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Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 1. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), The treatment of prisoners during the war between the States. (search)
to justify the charge that they had been treated with inhuman neglect by the Northern authorities. Assistant Surgeon Tinsley testifies: I have seen many of our prisoners returned from the North who were nothing but skin and bones. They were as emaciated as a man could be to retain life, and the photographs (appended to Report No. 67 ) would not be exaggerated representations of our returned prisoners to whom I thus allude. I saw 250 of our sick brought in on litters from the steamer at Rocketts. Thirteen dead bodies were brought off the steamer the same night. At least thirty died in one night after they were received. Surgeon Spence testifies: I was at Savannah, and saw rather over three thousand prisoners received. The list showed that a large number had died on the passage from Baltimore to Savannah. The number sent from the Federal prisons was 3,500, and out of that number they delivered only 3,028, to the best of my recollection. Captain Hatch can give you the exact n
eep the bell had tolled-- the citizens were worshipping quietly and a peaceful stillness reigned everywhere. Suddenly, as if a rocket had gone up, the rumor flew from mouth to mouth that the Pawnee was steaming up the river to shell the city. The congregations, not waiting to be dismissed, rushed from the churches with a single impulse; the alarm bell in the Square pealed out with a frightened chime. For once, even the women of Richmond were alarmed. The whole population flocked toward Rocketts --every eye strained to catch a first glimpse of the terrible monster approaching so rapidly. Old and young men, in Sunday attire, hastened along with rusty muskets and neat Mantons on their shoulders; groups of bareheaded ladies were at the corners, asking the news and repeating every fear-invented tale; and more than one of the solid men was seen with hand-baskets, loaded with rock, to dam the river! Late in the evening, the veterans of six hours were dismissed, it turning out that ther
J. B. Jones, A Rebel War Clerk's Diary, I. April, 1861 (search)
against us. This will not last long. April 27 We have had a terrible alarm. The tocsin was sounded in the public square, and thousands have been running hither and thither to know its meaning. Dispatches have been posted about the city, purporting to have been received by the governor, with the startling information that the U. S. war steamer Pawnee is coming up the James River for the purpose of shelling the city! All the soldiery, numbering some thousands, are marching down to Rocketts, and forming in line of battle on the heights commanding the approaches. The howitzers are there, frowning defiance; and two long French bronze guns are slowly passing through Main Street in the same direction. One of them has just broken down, and lies abandoned in front of the Post-Office. Even civilians, by hundreds, are hurrying with shot-guns and pistols to the scene of action, and field officers are galloping through the streets. Although much apprehension is apparent on many face
J. B. Jones, A Rebel War Clerk's Diary, XLIX. April, 1865 (search)
ards have preserved perfect order. The cheers that greeted President Lincoln were mostly from the negroes and Federals comprising the great mass of humanity. The white citizens felt annoyed that the city should be held mostly by negro troops. If this measure were not unavoidable, it was impolitic if conciliation be the purpose. Mr. Lincoln, after driving to the mansion lately occupied by Mr. Davis, Confederate States President, where he rested, returned, I believe, to the fleet at Rocketts. This morning thousands of negroes and many white females are besieging the public officers for provisions. I do not observe any getting them, and their faces begin to express disappointment. It is said all the negro men, not entering the army, will be put to work, rebuilding bridges, repairing railroads, etc. I have seen a New York Herald of the 3d, with dispatches of the 1st and 2d inst. from Mr. Lincoln, who was at City Point during the progress of the battle. He sums up wi
is mother in the Federal lines. My companion during the night was Colonel M., of Maryland. While listening to the ravings of delirium, two gentlemen came in, announcing heavy firing on the river. We had been painfully conscious of the firing before, but remembering that Drury's Bluff was considered impregnable, I felt much more anxious about the patient than about the enemy. The gentlemen, however, were panic-stricken, and one of them seemed to think that sunrise would find gun-boats at Rocketts. Not believing it possible, I felt no alarm, but the apprehensions of others made me nervous and unhappy. At daybreak I saw loads of furniture passing by, showing that people were taking off their valuables. May 12th, 1862. Just returned from a visit to S. H. The family full of patriotism and very bright. While there, dear W's horse and servant came home. His family bore it well, considering imprisonment the least casualty that could have befallen him. If Richmond is invested, th
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. Volume 4., The fall of Richmond. (search)
