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killed; the other reached Muddy Creek, fifty miles off, and was overtaken and killed by several white men and one Indian. Eighteen months afterward the surviving children were rescued and restored to their friends in Arkansas, by Jacob Forney, Superintendent of Indian Affairs. Thirty thousand dollars' worth of plunder was distributed ; and Beadle, in his Life in Utah, says: Much of it was sold in Cedar City at public auction; it was there facetiously styled property taken at the siege of Sebastopol. But it is needless to dwell upon the details of this foul crime; though at first denied by the Mormons, proofs of their guilt accumulated as the years rolled on, and the evidence that it was a cold-blooded affair of state is now complete. It was asserted, at the time, that the order of extermination came from headquarters; Lee was a son by adoption of Brigham Young, and was always protected by him. Brigham's word was law in church and state, and such a deed would not have been done wit
ied army wherever I meet them. I know they deny the alliance while avoiding the common purpose, but yet these men who are trying to divide the Democratic party for the purpose of electing a Republican Senator in my place, are just as much the agents, the tools, the supporters of Mr. Lincoln as if they were avowed Republicans, and expect their reward for their services when the Republicans come into power. I shall deal with these allied forces just as the Russians dealt with the allies at Sebastopol. The Russians, when they fired a broadside at the common enemy, did not stop to inquire whether it hit a Frenchman, an Englishman, or a Turk, nor will I stop, nor shall I stop to inquire whether my blows hit the Republican leaders or their allies, who are holding the federal offices and yet acting in concert with the Republicans to defeat the Democratic party and its nominees. I do not include all of the federal office-holders in this remark. Such of them as are Democrats and show their
e the Democratic party for the purpose of electing a Republican Senator in my place, are just as much the agents and tools of the supporters of Mr. Lincoln. Hence I shall deal with this allied army just as the Russians dealt with the allies at Sebastopol — that is, the Russians did not stop to inquire, when they fired a broadside, whether it hit an Englishman, a Frenchman, or a Turk. Nor will I stop to inquire, nor shall I hesitate, whether my blows shall hit these Republican leaders or their that the Administration men and me are allied, and we stand in the attitude of English, French and Turk, he occupying the position of the Russian, in that case, I beg that he will indulge us while we barely suggest to him that these allies took Sebastopol. Gentlemen, only a few more words as to this alliance. For my part, I have to say, that whether there be such an alliance, depends, so far as I know, upon what may be a right definition of the term alliance. If for the Republican party to
after losing a horse and receiving a severe wound, and its Major and Adjutant were disabled and in the hospital. Still none of the men were despondent, but were all ready for the work of the morrow. From the camp of a German regiment, the notes of some plaintive air, possibly a love-ditty, was wafted on the breeze in words unintelligible to my ear. It reminded me that long ago in the Crimea, on the night before the storming of the Malakoff, the entire British army in the trenches before Sebastopol joined in singing a famous Scottish ballad, one of the sweetest ever known: They sang of love and not of fame; Forgot was Britain's glory, Each heart recalled a different name, But all sang Annie Laurie. Daybreak and sunrise at last. Not the bright, clear sun that rose over Austerlitz and cheered Napoleon to his great victory, but a dull, coppertinted globe, slowly pushing itself up through the murky cloud of cannon-smoke that even the long hours of a winter night had not dispel
tifully again, so that I am in strong hopes we shall have no more rain for some time. You have no idea of the effect of a couple of days' rain in this country; roads, camps, etc., become impassable . . . . 11.30 P. M. . . Have been working hard all day, but not in the saddle; it has been head-work in my tent to-day. I am getting on splendidly with my slow preparations. The prince is delighted and thinks my work gigantic. I do believe that I am avoiding the fault of the Allies at Sebastopol, and quietly preparing the way for great success. I have brought forty heavy guns in battery; to-morrow night I hope to have twelve new guns and five to ten heavy mortars in battery. I begin in the morning the redoubts to cover the flank of the first parallel, which will be constructed to-morrow night. I will not open fire unless the enemy annoys us, hoping to get all the guns in battery and the trenches well advanced before meeting with serious opposition. We have done much more than
