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Thomas Wentworth Higginson, Army Life in a Black Regiment, Chapter 7: up the Edisto. (search)
re now somewhat familiar with such undertakings, half military, half naval, and the thing to be done on the Edisto was precisely what we had proved to be practicable on the St. Mary's and the St. John's,--to drop anchor before the enemy's door some morning at daybreak, without his having dreamed of our approach. Since a raid made by Colonel Montgomery up the Combahee, two months before, the vigilance of the Rebels had increased. But we had information that upon the South Edisto, or Pon-Pon River, the rice plantations were still being actively worked by a large number of negroes, in reliance on obstructions placed at the mouth of that narrow stream, where it joins the main river, some twenty miles from the coast. This point was known to be further protected by a battery of unknown strength, at Wiltown Bluff, a commanding and defensible situation. The obstructions consisted of a row of strong wooden piles across the river; but we convinced ourselves that these must now be much d
in the field, in the midst of active operations. The President stated, in conclusion, that it was his purpose to give the General a fair trial as soon as it could be done in justice to the service. Col. Davidson, of the Third Mississippi regiment, who was captured at Fort Donelson, died at Fort Warren this day.--Boston Post, May 3. An expedition with the gunboat Hale was made this day, to capture a battery on Grim ball's plantation, near the junction of Dawho-powpow and South-Edisto River, S. C. The rebels opened on the tale when within one thousand eight hundred yards, and continued their fire as she wound her way to engage them at close quarters ; but when the Hale reached the last bend, and was making a straight course for the battery, the rebels fled in haste. Lieut. Gillis landed with a party of men to destroy it. The work was about three hundred and fifty yards from the river-bank, and mounted two lone fine twenty-four-pounders on excellent field-carriages. So rapi
a large quantity of wheat and Other private property. The Peace Society of London, England, issued an address to the people of the United States, urging that the time had come when an attempt should be made to arrest the destructive conflict that had been carried on. It deprecated any interference with American affairs, but such as would prove acceptable to Americans, but said: Surely the idea of friendly mediation may be entertained without any derogation of national dignity. It argues that there are only two alternatives to issue out of the war — either the utter extermination of one of the parties to it, or some form of accommodation and compromise between the contending sides. Is it not better to have recourse to the latter at once, before the feelings of the North and South become hopelessly inflamed with the most bitter animosity and vengeance? The bark Fannie Laurie, was captured while attempting to run the blockade of South-Edisto, S. C.--Commodore Du Pont's Repor
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 2., Chapter 5: military and naval operations on the coast of South Carolina.--military operations on the line of the Potomac River. (search)
es those on Hilton Head, and at Bay Point on Phillip's Island, there were five other fortifications on these islands, namely, on Botany Bay Island, North Edisto; on Otter Island, St. Helena's Sound; on Fenwick's Island; on Bay Point, on the South Edisto River; and on Sam's Point, on the Coosaw River. The little sketch here given of the fort on Bay Point, South Edisto, conveys an idea of the general form of these works, which were constructed of loose earth, and blocks of tough marsh sod. FortSouth Edisto, conveys an idea of the general form of these works, which were constructed of loose earth, and blocks of tough marsh sod. Fort on Bay Point. Before the close of the year the National authority was supreme from Wassaw Sound below the mouth of the Savannah, to the North Edisto River. Every fort on the islands in that reg ion had been abandoned, and there was nothing to make sellious opposition to National authority. See map on page 126. But at the close of November, and in the month of December, over had sent the curious net-work of creeks and rivers on that coast hung the black clouds of extensive conflagratio
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 3., Chapter 17: Sherman's March through the Carolinas.--the capture of Fort Fisher. (search)
eral Schimmelfennig, who, on the 10th of February, 1865. made a lodgment on James's Island, within three miles of Charleston. At the same time, gun-boats and a mortar schooner moved up the Stono River and flanked the troops. An attack was made upon the Confederate works on the island, and their rifle-pits were carried, with a loss to the Nationals of about eighty men. Co-operative movements were made at the same time, by General Hatch, who led a column across the Combahee toward the South Edisto River, while General Potter, with another column from Bull's Bay, northward of Charleston, menaced the Northwestern railway. These movements, with Columbia at the mercy of Sherman, warned Hardee hat he must instantly leave Charleston by the only railway now left open for his use, and endeavor to join Beauregard and Cheatham, who were then, with the remnant of Hood's army, making their way into North Carolina, where Johnston intended to concentrate all his available forces, in Sherman's pa
