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n on the morning of the sixteenth of August, as follows: General Crittenden's corps in three columns, General Wood from Hillsboro by Pelham to Thurman, in Sequatchie Valley. General Palmer from Manchester by the most practicable route to Dunlop. General Van Cleve with two brigades from McMinnville, the third being left in garrison there, by the most practicable route to Pikeville, the head of Sequatchie Valley. Colonel Minty's cavalry to move, on the left, by Sparta, to drive back Debrel's cavalry toward Kingston, where the enemy's mounted troops, under Forrest, were concentrated, and then, covering the left flank of Van Cleve's column, to proceek to near Stevenson. The three brigades of cavalry by Fayetteville and Athens, to cover the line of the Tennessee from Whitesbury up. On his arrival in Sequatchie Valley, General Crittenden was to send a brigade of infantry to reconnoitre the Tennessee, near Harrison's Landing, and take post at Poe's Cross-Roads. Minty was t
The brigade then consisted of the First Ohio, Second Kentucky, and the Chicago Board of Trade battery. The brigade camped that night on the ridge. The following morning, October second, the march was resumed, when the Second brigade was reenforced by the First, and Wilder's mounted infantry, as I said, commanded by Colonel Miller, and it was whispered that General Crook had received orders to pursue, overtake, and annihilate, which sounded very grand. In descending the ridge into Sequatchie Valley, the advance ran on a rebel picket, which fired a volley and disappeared. I learned from citizens in the valley that the rebel column had divided four miles above where we were, (Pitt's Cross-roads,) a portion going down the main valley road, and the main column through Piketown, and on the mountain toward McMinnville. While feeding our horses at the cross-roads, we heard what we thought was artillery, and hoped that General Mitchell with the First division had met and attacked the
, requiring me to forward as soon as practicable a report of the operations of my command during the late engagements, including a brief history of its movements from the time of crossing the Tennessee River up to the beginning of the battle, I have the honor to report: 1. The movements of the Twenty-first army corps, from the time of its crossing the Tennessee River, terminating on the nineteenth ultimo, when the battle of Chickamauga opened. August 31.--My command, stationed in Sequatchie Valley, at Pikeville, Dunlap's, Thurman, respectively, excepting General Wagner's brigade, First division, opposite Chattanooga, and General Hazen at Hoe's Tavern, the latter fifteen miles north of Wagner, and both in Tennessee Valley. My command has been thus stationed since the nineteenth of August, having left Manchester, Tennessee, on the sixteenth of August, crossing the mountains at three different points, in obedience to orders from Department Headquarters, at half-past 12 A. M. of t
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. Volume 3., East Tennessee and the campaign of Perryville. (search)
miles, and with an unoccupied army from Vicksburg and consider able reenforcements from the Potomac hastening to its succor. The reports of the superior force assembled in east Tennessee were confirmed as the time passed, and there could be no doubt that our position in middle Tennessee was about to be assailed. Already there were rumors of crossing at Chattanooga, Harrison's Landing, and Kingston. These starting-points indicated no certain plan of attack. The enemy might descend the Sequatchie and Cumberland valleys and enter at north Alabama, in which case he would have a railroad for his supplies; or he might cross the mountains by direct roads toward middle Tennessee. In either case, Stevenson, on the south side of a declining spur of the Cumberland Mountains reaching to Huntsville, was unsuitable for our depot, and Decherd, on the north side, was adopted instead. On the 19th of August I received information from General McCook, who was at Battle Creek with his own and Cr
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. Volume 3., chapter 9.97 (search)
s. The news that Vicksburg could not hold out over two or three weeks having reached us, we began our movements to dislodge Bragg from his intrenched camp on the 24th of June, 1863. It rained for seventeen consecutive days. The roads were so bad that it required four days for Crittenden's troops to march seventeen miles. Yet, on the 4th of July, we had possession of both the enemy's intrenched camps, and by the 7th, Bragg's army was in full retreat over the Cumberland Mountains into Sequatchie valley, whence he proceeded to Chattanooga, leaving us in full possession of middle Tennessee and of the damaged Nashville and Chattanooga railway, with my headquarters at Winchester, fifty miles from our starting-point, Murfreesboro‘. This movement was accomplished in fifteen days, and with a loss of only 586 killed and wounded. editors. and at last, after having held a council of war, replied, in effect, that it was a military maxim not to fight two decisive battles at the same time. If t
