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the Potomac as the Crazy Delawares, was the first regiment raised in the State for three years or during the war. It has been prominent in every general engagement of the grand army of the Potomac. It is commanded by Colonel William P. Baily, formerly an officer in the third company of the National Guard, a cool, brave, and experienced officer, who possesses the confidence and affection of his men, and will never disappoint the hopes of his country. At the battles of Gaines's Mill, White Oak Swamp, Peach Orchard, Savage's Station, Antietam, and Fredericksburgh, this gallant regiment, now reduced to about two hundred and fifty effective men, fought with a valor and self-sacrificing devotion that won the applause of the whole army. It was the last to leave the field at the bloody fight at Gaines's Mill, and at Fredericksburgh led the charge of Zook's brigade, and laid its dead nearer the rebel works than any other regiment. In this charge Colonel Baily was wounded by a fragment o
s near the head of York River. Its left was established south of the Chickahominy, between White Oak Swamp and New Bridge, defended by a line of strong works, access to which, except by a few narrowplies for the sick and wounded. But the time gained enabled the retreating column to cross White Oak Swamp without interruption, and destroy the bridge. Battle of Frazier's farm. Jackson reachms, that two regiments had to be detached for their security. His progress was arrested at White Oak Swamp. The enemy occupied the opposite side, and obstinately resisted the reconstruction of the engagement; but Huger not coming up, and Jackson having been unable to force the passage of White Oak Swamp, Longstreet and Hill were without the expected support. The superiority of numbers and advof July, Jackson reached the battle-field of the previous day, having succeeded in crossing White Oak Swamp, where he captured a part of the enemy's artillery and a number of prisoners. He was direc
e marched, by orders, at sunrise, crossed White Oak Swamp, (the bridge, destroyed by the enemy, caugia regiment, on the left, extending from White Oak Swamp, across the Williamsburg road, to the Yorblished. It was anticipated that, by the White Oak Swamp road, Kearny's division, which had been med down the road toward the north fork of White Oak Swamp. I passed on, and at eight o'clock my en we moved, with the brigade, camping at White Oak Swamp, moving next morning early, with the briginy at Grapevine Bridge, and moved toward White Oak Swamp, which we reached about half past 9 A. M.to a piece of woods several miles west of White Oak Swamp, at which place it staid one day, and the. Captain Clark, at Mechanicsville and White Oak Swamp, expended three hundred and ninety-two ro, when we again joined the division below White Oak Swamp, and returned with it to our camp on the arch, and proceeded to a point at or near White Oak Swamp, where it remained for the night. On T[20 more...]
river was not open until the 12th, when the Merrimac was destroyed. The question was now to be decided as to the ultimate line of operations of the army. Two courses were to be considered: first, to abandon the line of the York, cross the Chickahominy in the lower part of its course, gain the James, and adopt that as the line of supply; second, to use the railroad from West Point to Richmond as the line of supply, which would oblige us to cross the Chickahominy somewhere north of White Oak Swamp. The army was perfectly placed to adopt either course. Masking the movement by the advanced guard, the army could easily have crossed the Chickahominy by Jones's bridge, and at Coles's ferry and Barret's ferry by pontoon bridges, while the advanced guard, and probably one or two corps, could have followed the movement by Long bridge and under cover of the White Oak Swamp, and the army would have been concentrated at Malvern Hill, ready either to advance upon Richmond by the roads ne
e a violent attack of illness, which confined me to my bed on the 30th and the morning of the 31st. I left my bed to go to the field of battle as soon as I was satisfied of the importance of the crisis. Two corps, the 3d and the 4th, were across the Chickahominy, three on the left bank. The 4th corps was in position near Fair Oaks and Seven Pines. Kearny's division of the 3d corps was on and near the railroad in advance of Savage's Station. Hooker's division was on the left, near White Oak Swamp. The 2d corps was on the left bank of the Chickahominy, at and near the Grapevine bridge, in position to support either wing of the army. The 5th and the 6th corps were also on the left bank, between Mechanicsville and New bridge. Having been informed late on the 24th that McDowell's advance was suspended, I caused work upon the bridges to be commenced immediately and pushed forward with the greatest vigor; but heavy rains continued to fall from day to day, which flooded the vall
