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Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 3., Chapter 19: the repossession of Alabama by the Government. (search)
had time to visit and sketch Fort Tyler, the scene of Colonel La Grange's achievements a year before. See page 521. That gallant Michigan officer was kindly spoken of by the inhabitants of West Point, who remembered his courtesy toward all non-combatants. Between West Point and Montgomery we saw several fortifications, covering the passage of streams by the railway; and ruins of station-houses everywhere attested the work of raiders. At Chiett's Station, near a great bend of the Tallapoosa River, whose water flowed full thirty feet below us, we saw many solitary chimneys, monuments of Wilson's destructive marches. His sweep through that region was almost as desolating as were the marches of Sherman, but in a narrower track. But among all these scathings of the hand of man, the beneficent powers of Nature were at work, covering them from human view. Already rank vines were creeping over heaps of brick and stone, or climbing blackened chimneys; and all around were the white bl
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Auttose, battle of. (search)
orgians, when Gen. John Floyd, at the head of 950 militia of that State and 450 friendly Indians, guided by Mordecai, a Jew trader, entered the region of the hostiles from the east. Crossing the Chattahoochee, he pushed on towards the Tallapoosa, where he was informed that a large number of hostile Indians had gatliered at the village of Auttose. on the Holy ground, on which the prophets had made the barbarians believe no white man could set foot and live. It was on the left bank of the Tallapoosa, about 20 miles above its confluence with the Coosa. Floyd encamped unobserved near the town on the evening of Nov. 28, and at dawn he appeared before the village with his troops arrayed for battle in three columns. He also had two or three field-pieces. There were two towns, one below the other. The towns were simultaneously attacked, and a general battle ensued. After a brief contest, the roar of artillery and a furious bayonet charge made the Indians fall back in terror to whatever
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Credit Mobilier, (search)
with the people of this confederacy that Oglethorpe held his first interview with the natives on the site of Savannah. They called themselves Muscogees, but, the domain abounding in creeks, it was called the Creek country by the Europeans. Evidently the kindred in origin and language of the Chickasaws and Choctaws, they claimed to have sprung from the earth, emigrated from the Northwest, and reached Florida, when they fell back to the more fertile regions of the Ocmulgee, Coosa, and Tallapoosa rivers. Some of them remained in Florida, and these became the Seminoles of a later period. De Soto penetrated their country as early as 1540, and twenty years later De Luna formed an alliance with the tribe of the Coosas. When the Carolinas and Louisiana began to be settled by the English, Spaniards, and French, they all courted the Creek nation. The English won the Lower Creeks, the French the Upper Creeks, while the Spaniards, through their presents, gained an influence over a portion
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Emucfau, battle of. (search)
Emucfau, battle of. On a bend in the Tallapoosa River, in Alabama, was a Creek village named Emucfau. Jackson, with a considerable force, approaching the place (Jan. 21, 1814), saw a wellbeaten trail and some prowling Indians, and prepared his camp that night for an attack. At six o'clock the next morning a party of Creek warriors fell upon him with great fury. At dawn a vigorous cavalry charge was made upon the foe by General Coffee, and they were dispersed. Coffee pursued the barbarians for 2 miles with much slaughter. Then a party was despatched to destroy the Indian encampment at Emucfau, but it was found to be too strongly fortified to be taken without artillery. When Coffee fell back to guard approaching cannon, the Indians, thinking it was a retreat, again fell upon Jackson, but, after a severe struggle, were repulsed. Jackson made no further attempt to destroy the encampment at Emucfau. He was astonished at the prowess of the Creek warriors. In their retrograde
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Tohopeka, or Horseshoe Bend, battle at (search)
olonel Williams, with 600 regulars, reached Fort Strother on Feb. 6. Other troops soon joined them, and the Choctaw Indians openly espoused the cause of the United States. At the close of February, Map of the battle at Tohopeka. Jackson found himself at the head of 5,000 men. Supplies were gathered, and at the middle of March the troops were ready to move. Meanwhile the Creeks, from experience, had such premonitions of disaster that they concentrated their forces at the bend of the Tallapoosa River, in the northeast part of Tallapoosa county, Ala., at a place called Tohopeka, or Horseshoe Bend, a peninsula containing about 100 acres of land. White men from Pensacola and half-bloods hostile to the United States aided them in building a strong breastwork of logs across the neck of the peninsula. They pierced it with two rows of port-holes, arranged in such a manner as to expose the assailants to a cross-fire from within. Back of this was a mass of logs and brush; and at the foot
