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Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War: The Opening Battles. Volume 1., Responsibilities of the first Bull Run. (search)
reventive. He asserts also that the generals had made previous suggestions of a purpose to advance into Maryland. There had been no such purpose. On the contrary, in my letter to the Secretary of War, suggesting the conference, I wrote: Thus far the numbers and condition of this army have at no time justified our assuming the offensive .... The difficulty of obtaining the means of establishing a battery near Evansport Evansport is on the Potomac below Alexandria, at the mouth of Quantico Creek. . . .. has given me the impression that you cannot at present put this army in condition to assume the offensive. If I am mistaken in this, and you can furnish those means, I think it important that either his Excellency the President, yourself, or some one representing you, should here, upon the ground, confer with me on this all-important question. In a letter dated September 29th, 1861, the Secretary wrote that the President would reach my camp in a day or two for conference. He
Fitzhugh Lee, General Lee, Chapter 7: Atlantic coast defenses.-assigned to duty in Richmond as commander in chief under the direction of the Southern President. (search)
heir destination. Much had happened during his absence from Virginia. The campaign was subjected to new conditions, and the location of the two principal armies in that State had been changed. The next battlefield was to be much closer to Richmond. Johnston and Beauregard after the battle of Manassas continued to occupy that section, extending their outposts, however, closer to Washington, while partially blockading the Potomac River by some heavy guns at a point near the mouth of Quantico Creek, where the channel runs on the Virginia side. The inactivity of this army during the remainder of the summer and the fall months convinced the Federal authorities that no offensive campaign would be undertaken by it. About the latter part of September the Southern President visited the army and held a conference with Generals Johnston, Beauregard, and G. W. Smith in reference to active operations. These officers proposed, General Johnston states, a plan to cross the upper Potomac an
Fitzhugh Lee, General Lee, Index. (search)
erce, Franklin, 96. Pillow, General Gideon J., 38, 47. Pipe Creek, Pa., 273. Pleasonton, General, 210, 254, 263. Plymouth Rock, 83. Polk, James K., 32. Pope, General John, 173, 177, 180, 184, 186, 191, 193. Pope's Creek Church, 6, 48. Porter, General, Fitz John, 103, 140, Porter, Major, Giles, 61. Porteus, Bishop, 7. Pottawattamies, massacre of, 75. Powers Hill, Gettysburg, 290. Prince Edward Court House, 387. 145, 161, 182, 186, 189, 193, 197. Prince Rupert, 152. Quantico Creek, 133. Quatre Bras, battle of, 424. Raleigh, Sir, Walter, 242. Ramseur, General, mortally wounded, 353. Randolph, Edmund, 10; granddaughter, 402. Randolph, George W., 156. Rappahannock River, 14. Reed, General, Theodore, killed, 384. Reno, General, 205; killed, 207. Reynolds, General, mentioned, 118, 119, 127, 186, 190, 192, 226, 227, 247, 270; killed at Gettysburg, 272. Rice Station, battle of, 384. Richard Coeur de Lion, 2. Richelieu, Cardinal, 65. Richmond,
March 15. This day a reconnoitring party started from the north side of Quantico Creek, and occupied Dumfries, Va. From the river to the village the road was strewn with dead horses. Some were in harness attached to wagons. The rebel force in and around Dumfries was composed of Texans, Alabamians, South--Carolinians, under the command of Wigfall, of Texas. About thirty cartridge and cap-boxes, some blankets, flour, etc., were found in the house used as Wigfall's headquarters. A large quantity of shells and cartridges were also stowed away in a barn, and seventy-five boxes of ammunition were found near the creek.--N. Y. Commercial, March 17. The United States frigate Cumberland, which was sunk by the attack of the Merrimac, rebel steamer, still keeps her masts above water, and the Stars and Stripes are yet flying at her masthead. A Naval expedition, composed of the gunboats Benton, Louisville, Cincinnati, Carondelet and Conestoga, under Flag-Officer Foote, left Cair
Admiral David D. Porter, The Naval History of the Civil War., Chapter 4: death of Ellsworth.--capture of Alexandria, Va.--Potomac flotilla. (search)
eek batteries. the Freeborn damaged. the ball opened along the Potomac. attack on the batteries at Matthias Point. repulse of the flotilla. death of Commander Ward. Secessionists and their supplies. Lieut. Harrel destroys a schooner in Quantico Creek. undeserved criticism of the flotilla. the public obliged to acknowledge the value of the flotilla. vessels arriving from foreign stations. officers resigning, cashiered, etc., etc. At the commencement of the war, many wild conjecturesll boats, which performed postal service and transported spies back and forth, was so constant that it was necessary to repress it if possible. On the 11th of October, Lieutenant A. D. Harrel was informed that a large schooner was lying in Quantico Creek, and that a body of troops had assembled there for the purpose of crossing the Potomac, and he determined to make an attempt to destroy her. He manned three boats, and under cover of darkness, started up the creek, boarded the schooner and
