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on. Wagon trains were struggling across the almost impassable White Oak Swamp, while the troops were striving to hold Savage's Station to prh. The next day they disappeared, plunging into the depths of White Oak Swamp, leaving only the brave medical officers behind, doing what thtangled retreat Through this well-nigh impassable morass of White Oak Swamp, across a single Long Bridge, McClellan's wagon trains were beuring the day the Federal wagon trains were safely passed over White Oak Swamp and then moved on toward the James River. Lee did not at firsf the Potomac as they emerged from their perilous march across White Oak Swamp to hear the firing of the gunboats on the James. It told them and his army were held in check by the events of June 30th at White Oak Swamp and the other battle at The second army base in the Penntry to make sure that Franklin's division was retreating from White Oak Swamp, and then to carry orders to Sumner to fall back on Malvern Hi
The Photographic History of The Civil War: in ten volumes, Thousands of Scenes Photographed 1861-65, with Text by many Special Authorities, Volume 1: The Opening Battles. (ed. Francis Trevelyan Miller), Engagements of the Civil War with losses on both sides December, 1860-August, 1862 (search)
26-29, 1862: Vicksburg, Miss. U. S. Fleet, under command of Commodore Farragut, passed the Confederate land batteries, under the cover of bombardment by Commodore Porter's fleet of mortar boats. June 2, 1862 to July 1, 1862: the Seven days Battles, in front of Richmond, Va., including engagements known as Mechanicsville or Ellerson's Mills on the 26th, Gaines' Mills or Cold Harbor on the 27th, Garnett's and Golding's farms on the 28th, Peach Orchard and Savage Station on the 29th, White Oak Swamp, also called Charles City Cross Roads, Glendale or Nelson's Farm or Frayser's Farm, New Market road on the 30th, and Malvern Hill or crew's Farm on July 1st. Union--Army of the Potomac, Maj.-Gen. Geo. B. McClellan commanding. Losses: First Corps, Brig.-Gen. Geo. A. McCall's Div. Union Generals who kept Missouri in the Union. Brigadier-General Nathaniel Lyon Major-General Franz Sigel Major-General John C. Breckinridge These fearless leaders by their prompt
cCausland's Cav. Losses: Union, 6 killed, 18 wounded. June 11-12, 1864: Cynthiana, Ky. Union, Burbridge's Cav.; Confed., Morgan's Cav. Losses: Union, 150 killed and wounded; Confed., 300 killed and wounded, 400 captured. June 11-12, 1864: Trevilian Station, Va. Union, Sheridan's Cav.; Confed., Gen. Wade Hampton's Cav. Losses: Union, 102 killed, 470 wounded, 435 missing; Confed. (incomplete) 59 killed, 258 wounded, 295 missing. June 13, 1864: White Oak swamp bridge, Va. Union, Wilson's and Crawford's Cav.; Confed., detachments of the Army of Northern Virginia. Losses: Union, 50 killed, 250 wounded. June 14, 1864: Lexington, Mo. Union, Detachment 1st Mo. Cav. Losses: Union, 8 killed, 1 wounded. June 15, 1864: Samaria Church, Malvern Hill, Va. Union, Wilson's Cav.; Confed., Hampton's Cav. Losses: Union, 25 killed, 3 wounded; Confed., 100 killed and wounded. June 15-19, 1864: Petersburg, Va., commen
tion. Captain Reuben Boston had been placed with his Confederate squadron on the right of the road, with instructions to hold it. It appeared later that this little band had been Brigadier-General Thomas T. Munford, C. S. A. From the Peninsula to the last stand of the Confederate cavalry at Sailor's Creek, General Munford did his duty both gallantly and well. As colonel of the Second Virginia Cavalry he masked the placing of a battery of thirty-one field pieces upon the bluff at White Oak swamp, June 30, 1862. When the screen of cavalry was removed, the gunners opened up and drove a Union battery of artillery and a brigade of McClellan's infantry rearguard from a large field just across the White Oak stream. His was the regiment which picketed the roads leading in the direction of the Federal forces upon the occasion of Jackson's famous raid around Pope's army to Manassas Junction. At Antietam he commanded a brigade of dismounted cavalry, comprising the Second and Twelfth V
4 Fort Donelson, Tenn., Feb. 12-16, 18625002,1082242,8322,00014,62316,623 Pea Ridge, Ark., Mar. 7, 18622039802011,384600200800 Shiloh, Tenn., Apr. 6-7, 18621,7548,4082,88513,0471,7238,01295910,694 Williamsburg, Va., May 4-5, 18624561,4103732,2491,5701331,703 Fair Oaks, Va., May 31,–June 1, 18627903,5946475,0319804,7494056,134 Mechanicsville, Va., June 26, 1862492071053611,484 Gaines' Mill, Va., June 27, 18628943,1072,8366,8378,751 Peach Orchard, Savage Station, Va., June 29, 1862White Oak Swamp, Glendale, Va., June 30, 1862Malvern Hill, Va., July 1, 18627244,2453,0678,0368,6028759,477 Seven Days, Va., June 25–July 1, 18621,7348,0626,07515,8493,47816,26187520,614 Cedar Mountain, Va., Aug. 9, 18623141,4455942,3532311,1071,338 Manassas and Chantilly, Va., Aug, 27–Sept. 2, 18621,7248,3725,95816,0541,4817,627899,197 Richmond, Ky., Aug. 29-30, 18622068444,3035,353783721451 South Mountain, Md., Sept. 14, 18623251,403851,8133251,5608002,685 Antietam, or Sharpsburg, Md., Sept. 16<
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 2. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), chapter 6.34 (search)
