Browsing named entities in Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing). You can also browse the collection for West Branch Cooper River (South Carolina, United States) or search for West Branch Cooper River (South Carolina, United States) in all documents.

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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Charleston, S. C. (search)
Charleston, S. C. City, port of entry, and commercial metropolis of South Carolina; on a peninsula between the Cooper and Ashley rivers, which unite in forming an admirable harbor; 82 miles northeast of Savannah, Ga. The city was founded in 1680 by an English colony; was occupied by the British in 1780-82; and was the State capital till 1790. It has been the scene of many stirring and historical events. The celebrated Democratic National Convention of 1860 was opened here, and after the split among the delegates an adjourned session was held in Baltimore. It was the birthplace, the same year, of the Secession movement; the first act of hostility to the national government occurred here (see Sumter, Fort; Beauregard, Pierre Gustave Toutant); was besieged and bombarded during the last two years of the war; and was evacuated by the Confederates on Feb. 17, 1865. On Aug. 31, 1886, a large part of the city was destroyed by an earthquake, in which many lives were lost. In the fi
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Colonial settlements. (search)
n the shores of the James River. Some settlers went into North Carolina from Jamestown, between the years 1640 and 1650, and in 1663 a settlement in the northern part of North Carolina had an organized government, and the country was named Carolina, in honor of Charles II., of England. In 1668 the foundations of the commonwealth of State of North Carolina (q. v.) were laid at Edenton. In 1670 some people from Barbadoes sailed into the harbor of Charleston and settled on the Ashley and Cooper rivers (see State of South Carolina). The benevolent General Oglethorpe, commiserating the condition of the prisoners for debt, in England, conceived the idea of founding a colony in America with them. The government approved the project, and, in 1732, he landed, with emigrants, on the site of the city of Savannah, and there planted the germ of the commonwealth of Georgia (q. v.) The first English colony planted in America was the one sent over in 1585 by Sir Walter Raleigh, who despatched
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Monk's corner, (search)
Monk's corner, The scene of a notable surprise of American cavalry. While the British were besieging Charleston in 1780 General Lincoln endeavored to keep an open communication with the country, across the Cooper River, so as to receive reinforcements, and, if necessary, to make a retreat. To close that communication Sir Henry Clinton detached Lieutenant-Colonel Webster, with 1,400 men. The advanced guard, composed of Tarleton's legion and Ferguson's corps, surprised the American cavalry (about 300 men), with militia attached to them, under the command of Gen. Isaac Huger, who were stationed at Biggin's Bridge, near Monk's Corner. The Americans were attacked just at dawn (April 14) and were scattered. Twenty-five of the Americans were killed; the remainder fled to the swamps. Tarleton secured nearly 300 horses, and, after closing Lincoln's communications with the country, he returned to the British camp in triumph.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), State of South Carolina, (search)
nd seated themselves on its banks, a few miles above the site of Charleston. West exercised the authority of chief magistrate until the arrival of Gov. Sir John Yeamans, in December, 1671, with fifty families and a large number of slaves from Barbadoes. The next year representative government was established, under the title of the Carteret County Colony—so called in honor of Sir George Carteret. Ten years afterwards the colony removed to Oyster Point, at the junction of the Ashley and Cooper rivers, and there the city of Charleston was founded. Very soon some Dutch families, dissatisfied with English rule at New York, went to South Carolina, and planted themselves along the Edisto and Santee rivers. Like the settlers in North Carolina, those of the Southern colony refused to be governed by the constitution framed by Shaftesbury and Locke. Political and religious quarrels distracted the colony a long time, and finally the coast Indians made raids upon them, plundering the plant
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), South Carolina, (search)
na meet at Charleston and elect representatives for the civil government of the colony......1674 Fundamental constitutions framed by John Locke, and amended by the Earl of Shaftesbury in 1669, are put into operation in South Carolina......1674 By invitation a colony of Dutch from New York settle on the southwest side of the Ashley River......1674 Settlers remove from Old Charleston to Oyster Point and found Charleston......1680 Baptists from Maine, under Mr. Screven, settle on Cooper River......1683 Scotch settlement on Port Royal is broken up and dispersed by Spaniards from St. Augustine......1686 Gov. James Colleton, in endeavors to exact arrears of quit-rents, proclaims martial law. The Assembly meet and banish him; thereupon Seth Sothel, claiming to be a proprietor, usurps the government......1690 Sothel is compelled to relinquish the government on charge of malfeasance, and Philip Ludwell is appointed governor......1692 Fundamental constitutions abrogated
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Whipple, Abraham 1733- (search)
ston at the time of the siege and capture of that city in 1780. On March 21 of that year, the British marine force, under Admiral Arbuthnot, crossed the bar at Charleston. It consisted of one 54-gun ship, two 44-gun ships, four of thirty-two guns, and the Sandwich, also an armed ship. Whipple was in the outer harbor with a flotilla of small vessels. Finding he could not prevent the British ships from passing the bar, he fell back to the waters immediately in front of Charleston and transferred all the crews and Abraham Whipple. guns of his vessels, excepting one, to the batteries on the shore. The commodore sunk most of his own and some merchant vessels near Shute's Folly, at the mouth of the Cooper River, to prevent British vessels from entering it. After the capture of the city he lost his vessels, was made a prisoner, and so continued during the remainder of the war. On the formation of the Ohio Company he took his family and settled at Marietta, where he died, May 29, 1819.