Doc. 76. affair at Quantico Creek, Va. Lieutenant Harrell's report. U. S. Steamer Union, Acquia Creek, Oct. 11, 1861. sir: I have the honor to submit the following report for your information: Being informed of a large schooner lying in Quantico or Dumfries Creek, and knowing also that a large number of troops were collected at that point, with the view of crossing the Potomac River, as was reported to me, I conceived it to be my duty to destroy her. With this object in view I took two launches and my boat and pulled in for the vessel at half-past 2 o'clock this morning. One of the launches was commanded by Midshipman W. F. Stewart, accompanied by the Master, Edward L. Haynes, of the Rescue, and the other by Acting Master Amos Foster, of the Resolute. I also took with me the pilot of the vessel, Lewis Penn. Some little difficulty was experienced in finding the entrance to the creek, which you will remember is very narrow, but having found it we pulled up this crooked
Doc. 89. the attack on the Seminole. U. S. Steam sloop Seminole, off Fortress Monroe, Oct. 16, 1861. We arrived here this morning at seven o'clock, having left Washington yesterday morning. Nothing very remarkable occurred on the way down to Quantico Creek. At that point the steamer Pocahontas, which was some miles ahead of us, threw three or four shells into the bushes at Evansport, or Shipping Point, Va. The fire was not returned, and she proceeded on her way. As we neared the Point. at half-past 10 A. M., our decks were cleared for action, all hands at quarters, hatches closed, and every thing ready. At forty-five minutes past ten they opened on us, with rifled shot and shell, from three batteries--two on the bank and one about four hundred yards inland, at Evansport. These shot fell twenty rods short. The Seminole returned the fire briskly, and with effect, from her pivot gun and two medium thirty-two-pounders. We kept on our course, returning their fire during
they reckoned this time without their host. While these things were going on at Cockpit Point, fires were seen in Quantico Creek, and all along the line of batteries to Chapawamsic Creek. The rebels were evidently destroying all they could not carry away, including the burning of the steamer George Page, and other vessels in Quantico Creek. Accordingly, the Anacostia soon got under weigh, and stood down the river to Shipping Point. Arrived there, a landing was about to be effected, after if the worst came to the worst, secure their own final retreat. The batteries extending from Chapawamsic Creek to Quantico Creek, embracing Shipping Point and Evansport, are provided with defences in the rear somewhat similar to those at Cockpit ce their rapid flight from Cock-pit Point, and their simultaneous firing of their combustible goods and chattels from Quantico Creek to below Aquia Creek. No doubt, when they found that Cockpit Point was in possession of the Union troops, they feare
James Barnes, author of David G. Farragut, Naval Actions of 1812, Yank ee Ships and Yankee Sailors, Commodore Bainbridge , The Blockaders, and other naval and historical works, The Photographic History of The Civil War: in ten volumes, Thousands of Scenes Photographed 1861-65, with Text by many Special Authorities, Volume 6: The Navy. (ed. Francis Trevelyan Miller), The organization of the Confederate Navy (search)
Confederate service. Most of the ships that had been completed at the close of the first year of the war were sent to sea as privateers to hamper the Northern merchant marine. Others were used to guard the mouths of the rivers of the Confederacy, while several of them moved on the offensive in the rivers. The George Page (renamed the Richmond), a small steamer, lightly equipped, soon became well known to the Federals for its continual menacing of the forts on the Occoquan River and Quantico Creek, often advancing close and firing shells into them. Soon after the commencement of the war, the Confederate privateers became such a menace that President Lincoln issued a proclamation that all the privateers would be regarded as pirates, and that their crews and officers would be subjected to punishment as such. Six months after the issuing of this order the crew of the captured privateer Savannah was tried The General Price --a Confederate war-boat that changed hands This was
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 24. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), chapter 1.48 (search)
ts organization the regiment numbered nearly 1,000 enlisted men. Shortly after its organization it was ordered to Virginia, and made its first halt in Richmond. Remaining in camp there for a short time, it was next ordered to the Potomac to form part of the command of General Theophilus H. Holmes, and was first stationed at Brooks' station near Acquia creek. Soon, however, it marched to Evansport, a point on the Potomac river, the present Quantico station, between the Chappawansic and Quantico creeks, where batteries of heavy guns were to be established to blockade the Potomac below Washington. Going into camp at this place late in September, the regiment was stationed there during the autumn and winter of 1861-‘62, on duty in the erection and support of the batteries which were in great part constructed by details of its men. There were three of these batteries at first, mounted with 9-inch Dalghren guns, smooth bore 32 and 42 pounders, and one heavy rifled Blakely gun, and they w
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