e next day after our entry into the city, on passing out from Clay street, from Jefferson Davis's house, I saw a crowd coming, headed by President Lincoln, who was walking with his usual long, careless stride, and looking about with an interested air and taking in everything. Upon my saluting he said: Is it far to President Davis's house? I accompanied him to the house, which was occupied by General Weitzel as headquarters. The President had arrived about 9 o'clock, at the landing called Rocketts, upon Admiral Porter's flag-ship, the Malvern, and as soon as the boat was made fast, without ceremony, he walked on shore, and started off uptown. As soon as Admiral Porter was informed of it he ordered a guard of marines to follow as escort; but in the walk of about two miles they never saw him, and he was directed by negroes. At the Davis house, he was shown into the reception-room, with the remark that the housekeeper had said that that room was President Davis's office. As he seated
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 3., Chapter 20: Peace conference at Hampton Roads.--the campaign against Richmond. (search)
owing up of the Confederate ram, Virginia, below the City. At seven o'clock in the morning, April 3, 1865. the retreating troops were all across the stream, when the torch was applied to Mayo's bridge and the railway bridges, and they were burned behind the fugitives. At about the same time, two more Confederate iron-clads (Fredericksburg and Richmond see note 8, page 531.) were blown up. The receiving-ship, Patrick Henry, was scuttled and sunk, and a number of small vessels, lying at Rocketts, were burned. The bursting of shells in the arsenal, when the fire reached them, added to the horrors of the scene. At noon, about seven hundred buildings in the business part of the City, including a Presbyterian church, were in ruins. it was while Richmond was in flames, on Monday morning, that National troops entered that City. General Godfrey Weitzel, as we have observed, was left on the North side of the James River, with a part of Ord's command, to hold the works there. He had
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 3., Chapter 21: closing events of the War.--assassination of the President. (search)
etween hostile powers, whether army against army, ship against ship, or ship against fort, more or less bravery has been, and is destined to be, displayed; but the uncertainty of the locality of the foe — the knowledge that a simple touch will lay your ship a helpless, sinking wreck upon the water, without even the satisfaction of firing one shot in return, calls for more courage than can be expressed ; and a short cruise among torpedoes will sober the most intrepid disposition. When near Rocketts, the President and the Admiral left the Malvern, and proceeded to the city in the commander's gig. With its crew, armed with carbines, they landed and walked to Weitzel's quarters, in the late residence of Davis, cheered on the way by the huzzas and grateful ejaculations of a vast concourse of emancipated slaves, who had been told that the tall man was their Liberator. They crowded around him so thickly, in their eagerness to see him, and to grasp his hand, that a file of soldiers were nee
A Roster of General Officers , Heads of Departments, Senators, Representatives , Military Organizations, &c., &c., in Confederate Service during the War between the States. (ed. Charles C. Jones, Jr. Late Lieut. Colonel of Artillery, C. S. A.), Commissioned and Warrant officers of the Navy of the Cofederate States January 1, 1864. (search)
. 7, 1864.May 18, 1863.Commanding naval squadron at Charleston. CommanderS. S. LeeVirginiaVirginia June 11, 1861.June 21, 1861.March 26, 1861.Commanding at Drewry's Bluff. CommanderWilliam C. WhittleVirginiaVirginia June 11, 1861.June 21, 1861.March 26, 1861.Waiting orders. CommanderRobert D. ThorburnVirginiaVirginia June 15, 1861.Oct. 23, 1862.March 26, 1861.Naval station, Savannah. CommanderRobert G. RobbVirginiaVirginia June 10, 1861.Oct. 23, 1862.March 26, 1861.Commanding navy yard, Rocketts. CommanderW. W. HunterPennsylvaniaLouisiana June 6, 1861.June 6, 1861.March 26, 1861.Commanding squadron, Savannah. CommanderMurray MasonVirginiaVirginia June 10, 1861.Oct. 23, 1862.March 26, 1861.Naval rendezvous, Richmond. CommanderE. FarrandNew YorkFlorida March 26, 1861.June 6, 1861.March 26, 1861.Special service. CommanderC. H. McBlairMarylandMaryland Oct. 19, 1861.Oct. 23, 1862.March 26, 1861.Commanding Confederate steamer Tuskaluza. CommanderA. B. FairfaxVirginiaVirginia June 10
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 11. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), Stray leaves from a soldier's Journal. (search)
ut twenty cannoniers to my gun, but when we nearly reached the city only two of them could be found, one of whom was quite lame, and the other one so lazy that if he started to run he would be too lazy to stop. These boys had all gone in ahead of the company to bid their friends and parents farewell; and as I had some friends in the city whom I wished to bid farewell, I turned the command of the fourth gun over to the lame cannonier, and I left also. As I entered the city, by the way of Rocketts, scenes of confusion met me on every hand, and though it was long after midnight, yet crowds of men, women and children, of every hue and size, thronged the streets in dense masses, bearing away upon their shoulders all kinds of commissary stores. Whether these things were issued to them, or were stolen by them, I had not the heart to enquire. Armed men—citizen guards—were marching through the streets and emptying into the gutters all the liquor they could find, whilst beastly sots fol
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