fth, was directed upon Willcox's landing; Wright's and Burnside's corps upon Douthat's, while Smith, with four divisions of the Tenth and Eighteenth corps, moved rapidly to White House and embarked for Bermuda Hundred. Swinton, Army of the Potomac, p. 498. Early on the morning of the 13th, Warren, who executed his critical task with marked address, pushed forward Crawford's division on the New Market road, and compelling the few Confederate squadrons of observation to retire across White Oak Swamp, threatened direct advance on Richmond, while the activity of his powerful horse completely shrouded for the time the movement in his rear. Lee did not attack, for Early had been detached for the defence of Lynchburg, and the main body of his cavalry being absent under Hampton, he was compelled, like the Great Frederick, when Traun's Pandours enveloped Silesia in midnight, to read his position as if by flashes of lightning. On the next day, however, a small body of horse, under W. H
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 8. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), History of Lane's North Carolina brigade. (search)
men never had been under fire until the day before, they were rallied and in turn repelled the advance of the enemy. Some brigades were broken, others stubbornly maintained their positions, but it became apparent that the enemy were gradually gaining ground. * * * * The arrival of fresh troops enabled A. P. Hill to withdraw some of his brigades, wearied and reduced by their long and arduous conflict. * * * Huger not coming up and Jackson having been unable to force the passage of White Oak swamp, Longstreet and Hill were without the expected support. The superiority of numbers and advantage of position were on the side of the enemy. The battle raged furiously until 9 P. M. By that time the enemy had been driven with great slaughter from every position but one, which he maintained until he was enabled to withdraw under cover of darkness. At the close of the struggle, nearly the entire field remained in our possession, covered with the enemy's dead and wounded. Many prisoners
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 9. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), Reminiscences of the army of Northern Virginia. (search)
, and the foot cavalry were again on the road. But the swamps of the Chickahominy were very different from the firm ground of the Shenandoah Valley. McClellan obstructed the roads by every possible device, and our progress was very slow. Had General Lee's plans been carried out on June 30th at Frazier's farm, instead of the heroic fight which Longstreet and A. P. Hill were compelled to make against overwhelming odds, and with long doubtful result, Jackson's corps would have crossed White Oak Swamp at a point which would have planted them firmly on the enemy's flank and rear, and Malvern Hill and Harrison's Landing would never have become historic. Even great Homer sometimes nods, and even Stonewall Jackson was not infallible. General Wade Hampton insisted that he could force the crossing of the swamp, and the passage of Colonel Munford with his cavalry regiment across at one point and back at another proved that Hampton was right; but Jackson contented himself with a feeble e
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 10. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), The PeninsulaMcClellan's campaign of 1862, by Alexander S. Webb. (search)
e whole country was covered with water, and some of the swollen sources of White Oak Swamp caused a delay of many hours in the march of Huger's division. Longstreetat once the movement of the immense trains and material of his army across White Oak Swamp, in the direction of Turkey Bend. The highest commendation that can be ginight-fall, when the Federals made good their retreat to the south side of White Oak Swamp. Next day, June 30th, was the day of greatest peril to the Federal armyhaving crossed the Chickahominy, was ordered to follow in its wake towards White Oak Swamp. Huger was directed to press along the Charles City road. Longstreet, wimake a circuit around Huger and follow Longstreet. Jackson soon reached White Oak Swamp and found the passage of this difficult stream strongly defended by Frankland audacity that characterized his Valley campaign, he would have crossed White Oak Swamp in spite of Franklin. Next day, July 1st, the Confederates, once more r
ack. . . . I received a verbal order from General Hill to conduct my command at once to the point at which the attack was to be made. . . . The progress of the brigade was considerably delayed by the washing away of a bridge near the head of White-Oak Swamp, by reason of which the men had to wade in water waist-deep, and a large number were entirely submerged. At this point the character of the crossing was such that it was absolutely necessary to proceed with great caution to prevent the losse in front, I emerged from the woods from the Williamsburg road under a heavy fire of both artillery and musketry, with only five companies of the Fifth Alabama. General Huger's line of march was farther to the right, therefore nearer to White-Oak Swamp, and the impediments were consequently greater than where General Rodes found the route so difficult as to be dangerous even to infantry. On the next day, June 1st, General Longstreet states that a serious attack was made on our position,
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