained that order. When Frazer learned the loss of Knoxville, he might yet have reached Virginia through the valley of Powell's River; but Jones, himself being imprudent, sent word to him to hold his ground and promised prompt assistance. Six hundred troopers sent out to meet Frazer encountered Shackelford, who drove them back in the direction of Abingdon. Instead of the expected help, the Federals appeared on the southern road. When the Confederate general received from Burnside a summons to surrender, he was disconcerted. He had hoped that Buckner would detain in the Tennessee Valley the forces of the enemy. Se