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Alabama (search)
ms all the Mississippi Valley......1697 De Bienville builds Fort St. Louis on the west side of Mobile Bay......1702 Colony removed to present site of Mobile......1711 Fort Toulouse built by French at the confluence of the Coosa and Tallapoosa rivers......1714 All the territory now Alabama north of 31° and west to the Mississippi ceded to England by France......1763 [West Florida from 1764 to 1781 included much of the present territory of Alabama and Mississippi. The British prov county). The Indians attack and are repulsed......Jan. 22-24, 1814 Calebee River. Indian attack repulsed by General Floyd......Jan. 27, 1814 General Jackson, reinforced, attacks Indians fortified at Great Horse-shoe Bend (Tohopeka) of Tallapoosa River......March 27, 1814 [By this, the bloodiest battle of the war, the power of the Indians was destroyed.] Indians by treaty cede to the United States nearly half the present State of Alabama......Aug. 9, 1814 General Jackson captures
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Georgia, (search)
letion of contract is specified......April 24, 1802 Treaty at Washington; Creek Indians cede land between Oconee and Ocmulgee to the United States......Nov. 14, 1805 First session of legislature at Milledgeville, the new capital......1807 Battle between Georgia volunteers under Col. Daniel Newman and Lotchaway and Alligator Indians in east Florida......Oct. 5, 1812 Attack and destruction of Auttose towns by 950 Georgia militia under General Floyd, and battle with Creeks on Tallapoosa River; Indian loss, .200 killed; Americans, eleven killed, fifty-four wounded......Nov. 29, 1813 General Floyd repulses a large body of Creek Indians at Camp Defiance, 48 miles west of the Chattahoochee, after a loss of seventeen killed and 132 wounded......Jan. 27, 1814 Treaty ceding territory to United States between Creek Indians and General Jackson, at Fort Jackson......Aug. 9, 1814 Point Petrie, near St. Mary's, defended by about ninety men under Captain Massias, is surrendered
an English brigantine, from Nova Scotia, for Demerara. We now stood back to rejoin our prize, and banking our fires, and hoisting a light at the peak, the better to enable the prize to keep sight of us, during the night, we lay to, until daylight. The next day, and the day after, were busy days, on board the Sumter, for we devoted both of them, to getting on board provisions, from the prize. The weather proved propitious, the breeze being gentle, and the sea smooth. We hoisted out the Tallapoosa—our launch—and employed her, and the quarterboats—the gig included, for war admits of little ceremony— in transporting barrels, bales, boxes, and every other conceivable kind of package, to the Sumter. The paymaster was in ecstasy, for, upon examination, he found the Trowbridge's cargo to be all that he could desire—the beef, pork, canvased hams ship-bread, fancy crackers, cheese, flour, everything being of the very best quality. We were, indeed, under many obligations to our Connecti
Frederick H. Dyer, Compendium of the War of the Rebellion: Regimental Histories, Michigan Volunteers. (search)
May 30-June 12. Buell's Campaign in Northern Alabama and Middle Tennessee June to August. Garrison duty at Nashville, Tenn., till June, 1863. Siege of Nashville, Tenn., September 12-November 7, 1862. Moved to Murfreesboro, Tenn., June 1, 1863, and duty there till October. Return to Nashville, Tenn., and garrison duty there till December, 1864. Rousseau's Raid into Alabama and Georgia July 10-22, 1864 (1 Section). Ten Islands, Coosa River, July 14. Stone's Ferry, Tallapoosa River, July 15. Nontasulga July 18. Chewa Station July 18. Opelika July 18. McCook's Raid on Atlanta & West Point Railroad and Macon & Western Railroad July 27-31 (1 Section). Lovejoy's Station July 29. Newnan's July 30. Battle of Nashville, Tenn., December 15-16, 1864. Pursuit of Hood to the Tennessee River December 17-28. Duty at Nashville till February, 1865. Ordered to Decatur, Ala., and garrison duty there till July. Mustered out July 30, 1865. Battery
Rebellion Record: a Diary of American Events: Documents and Narratives, Volume 11. (ed. Frank Moore), Doc. 36. General Rousseau's expedition. (search)
suffocated. A witness stated that he never screamed or groaned, but seemed to suffocate at once. At Youngville a quantity of rebel grain and bacon was obtained. In every county there are several depots for receiving the tax in kind imposed by the Confederate Government, being one-tenth of all productions of the soil. These are gathered in by agents, and sent off wherever ordered for the supply of the army. At these points the expedition found supplies ready for their use. The Tallapoosa river was yet to be crossed before reaching the destination of the expedition. It is fordable in but few places, and the fords rather difficult for artillery. It was important, therefore, to obtain possession of a ferry. Information was obtained of an old ford near Stowe's ferry, and General Rousseau decided upon crossing at that point. The night march from Talladega, and the pressing forward during the day, had prevented news of our approach getting much ahead of us, and on arriving at t
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