firing was kept up, the Union fleet lying a mile or more up the river, the Confederate vessels being huddled under the guns of Fort Pillow. On the 4th of June, great clouds of smoke were seen to arise from the fort, and terrific explosions accompanying The vessel with the armed prow. The federal ram Vindicator An excellent example of the steam rams as developed from the ideas of Charles Ellet, Jr., adding a new chapter to the history of naval warfare. As far back as the siege of Sebastopol, in 1854, Charles Ellet — being then in Europe — proposed a plan to the Russians to equip their blockaded fleet with rams. The plan was not adopted, and in 1855 he published a pamphlet outlining his idea and said, in proposing it to the United States Government, I hold myself ready to carry it out in all its details whenever the day arrives that the United States is about to become engaged in a naval contest. It was not until after the appearance of the Merrimac at Hampton Roads and the
n. Lay-torpedo. At Fort Fisher, larger torpedoes, connected in sets and designed to be fired by electricity, were arranged on the land face of the work. The wires leading to the majority of these were cut by fragments of shell during the bombardment, probably preventing considerable loss of life during the assault. Torpedoes buried in the ground and fired by a similar arrangement when trodden upon, and others connected by wires with electric batteries, were used in the defense of Sebastopol. Plan of fort Fisher, N. C., showing the part extending across the Isthmus, and the face protected by torpedoes. Fig. 6560 shows the northeast face of Fort Fisher, N. C., with the line of torpedoes, twenty-four in number, which were connected with the fort by three sets of double wires, each apparently intended to fire five or more torpedoes. The torpedoes were of three kind: shells, 13′ diameter; boiler-iron cylinders, 13″ diameter and 18° long; buoy-shaped sheet-iron cylinders of
Comte de Paris, History of the Civil War in America. Vol. 1. (ed. Henry Coppee , LL.D.), Book V:—the first winter. (search)
he vessel he had looked upon as his master-piece, and the Swede Ericsson, who had long been a naturalized citizen of the United States, where he had already become celebrated for his construction of the Princeton, the first war-ship provided with a screw-propeller, and by important improvements in steam machinery. This invention, now familiar to everybody, is that of vessels with revolving turrets, which Ericsson had submitted to the French government as early as 1854, during the siege of Sebastopol. He was aware that, in order to solve so novel a problem, it would be necessary to discard all traditions regarding naval architecture, to abandon the system of high-decked ships, as the engineers of the sixteenth century had given up the castellated forts of the Middle Ages for the low profiles of modern fortifications; then the necessity of encasing the sides of vessels with heavy iron armor introduced a complete change in the conditions of the equilibrium which establish their water-li
his siege taught the world not only that earth works were immensely valuable as a means of attacking fortresses, but that as a means of defence they were superior to masonry, inasmuch as by following out the plan of Silistria, the defence could be protracted to almost any extent, while the duration of defence in a casemate fortress was limited to the time necessary to breach it, or, in other words, a simple calculation of time and force of projectiles. The remarkably protracted defence of Sebastopol was due simply to the good sense of Gen. Todliben in adopting the plan so rudely taught his countrymen at Silistria was rebuilding his entrenchments with earth Steadfast as his casemates were battered to pieces cts. Woods have only, then, to erect earth fortification on the points we have suggested, to give homes, the women and children of East Virginia an effectual defence against the ma The State has already a good amount of ordnance, which could be multiplied to almost any extent,
knowledge alone would be too little for him. He could not with it fulfill one-half of his duties. There are some that inconsiderately, and perhaps presumptuously speak; throwing discredit on the science of the well educated engineer; they pretend to consider it, up to a certain extent, as superfluous and obsolete, but they cannot be sure of what they say; they think they are sustained by some mistaken opinions spread by injudicious persons, who inconsiderately viewed the operations before Sebastopol in 1854; but they have not taken the trouble of reading the remarks made by General Neil, in his journal of the siege of that place, nor those of Captain McClelland, or they would certainly have come back from their error. I hope, then, that, although our experienced Generals are now too much occupied to think of this subject, our Congress at least will take it into consideration, and provide in time, that the Confederation might not be destitute of a good and efficient number of well
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