Admiral David D. Porter, The Naval History of the Civil War., Chapter 52: operations about Charleston, 1865.--fall of Charleston, Savannah, etc. (search)
. On the 11th of February a movement was made by the army contingent under General Potter, and a considerable naval force under Rear-Admiral Dahlgren, consisting of the Shenandoah, Juniata, Canandaigua, State of Georgia, Pawnee. Sonoma, Ottawa, Winona, Wando, Geranium and Iris, with launches in which to land troops at Bull's Bay. Great difficulty was experienced in finding a channel into the harbor, but a, landing was finally effected; after which, the Pawnee and Winona was sent to South Edisto River to assist General Hatch, who was moving on Wellstown with his division. On the 17th a movement was made from Stono River on the Confederates, while the iron-clads Lehigh, the Wissahickon and a mortar schooner were sent up the Stono to press the right flank of the enemy, while the gun-boat McDonough was sent with a mortar schooner up the Filly branch to bear on his left flank. General Schimmelfennig, in command of the troops before Charleston, moved on the enemy's front from Cole's
s at Fort Hayward, worked very hard. I overheard one of them say, that it was but fair they should do so for us, as we were working for them. The more intelligent among them told me that there was no packed cotton this year, and that not much more than half the cotton and scarcely any of the provision crop had been gathered. I forgot to mention that, as far as we could make out, on our return down the river, (the Ashepoo,) they appeared to be burning houses in the direction of the South Edisto River, or on those plantations which must have still been in the possession of the whites, and the same thing seemed to be continued during the night. I cannot finish without mentioning the obligations I am under to Captain Boutelle for the skill and untiring energy he displayed in piloting us through those inland waters; and I think the people must have been a little surprised at seeing vessels of war passing at full speed up narrow, and not overdeep, rivers, such as the Coosaw and Ashep
espectfully, Your obedient servant, J. A. Dahlgren, Rear-Admiral, commanding S. A. B. Squadron. Hon. Gideon Welles, Secretary of the Navy. Instructions from Lieut.-Com. E. E. Stone. United States steamer Vixen, off mouth of South Edisto River, S. C., May 25, 1864. Sir: On the receipt of this order you will immediately prepare to accompany General Birney up the Ashapoo River. Captain Boutelle, U. S. Coast Survey, informs me that you will have no trouble until you arrive at Benneteport of Lieut.-Com. E. E. Stone. United States steamer Chippewa), Port Royal harbor, S. C., May 27, 1864. Sir: In obedience to your orders of the twenty-fourth-instant, I proceeded with the McDonough, Hale, and Vixen, to and up the South Edisto River, as far as Governor Aiken's plantation, on Jehossee Island, at which point I landed the marines and two howitzers on field carriages, who were ordered to cross the plantation to a point as near Willstown as they could get. I sent a boat to
he torpedo constructions for the entrance of the harbor. He was thanked for the zeal and energy displayed by him in the discharge of his duties, in the face of so many difficulties. 19. An important order was also given to Major Harris in relation to General Raines's submarine batteries. The Engineers' Department was told to locate them below Simon Bluff, in the Wadmalaw; below Grimball's, in the Dawhee; and in the South Edisto, opposite Aiken's Mills; or at some proper place in the Pon Pon River. Major Harris was also instructed to construct a magazine at Summerville for the safe-keeping of ordnance stores in an emergency. 20. General Ripley was directed to attend to the armament of the two redoubts in rear of Fort Pemberton, and to transfer thither as soon as possible one 24-pounder on siege-carriage from the cremaillere line, and one 24-pounder in barbette from Fort Moultrie or Castle Pinckney. 21. The battery at Church Flats was also ordered to be converted at once into
tment, S. C., Ga., and Fla.: Major,—The Commanding General directs that General Raine's submarine batteries shall be located in the following manner, to wit: below Simon Bluff, in the Wadmalow; below Grimball's, in the Dawhee; and in the South Edisto River, opposite Aiken's Mill; or at some other convenient and fit place below the obstructions in the Pon Pon River. You will also construct a magazine at Summerville for ordnance stores, to be stored in case of an emergency or necessity. RPon Pon River. You will also construct a magazine at Summerville for ordnance stores, to be stored in case of an emergency or necessity. Respectfully, your obedient servant, Thomas Jordan, Chief of Staff. Headquarters, Department S. C., Ga., and Fla., Charleston, S. C., Dec. 8th, 1862. Brig.-Genl. R. S. Ripley, Comdg. First Mil. Dist., etc.: General,—I am instructed by the Commanding General to inform you that Major Harris reports the two redoubts in rear of Fort Pemberton as ready for their armament, to wit: one 24-pounder on siege-carriage, from the cremaillere line, and one 24-pounder in barbette, from Fort Moultrie or C
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