and evacuate the city. They burned several railroad bridges to prevent pursuit. The Union people in East Tennessee are wild with joy. They meet us along the roads by hundreds. I shall send you a number of their principal persecutors from Sequatchie Valley. Yours, very truly, Jas. S. Nsegley, Brigadier-General. Governor Andrew Johnson. No. 3.-report of Col. Henry A. Hlambright, Seventy-ninth Pennsylvania Infantry. headquarters United States forces, Before Chattanooga, Tenn.,r, A. A. G., Richmond, Va. Knoxville, Tenn., June 10, 1862. General Mitchel retired from before Chattanooga Monday. His force (as near as can be estimated four brigades, twenty pieces of artillery, about 7,000 effective) evacuated Sequatchie Valley yesterday and recrossed the mountain into Middle Tennessee. The enemy buried 8 men and abandoned one 4 1/2-inch rifle brass gun. Our loss 3 wounded. E. Kirby Smith, Major-General, Commanding. Capt. W. H. Taylor, Assistant Adjutant-Gen
when compelled. Strong pickets must be kept in front and daily scouts be kept up between them. These forces must be supported as far as possible in the country. Respectfully, general, your obedient servant, D. H. Poole, Acting Assistant Adjutant-General. Knoxville, Tenn., June 10, 1862. Maj. Gen. E. Kirby Smith Chattanooga, Tinn.: Colonel McLin, at Kingston, reports that scouts down the Tennessee Valley state from reliable sources that 5,000 Federals occupied Pikeville, in Sequatchie Valley, at 2 p. m. on the 7th instant--1,500 cavalry, the rest infantry. Glenn's men left this morning for Chattanooga ; Dr. Smith and Walworth yesterday. J. F. Belton, Assistant Adjutant-General. Hdqrs. Jones' Division, Army of the Mississippi, Camp near Tupelo, Miss., June 10 1862. Maj. M. M. Kimmel, Assistant Adjutant-General, Army of the West: sir: I received on the 4th your note of the 3d instant, Not found. assigning, by Major-General Van Dorn's direction, his reasons for reli
Nashville, to the Tennessee, and there debarked in fighting array, within eight days. Meantime, Bragg had sent a large portion of his cavalry, under Wheeler and Wharton, across Sept. 30. the Tennessee at Cottonport, between Chattanooga and Bridgeport, instructed to cut our communications and destroy our supplies so far as possible. Wheeler, doubtless thoroughly informed, made directly for a large portion of Gen. Thomas's train of 700 to 1,000 wagons, laden with supplies, then in Sequatchie valley, near Anderson's Cross-roads, which he captured Oct. 2. and burned; being attacked, directly afterward, by Col. E. M. McCook, who, with three regiments of cavalry, had been ordered from Bridgeport to pursue him. McCook had the better of the fight; but darkness closed it; and the enemy moved off during the night, while McCook had no orders to pursue him. Wheeler next struck McMinnville, in the heart of Tennessee, which, with 600 men, a train of wagons, and one of cars, was surrend
batteries at Chattanooga on the evening of the seventh, after a fierce cannonading of three hours. We opened on the eighth at nine A. M., and continued six hours upon the town and rifle-pits, driving the enemy out and forcing him to abandon his works and evacuate the city. They burnt several railroad-bridges to prevent pursuit. The Union people in East-Tennessee are wild with joy. They meet us along the road by hundreds. I shall send you a number of their principal persecutors from Sequatchie Valley. Yours, very truly, James S. Negley, Brigadier-General. Report of Colonel Hambright, headquarters United States forces, before Chattanooga, Tenn., June 8, 1862. Brig.-Gen. J. S. Negley, Commanding Division United States Forces: sir: I have the honor to report that the forces under my command continued their march over the Cumberland mountains, arriving before Chattanooga on the seventh, after a long and tedious march. After a short rest, in accordance with your order
e River upon Chattanooga, which he fortified, and threw up defensive works at the crossings of the river as far up as Blythe's Ferry. Having put the railroad to Stevenson in condition to forward supplies, Rosecrans on the sixteenth of August commenced his advance across the Cumberland Mountains, Chattanooga and its covering ridges on the south-east being his objective point. To command and avail himself of the most important passes, the front of his movement extended from the head of Sequatchie Valley, in East-Tennessee, to Athens, Alabama, thus threatening the line of the Tennessee River from Whitesburgh to Blythe's Ferry, a distance of one hundred and fifty miles. The Tennessee River was reached on the twentieth of August, and Chattanooga shelled from the on the twenty-first. Pontoon boat, raft, and trestle bridges were rapidly prepared at Caperton's Ferry, Bridgeport, mouth of Battle Creek, and Shellmount, and the army, except cavalry, safely crossed the Tennessee
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