miles in advance of Bottom's bridge, watching the crossing of White Oak Swamp, and covering the left and the rear of the left wing of the ar hazards, but not to withdraw the troops from the crossings of White Oak Swamp unless in an emergency. On the 28th Gen. Keyes was ordered picket-line was established, reaching from the Chickahominy to White Oak Swamp. On the 30th Gen. Heintzelman, representing that the advantation towards the bridge; Hooker's division on the borders of White Oak Swamp. Constant skirmishing had been kept up between our pickets an. Orders were also despatched for Gen. Hooker to move up from White Oak Swamp, and he arrived after dark at Savage's Station. As soon as cut off by the enemy from the main body, he fell back towards White Oak Swamp, and by a circuit brought his men into our lines in good orders line, he too was forced to retreat through the woods towards White Oak Swamp, and in that way gained camp under cover of night. Brig.-Ge
afterwards two Georgia regiments attempted to carry the works about to be evacuated, but this attack was repulsed by the 23d N. Y., and the 49th Penn. Volunteers on picket, and a section of Mott's battery. Porter's corps was moved across White Oak Swamp during the day and night, and took up positions covering the roads leading from Richmond towards White Oak Swamp and Long bridge. McCall's division was ordered, on the night of the 28th, to move across the swamp and take a proper position tWhite Oak Swamp and Long bridge. McCall's division was ordered, on the night of the 28th, to move across the swamp and take a proper position to assist in covering the remaining troops and trains. During the same night the corps of Sumner and Heintzelman and the division of Smith were ordered to an interior line, the left resting on Keyes's old entrenchments and curving to the right so as to cover Savage's Station. General Slocum's division, of Franklin's corps, was ordered to Savage's Station in reserve. They were ordered to hold this position until dark of the 29th, in order to cover the withdrawal of the trains, and then t
pter 26: Continuation of the Seven days battles Allen's field Savage's Station White Oak Swamp Charles City cross-roads Glendale Malvern Hill the army at Harrison's Landing. The hrs camp at Savage's Station was broken up early on the morning of the 29th and moved across White Oak Swamp. As the essential part of this day's operation was the passage of the trains across the sw. Slocum arrived at Savage's Station at an early hour on the 29th, and was ordered to cross White Oak Swamp and relieve Gen. Keyes's corps. As soon as Gen. Keyes was thus relieved he moved towards Jdiately after the battle the orders were repeated for all the troops to fall back and cross White Oak Swamp, which was accomplished during the night in good order. By midnight all the troops were onof the enemy his most obvious lines of attack would come from the direction of Richmond and White Oak Swamp, and would almost of necessity strike us upon our left wing. Here, therefore, the lines we
410-421, 442; Savage's Station, 426-428 ; White Oak Swamp, 428, 430 ; Charles City road, 431, 432 ;2, 420, 421; Savage's Station, 427, 428 ; White Oak Swamp, 428, 430, .433 ; Berkley, 444. In Pope'0; in pursuit, 348 ; Fair Oaks, 377-350 ; White Oak Swamp, 423, 426, 427-429 ; Malvern, 434 ; with on, 424, 452; Savage's Station, 426-428 ; White Oak Swamp, 428,430 ; Glendale, 431-433, McCall's rerg. 331; Fair Oaks, 363, 377, 379, 380 ; White Oak Swamp, 428, 430. Napoleon, Prince, 83-85. NavMill, 410-421; Savage's Station, 426-428; White Oak Swamp, 428, 430; Glendale, 430-433; Malvern Hil Oaks, 382 ; Savage's Station, 427, 428 ; White Oak Swamp, 430 ; Antietam, 587. Phelps, Col., 588-376, 397; Gaines's Mill, 411, 414-421 ; White Oak Swamp, 424, 426, 428; Malvern, 433, 434, 436, 479, 382-384 ; Savage's Station, 426-428 ; White Oak Swamp, 428, 430 ; Malvern, 434, 436. At Antiete House, Va., 341, 342, 356, 357, 360. White Oak Swamp, Va., 366, 377-379, 381 ; battles at, 426-43[1 more...]
ichmond and York River Railroad. Seven miles from Richmond another highway intersects the one from Williamsburg, known as the Nine Mile road. At the point of this intersection once grew a clump of Seven Pines, hence the name of Seven Pines, often given to the battle fought on this spot. A thousand yards beyond the pines were two farmhouses in a grove of oaks. This was Fair Oaks Farm. Where the Nine Mile road crossed the railroad was Fair Oaks Station. Southeast of Seven Pines was White Oak Swamp. Casey's division of Keyes' corps was stationed at Fair Oaks Farm. A fifth of a mile in front lay his picket line, extending crescent shape, from the swamp to the Chickahominy. Couch's division of the same corps was at Seven Pines, with his right wing extending along the Nine Mile road to Fair Oaks Station. Heintzelman's corps lay to the rear; Kearney's division guarded the railroad at Savage's Station and Hooker's the approaches to the White Oak Swamp. This formed three lines of de
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